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dations were allowed to remain and the new elevations built upon them. At the back of some cottages on the south side, about half-way down Row 92, you may see an illustration of this arrangement, where the north wall of the Prior's apartments forms the back wall of some cottages in Row 96, and there are other instances of entire walls being so made use of within the area of this Grey Friars' Convent. I do not think there was any tower to this church,—we saw nothing in the course of our excavations to suggest such a structure, but there might have been a lantern carried on arches springing from the corners of the walls of the chancel, nave, and transepts, similar to that given by Harrod as having formerly existed on St. Andrew's Hall at Norwich.

I trust we shall some day have a complete ground plan of the monastery, when further discoveries shall have told us more about the place. The one here given must be regarded as an instalment thereto, for which I thank Mr. Olley, and it is particularly noteworthy in indicating the cloister as attached to the south side of the chancel a most unusual position.


With respect to the extent of the site as to which Palmer (Manship, i. 49) had doubts, I have investigated this and find that as regards the northern boundary described in the deeds of conveyance from the Corporation in 1657 as a common lane or row, this is the row now numbered 83; as is clearly shown by the deeds relating

2 As to the church not having a steople, vide Cottonian plan in British Museum (Palmer's Manship, i. 257.)

An “abbey token" was found with the bones in Queen Street.

to the house and stable, the property of the late John Danby Palmer, the former of which to the north of such row (No. 4, South Quay) was erected by Benjamin Cooper in 1596 on the site of an ancient house, with no reference to the Priory title, while the stable, which was on the south side of such row, is stated to be a part of the Priory title. On the south, Row 96 was clearly the terminus of the priory precinct, as all the deeds relating to the property on the north side of it refer to the Priory title; while it is otherwise as regards those on its south side, ex. gra. No. 16, South Quay, these deeds (which William Hurry Palmer, Esq., has kindly produced) show that in 1713 Samuel Fuller purchased of William Patey, and no reference is made in them to the Priory title; and as regards the Turk’s Head at the Middlegate end of such row (the deeds of which Mr. John Power kindly lent to me), there is again no trace of the Priory title, but on the contrary, so early as the 19th of August, 1613, Roger Drury enfeoffed this bouse to Thomas Green, and it seems shortly afterwards (if not then indeed) to have been turned into a public-house, and was known certainly as early as 1740 as the Dolphin, afterwards (1796) as the White Bear, and (in 1842) as the Turk’s Head, the present sign, but there is no suggestion (as Palmer thinks) that it was ever known as the Town's Arms, which I contend it really adjoined to the south, and was on the site of the

present Old Meeting House, which was clearly built on . part of the late Priory estate."

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In a half Row leading from Middlegate Street, and between Queen Street and Row 92, will be found an interesting relic which was originally part of the Cloister of a Franciscan Convent. The Franciscans were called "Grey Friars” from their habit, a long grey coat, with hood and girdle of cord. According to Manship the order settled in Norwich in 1226, and through the exertions of Sir William Gerbrigge, a man of considerable local influence, and who filled the office of bailiff in 1271, came to Yarmouth in the latter half of the thirteenth century, and soon commenced building the convent of which this cloister formed a part.

The conventual buildings extended to the river on the west, and over the ground now occupied by Queen Street to the north, near the centre of which was the church, having on the south a handsome cloister, of which this relic formed a part. The conventual buildings, including the chapter house, were mainly to the south of the cloister.

At the dissolution this convent with all its possessions was granted to Thomas Cromwell, the Vicar General, afterwards Earl of Essex, and then on his attainder in 1540 it was bestowed by the Crown upon Sir Richard Williams, who sold it, and it then fell into the hands of the Corporation, who appear to have been in possession in 1569, for in that year they ordered the estate to be conveyed to certain persons, all members of their body.

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