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JOURNAL

OF THE

STATISTICAL SOCIETY

Or

LONDON.

VOL. XV.

JOHN WILAN PARKEIM AND SON, 16, WAT STAND

LONDON:
JOHN WILLIAM PARKER AND SON, 445, WEST STRAND.

1852.

NOTICE.

The Council of the Statistical Society of London wish it to be under-
stood, that, while they consider it their duty to adopt every means
within their power to test the facts inserted in this Journal, they do
not hold themselves responsible for their accuracy, which must rest
upon the authority of the several Contributors.

LONDON: PRINTED BY HARRISON AND SON, ST. MARTIN'S LANE.

CONTENTS.

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Page

Statistics of the Farm School System of the Continent, and of its applicability

to the Preventive and Reformatory Education of Pauper and Criminal

Children in England. By JOSEPH FLETCHER, Esq., Barrister-at-Law,

Honorary Secretary....

History of Coffee. By John CRAWFORD, Esa.................

Taxation and Revenue of the Free City of Frankfort-on-the-Maine. By

LIEUT.-COLONEL W. H. SYKES, F.R.S. .....

Census of the United States of America, abridged from the Report of J. C. G.

Kennedy, the Superintendent of the Census, to the Hon. Alexander H. H. -

Stuart, Secretary of the Department of the Interior: dated Census Office,

Washington, December 1, 1851...,

...........

Miscellaneous

Eighteenth Annual Meeting of the Statistical Society of London.-Session

1852-3..

Mortality and Sickness of the Bombay Army, 1848-9. By LIEUT.-COLONEL

· W. H. SYKES, F.R.S.

................ 100

On Commercial Statistics, and an Attempt at a Universal Commercial Code.

By LEONE LEVI, Esa.

108

Statistics of the Attendance in Schools for Children of the Poorer Classes. By

Joseph FLETCHER, Esq.

115

On the Vital and Medical Statistics of Chittagong. By J. R. BEDFORD, Civil

Assistant-Surgeon ........

On the Immediate Effect produced on the Revenue by the Remission or Increase

of Taxes., Communicated by Dr. Guy ....

150

Influence of Elevation on the Fatality of Cholera. By WILLIAM Farr, Esq.,

F.S.S.

155

Miscellaneous ...........

................. 184

On the Rate of Mortality in the Medical Profession. By F. G. P. Neison, Esq. 193

On the Effect of the Remission of Taxes on the Revenue in the Thirty Years

from 1822 to 1851, inclusive. Communicated by Dr. Guy ................ 223

On the Population of the Colony of British Guiana, as enumerated on the

31st of March, 1851, being the substance of a Despatch from Governor

Barkley, presented to the Society by the Right Hon. EARL GREY, Her

Majesty's late Secretary of State for the Colonies................ ............... 228

OBJECTS AND PROGRESS

OF

THE STATISTICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON, .

12, ST. JAMES'S SQUARE.

Tae Statistical Society of London was founded on the 15th of March, 1834, in pursuance of a recommendation of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, for the purpose of collecting, arranging, and publishing facts calculated to illustrate the condition and prospects of society, and especially facts which can be stated numerically and arranged in tables. The collection of new statistical materials, it was contemplated, would form only one part of the Society's labours; the condensation, arrangement, and publication of those already existing, whether unpublished, or published only in an expensive or diffuse form, or in foreign languages, being a work of equal usefulness. It was also a prominent object of the Society to form a complete Statistical Library as rapidly as its funds would permit.

Such was the purport of the original prospectus; and now that the Society is in the eighteenth year of a prosperous existence, its Fellows have every reason to revert with satisfaction to this outline of its objects; for it is very seldom that the first designs of a public association for the advancement of science are all carried out with so much success as has attended upon those which that prospectus describes. The resources of the Society were, in the first instance, chiefly devoted, under the direction of its Committee, to the collection of new statistical information, and to this great purpose a part of its funds is still appropriated. Its monthly meetings have cultivated among its Fellows an active spirit of investigation, and brought out the valuable results of much individual labour. Its journal has fulfilled the purpose of condensation and publication; and the valuable . books and papers which have already been collected form a library of facts of no mean utility.

The Sixth Annual Report of the Society, which contains an elaborate description of the scope and system of its labours, divides Statistics into the following chief sections:

I. The Statistics of Physical Geography, Division, and Appropriation; or, geographical and proprietary Statistics.

II. The Statistics of Production; or, agricultural, mining, fishery, manufacturing, and commercial Statistics.

III. The Statistics of Instruction; or, ecclesiastical, scientific, literary, university, and school Statistics.

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