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effect of secession in Alabama, 14; decision of Judge

Henry, 14.

ALLEN, HENRY WATKINs.-Birth, 14; career, 14, 15; death,


Amalgamation.—Progress made in the art, 15; amalgama-

tion of gold from quartz, 15; improvements in details,

15; loss of gold, 15; discovery of Professor Wurtz, 15;

statement of Professor Silliman, 15, 16; principles of the

discovery, 16; practical results of using sodium, 16;

state of the gold ores in pyrites, 16; their amalgamation,

16; effects of the great improvements in desulphurizing

pyrites, 17; amalgamation of silver ores, 17; necessity

of roasting the ore, 17; the chemicals used in the mills

in Nevada, 18; the process of amalgamation, 18; Hep-

burn pan, 18; description, 18; processes in Hungary, 18.

America.-Reconstruction in the United States, 19; consed-

eration scheme in British America, 19; war in Mexico,

19; war of Chili and Peru against Spain, 19; between

Paraguay and Brazil, 10; population, 19.

Anglican Churches.—Statistics of the Protestant Episcopal
Church, 19, 20; movement for a reunion of Southern dio-

ceses, 20; annual meeting of the Board of Missions, 20;

agitation in the Church of England, 21; Colenso case,

21; convocation of Canterbury, 21; questions consid-

ered, 21,22; ritualism, 22; proceedings, 22; opposition of

the Archbishop of Canterbury, 23; memcrial of friends

of ritualism, 23; monastery of the “English Order of

St. Benedict,” 23; efforts for closer union, 23; corre-

spondence with Cardinal Patrizi,23; Eastern Church As-

sociation, 24; arrival of an Eastern bishop in England,

24; increase of the number of bishops, 24; English

Church Society, 24; united Church of England and Ire-

land, 24.

Anhalt.—Area, 25; population, 25; capital, 25.

ANTHoNY, HENRY B., Senator from Rhode Island, 124; on

the appointment of a reconstruction committee, 183,

184; offers a resolution, 140.

Argentine Republic.—Government, 25; area, 25; popula-

tion, 25; war with Paraguay, 25; progress of the repub-

lic, 25; convention to reform'the constitution, 25; wool-

clip, 26; finances, 26; immigration, 26; consequences,


Arkansas.-Election, 26; votes, 26; who were voters, 26;

meeting of the Legislature, 26; its acts, 26; approval of

President Johnson, 26; sympathy for Jefferson Davis,

27; action relative to the amendment of the Federal

Constitution, 27; views of the amendment, 27; public

sentiment, 27; views of the Legislature on the action of

the State in her legislative eapacity during the war, 28°

reports of committee on the subject, 28; election of Sen. ator, 29; public schools, 29; debt, 29; resources, 29; social condition of the people, 29. Armenian Churches.—See Eastern Churches. Army of the United States.—Troops in service, 80; progress of disbanding, 30; measures of Congress regulating the military establishment, 30; letter of General Grant relative to the army bills before Congress, 30; action of Congress, 31; the military establishment of the country as reorganized, 82; commanding officers of the new regiments of cavalry, infantry, and reserve corps, 82; designations of regiments, 82;-military departments of the country, 83; assignment of the military bands, 34; lieutenant-generalship, 34; movements of troops, 84; estimates of expenditures, 84; appropriations, 85; bounty to volunteers, 35; grand aggregate of individuals on the pension roll,85; report of Commissioner of Pensions,85; Bureau of Military Justice, 86; Quartermaster's Department, 36; Subsistence Department,36; Medical Department, 36; distribution of artificial limbs, 37; cemeteries, 87; sanitary measures, 37; engineer corps, 37; ordnance department, 37; supplies during the war, 37; breechloading muskets, 38; cannon, endurance of 38; stock of war equipage, 38; West Point Academy, 89; a board to report on infantry tactics, 39; system of General Upton, 39. ..sinley, JAMEs M.–Representative from Ohio, 124; offers a bill, 143; offers a resolution on protecting freedmen, 182. ..Asia-Progress of the Russians in Central Asia, 89; move

ments in China, 39; relations of Japan to foreigners, 40;

British India, 40; area and population of countries in Asia, 40. Astronomical Phenomena and Progress.-Progress in 1866, 40; the temporary or variable star in Corona, 40; eccentricity of the earth's orbit and its relations to glacial epochs, 42; sun-spots, 42; spectra of some of the fixed stars, the moon, and the planets, 43; comets, 48; influence of the tidal wave on the moon's motion, 44; zodiacal light, 44; nebulae, 44; the force which prolongs the heat and light of the sun and other fixed stars, 45; asteroids, 46; astro-photometer, 46; works and memoirs, 46. Austria.-Government, 46; loss of territory, 46; population, 46; receipts, 46; army, 47; navy, 47; relations with Prussia, 47; correspondence, 47; negotiations, 47; excitement in the German provinces, 47; relations with Italy, 48; new ministry, 48; its aim, 48; speech of the foreign minister, 48; reorganization of the army needed, 48; attempt to assassinate the emperor, 48; difficulties with Hungary, 48; Poles of Galicia, 49. Azeglio, MAssimo T.-Birth, 49; career, 49; death, 49.

