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and the calks cun.
be all marked.
and in all cases of sales of wheat in the faid city, by the bushel, if the same Shall exceed the standard weight, the buyer, Mall pay a proportionably greater price; and if the same shall be less than the said standard, the buyer shall pay a proportionably less price. Provided, That this regulation shall not extend to any special contracts respecting the fales of wheat, whatever inay be the weight thereof.
VIII. And be it further enacted by the authority aforefaid, All kinds of hard That every baker of any of the kinds of hard bread, comwith the baka's name monly called ship, middling, water, butter or milk biscuit, taining flich bread to
intended for sale, shall cause the initial letter of his christian,
with his surname at full length, to be impressed on each biscuit so baked ; and that upon the head of every cask or keg in which any fuch biscuit are packed for exportation, shall be marked with a narking-iron, the tare of iuch catk or keg; and that the initial letter of the baker's christian name, with his surname at full length, shall be branded thereon, with words expressing the kind of bread or biscuit contained in the same, and the name of the city or county where such bread or bilcuit was baked ; and fuch bitivuit as is commonly sold in small kegs, shall contain either seven or fourteen pounds of the said bread. And if any person or persons shall fell or ship for exportation, any kind of hard bread, not marked and branded as herein before directed, he, she or they, shall forfeit for each hundred weight fo shipped or fold, the sum of five shillings, and so in proportion for a greater or less quantity.
IX. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, Allowance to mea. That the several measurers appointed, or to be appointed tiax-teed, wheat, rye, within this state, shall be entitled to receive and take for
measuring flax-feed, salt, wheat, rye, corn, buckwheat, or any other article commonly sold by the bushel, one half penny, per bulhel, and no more; and for all coal measured, at and after the rate of two shillings for every chaldron, and no more ; the one half to be paid by the buyer, and the other half by the seller ; unless a particular contract is made to the contrary.
X. And be it further erailed by the authority aforesaid, That this act shall be in force from and after the firit day of July next; and that all forfeitures mentioned in the same, shall and may be recovered in any court having cognizance thereof, with costs of fuit, by any person or persons who shall fue for them refpectively, by action of debt, bill, plaint or information ; the one half thereof to be for his, her or their own use, and the other half for the use of the people of this state.
CH A P. LXI. An ACT making fuch Alterations in the Act for incorporating Religious
Societies, as 10 re:det the same more convenient io the Reformed Proteftant Dulci Congregations.
Pafled 7th March, 1788.
by the appellation of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Churches, or congregations, the minister or minisiers, and elders and cons for time being, have the management of the temporalities of the respective congregations; and the faid congregations cannot therefore avail themselves of the
#th fiff. ch. 18. benefit intended by the act, entitled, † An act to enable all
the religious denominations in this state, to appoint trustees, who shall be a body corporate, for the purpose of taking care of the temporalities of their respective congregations, and for other purpokes the rein mentioned; palied the 6th day of April, 1784; without departing from such usage which hath long been established, and hath always been approved of by the members of the said congregations. And whereas several of the said congregations hare, by their petitions to the legillature, prayed that they might be accommodated in this respect, and that the requisite alterations might be made in the faid act; Therefore,
I. Be it enabled by the people of the state of Neu-York, represented in fenate and assembly, and á is hereby enaĉica by the authority of ine fume, That the elders and deacons for the time being, and if there shall be a minister or minilters, then the minister or ministers, and elders and deacons for the time being (during the time there shall so be a minister or ministers) of every reformed protestant Dutch church or congregation, established or formed, or hereafter to be established or formed in this state, shall be trustees for their respective churches or congregations, and be respectively bodits corporate, to the same intents and purposes, and with the like powers and authorities, and capacities, and subject to the fame duties as are in and by the said act declared and enacted, with respect to trustees elected agreeable to the mode therein prescribed. That the said trustees so to be respective bodies corporate in virtue of this act, shall be respectively elected agreeable to the rules and usages of the reformed protestant Dutch churches within this fate. That it Thall be lawful for the elders and deacons, and where there shall be a minister or ministers, then for the minister or ininisters, and elders and deacons, of every reformed protestant Dutch church or congregation already formed or established, or hereafter to be formed or established within this .ftate, to assemble together as soon as they shall respectively deem it convenient; and to execute under their hands and feals
, a certificate, certifying the name, style or title, by which they the said trustees of such church or congregation, and their successors forever, Mall, as a body corporate by virtue of this act, be called, distinguished or known : And which certificate shall be proved or acknowledged and recorded, in like manner as is directed in and by the said act. And further, That it shall be lawful for the trustees of any such church or congregation elected in virtue of the said act, by writing under their hands and feals (to be proved or acknowledged, and recorded as aforefaid) to declare their will not to continue longer a body corporate; and from and immediately after the recording of such writing, such body corporate shall cease ; and all the estate, real or personal, held by them, shall pass to and be vested in the trustees of such church or congregation made a body corporate by virtue of this act.
Сн А Р. LXII.
Passed 7th March, 1788. WH HEREAS the laws of this state for the settlement and relief of the
poor, and for the removal of disorderly persons, have by experience, been found infufficient : For remedy whereof,
1. Be it enafled by the people of the state of New York, represented in ferrete and affembly, and it is hereby enaĉted by the authority of the fame, That every city and town shall support and maintain their own poor.
. And be it further enucled by the authority afurefriid, By what means any That every person who shall have come to inhabit in any legal fettlement in city or town within this state, and shall actually and bona
fide have rented and occupied a tenement of the yearly > value of twelve pounds or upwards, for two years, and actually paid such
rent; and every person who shall have come to inhabit in any city or town, within this state, and shall for himself, or on his own account, have executed any public annual office or charge in such city or town, during one whole year; or who shall have been charged with and paid his or her share towards the public taxes of such city or town, for the space of two years; and every perion who shall have been bound an apprentice or servant by indenture, or by any deed, contract or writing not indented, and shall, in consequence of such binding, have served a term not less than two years, in such city or town, shall be deemed and adjudged to have obtained a legal settlement in such city or town; and that all mariners coming into this state, and having no settlement in this state, or in any other of the United States of America; and every other healthy able-bodied person, coming directly from fome foreign port or place, into this state, shall be deemed and adjudged to be legally settled in the city or town in which he or she shall have first resided for the space of one year.
III. And be it further enačled by the authority aforesaid, That every bastard child, shall be deemed and adjudged to be fettled in the city or town of the Jait legal settlement of his or her mother.
IV. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, Purchase of any of: That no person or persons shall be deemed, adjudged or cerat:on than 3:l. siut taken to acquire or gain a settlement in any city or town to gaini a fetujement. within this state, for or by virtue of any purchase of any eflate or interest in such city or town, whereof the confideration for such purchase shall not amount to the sum of thirty pounds, bona fide paid, for any longer or further time than such person or persons shall inhabit in such eftate; and shall then be liable to be removed to the city or town where fuch perfon or persons were laft legally settled before the said purchase and inhabitancy therein.
V. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, Ano ftranger coming That if any person or persons, other than those herein begire nisice thereof so fore mentioned, coming into any city or town within this the pow, within turiy state, shall, within forty days after his, her or their coming days,
into such city or town, deliver a notice in writing, to any two overseers of the poor of such city or town into which he, she or they snall so come to reside, of the house or place of his, her or their abode, and the number and names of his, her or their family (if he, she or they shall have any) which notice, such overseers of the poor are liereby required to register, or to cause to be registered within forty-eight hours afrer the receipt thereof, in the book kept in such city or town for the accounts of the poor; and in cafe the overseers of the poor of such city or town), shall not, within twelve months after such notice, cause such person or persons to be removed out of such city or town, in the manner herein after mentioned; that then, and in such case, the person or persons fo giving notice as aforesaid, shall be deemed and adjudged to be legally settled in such city or town, to all intents and puryoles whatsoever.
VI. And be it further enabied by the authority aloresaid, That if any overfeer or overseers of the poor, shall refuse or neglect to register, or to caule to be registered, fuch notice in writing as aforesaid, in such time and manner as aforesaid, he or they shall, for every fuch refulal or neglect, forleit the fum of forty shillings, to the use of the party aggrieved; to be recovered with cotts of fuit, in any court having cognizance thereof.
VII. And be il fit ther enucted by the authoriy aforcuad, Overseers, when they. That if any overseer or overieers of the poor
any city will b: come a charge or town, shall have reason to believe that any firanger who to their tow to ap Thall have come to reside in such city or town, and who justices of
shall not have obtained a legal settleinent in such city or town, according to the true intent and meaning of this act, is likely to become chargeable to such city or town ; fuch overseer or overseers of the poor, shall and may apply to any two juftices of the peace of such city, or of the county in which such town shall lie, and inforun them thereof; and the said justices being so or otherwise informed, or seeing fuchttranger and suspecting him or her to be of intáfficient abilities, or likely to become a charge to such city or town, are hereby authorized and required to illue their warrant to a constable of such city or town, thereby commanding him to bring such ftranger before them the said jufices, at iuch time and place as they, in their faid warrant shall for that purpose appoint ; and they the said justices shall examine every stranger so brought before them, and any other person or persons, whom they may think neceffary, upon oath, relating to the abilities and last place of legal settlement of such stranger; and if upon such examination the said juflices shall find such stranger likely to become a charge to such city or town, they flxall order and direct such stran. ger, by a certain day by them to be prefixed, to remove to the place of his, her or their former lettlement ; and on negle&t or refusal to comply with the faid order, the faid justices shall issue a warrant under their hands and feals, directed to any constable of such city or town (who is hereby required and commanded to execute such warrant) thereby commanding him to convey or transport fuch stranger to the constable of the next city or town, througlı which such stranger shall have been suffered to wander and stroll unapprehended; and fo from constable to constable, or in such other manner, by the nearest and most convenient rout, as the faid justices shall think fit to direct, to the place of legal settlement of such stranger, if the same shall be within this state. And further, If such stranger hath no place of legal settlement within this state, or if the said justices shall not be able to dilcover where the last place of legal settlement of such stranger was, then the said justices shall, in their faid warrant, direct that he or she be conveyed and transported to the city or town from whence he or she lait came; and the conftable fo conveying fuch stranger shall deliver him or her, together with his warrant aforesaid, to or at the house of some consible of such city or town; which constable is hereby required to receive such tranger, and convey him or her to the next constable ; and fo from constable to conftable, or otherwise, as such justices shall direct as aforesaid, until such stranger iall be transported into some city or town within this state, where he or Me shall have come from or be legally settled in, or out of this late into the ftate from whence he or she came into this state, as the case may require.
VIII. And be it further enacted by the aui huri!y aforeluid, Any householder en- That if any householder or inhabitant of this state, Mail for tisteen days, wich- take into, receive or entertain, in his, ler or their dwelling,
out giving notice, to house, out-house or family, for the space of fifteen days, furteit forty thillings.
any person who hath not gained a settlement in fome city or town within this ftate, and shall not, within the time aforesiid, give notice in writing to one of the overseers of the poor of such city or town, of the name, quality, condition and circumstances of the person to entertained, according to the best knowledge of such householder or inhabitant; every such householder or inhabitant, so entertaining as a forefaid, Ihall, for every such offence, forfeit the sum of forty shillings; to be recovered with colis of fuit, before any court having cognizance thereof, by any person or persons who shall sue and prosecute for the same to effect; one half of which forfeiture, when recovered, to be paid to the overseers of the poor of fuch city or town; and the other half to the person or perions who shall sue for the same as aforesaid. And further, If the person fa entertained as aforesaid, Mall have remained in any city or town longer than the term of forty days, then, and in such case, it shall and may be lawful for any two justices of the peace of such city, or of the county in which such town shall lie, to cause such and so many of the householders or inhabitants of such city or town, who shall have só entertained such ftranger during the term of fifteen days, without giving information thereof as aforesaid, to be brought before thein the said justices; and such householders or inhabitants shall enter into bond to the overseers of the poor of such city or town for the time being, and their succeflors, in the sum of one hundred pounds ; conditioned, That such stranger shall not become a charge to such city or town. And in case any of the said persons, who Thall have entertained such itranger as aforesaid, being in the opinion of such juftices of the peace, of sufficient ability, shall retuie to become bound as aforesaid, it shall and may be lawful for the said justices of the peace, by warrant under their hands and feals, directed to any constable of fuch city or town, to cause fuch person or perfons fo refuting, to be committed to the common gaol of such city, or of the county in which such town shall lie; there to remain until he, me or they respectively fhall confent and become bound as aforesaid; and such bond shall not be avoided by plea of dutess. But if the person or persons so entertaining such strangers, Thall not, in the opinion of the said jultices of the peace, be of fufficient abilities to become bound as aforesaid ; or if the said justices shall not think fit to take such bond as aforesaid, then they shall cause such stranger to be conveyed from constable to constable, in manner aforesaid, until he or she shall be transported to the place of his or her last settlement, if within this state, or into any other of the United States, is from thence he or she came.
IX. And be it further enacted by the authority aforefaid, That every constable transporting any stranger or strangers, shall receive so much money for his or their services, as the supervisors of the city or county shall judge he reasonably deserved to have." And further, That the charges of every transportation shall be borne by the respective city or county, and be raised, levied, collected and paid in the same manner as other monies for the contingent charges of such city or county are raised, levied, collected and paid in such respective city or county.
X. And be it further enacted by the authorily aforesaid, That if any person so removed or transported as aforesaid, shall return into this state, or from the place of his or her legal settlement, to the city or town from whence he or she was so removed or transported as aforesaid, so as to be likely to become a burthen to fuch city or town aforesaid, such person fo retuining,