Baden.—Government, 50; area, 50; population, 50; finances, 50. BADGER, GEongr. E.-Birth, 50; career, 50; death, 50. BAKER, Jon N.—Representative from Illinois, 124; offers a resolution, 141. BALL, DYER.—Birth, 51; pursuits, 51; death, 51. BAxcroft, GEorge.—Delivers an oration on the anniversary of Lincoln's death, 237. Banks.-The new system, 51; number of banks, 51; increase of circulation, 51; liabilities, 52; assets, 53; national banks and State banks, 54; quarterly reports of associations, 54; European bank movement, 55; bank of France, liabilities and assets of, 55. Baptists—Regular Baptists, 56; numbers, 56; Missionary Union, 56; Publication Society, 56; Home Mission So

ciety, 56; American and Foreign Bible Society, 37; Free Mission Society, 57: Historical Society, 57; French Missionary Society, 57; Southern Baptist Connection, 57; Campbellites, 57; Free-Will Baptists, 57; SeventhDay Baptists, 58; Tunkers, 58; other denominations, 58; churches in Great Britain, 58; d.o. on the Continent, 59; do. in Asia, 59. Bavaria—Government, 59; area, 59; army, 50; war in Ger. many, 59. BEAUMoxT, DE LA BoxNIERE.-Birth, 59; career, 5%; death, 59. BEck, CHARLEs.-Birth, 59; pursuits, 59; death, ù. Belgium.—Government, 60; area, 60; finances, 5); comerce,00; action of Legislative Chambers, 60; difficulty with Holland, 60. BINGHAM, Jon N A.—Representative.from Ohio, 124; offs joint resolutions for an amendment of the Constitution, 181; on representation and taxation, 147; reports from joint committee, 182; offers a resolution, etc.155; tı. admission of Tennessee members, 223. BLUNT, EDMUND.—Birth, 60; pursuits, 60; death, so, Bolivia.-Population, 61; army, 61; civil war, $1; protests against the alliance of Brazil, Uruguay, etc.,61; dispute with Chili, 61. Bone-Black-Nature, 62; modes of reburning, 62; Lophy and Cuisinier's process with steam, 63; Beane's process, 63; disposition of refuse bone-black, 64. Boubnox, MARIE AMELIE.—Birth, 64; career, 64; death, to Boutwell, GEorge G.-Representative from Massachusetts, 124; against admission of Tennessee members, 223. Boy NTox, C. B.-Elected chaplain of the House, 13. BRAINARD, Thomas-Birth, 65; pursuits, 65; death, 65. BRANDE, WILLIAM T.—Birth, 65; pursuits, 66; death, to Brazil—Government, 66; ministry, 66; American minister, 66; army, £6; navy, 66; commerce, 66; area, so; solation, 66; liberation of slaves, 66; decree opening the Amazon River to foreign bottoms, 66; the Amara country, 67; proceedings of Parliament, 67; immigro tion, 67. Bremen.—City, 68; area, 68; population, BS; commereo, to Bridges.—Hudson Iriver at Albany, 6S; Cincinnatistspotsion, 69; Connecticut River, 69; Susquehanna bridge, 70; illustrations, 71, 72. British North America.-Government, 73; Cabinet, so reciprocity treaty with the United States, 78; conset. ence, 73; American propositions, 78; fisheries, 74; mem. orandum of delegates, 74; report to the British ministe, 74; Canadian trade with the West Indies and negotiations, 75; Fenian disturbances, 75; Canadian Po liament,76; address of the Governor-General,76;so of Lord Monck, 76; confederation, 77; annexation to the United States, 77; action of the United States Cono on relations with Canada, 77; Red River settlemento copper mines, 78; gold mines, 79; coal-fields, 80; or merce, so; imports into Canada for the fiscal year ek ing June, 1866, S1; exports do., S1; imports and export of eastern provinces, s2; product of the fisheries o act for the union of 657. Brooks, JAMEs.-Representative from New York, 134; * admission of representatives of Southern States, loo representation and taxation, 146. Baoow ALL, John M.–Representative from Pennsylvano 124; offers a resolution to change the basis of reso sentation in Congress, 130; offers a resolution on to struction, 144. BrowN, B. GRATz.—Senator from Missouri, 124; offers” lution relative to equal suffrage, etc., 140. Buck ALEw, Charles R.—Senator from Pennsylvania.” on the basis of representation, 152; offers an amendo" to committee's proposition, 189.

BURGEss, GEorge.—Birth, 82; education, 82; pursuits, 82; death, 82.

Burmah. —Situation, 83; population, 83; composed of kingdoms, 83; government, 83; wild tribes, 83; assassinations, S3; proceedings of conspirators, 83; revolution suppressed, 83.

BLRTox, WARNER.—Birth, S4; pursuits, 84; death, 84.

C California.-Area, 84; population, 84; Government, 84; mining product, 84; exportation of copper ores, 84; quicksilver mines, 84; product and export of 85; agriculture, 85; culture of the vine, 85; wheat product, 85; silk culture, 85; manufactures, 85; commerce of the State, 86; Central Pacific Railroad, 86; educational system, 86. CAMPBELL, ALExANDER.—Birth, 87; pursuits, 87; death, 87. Candia (or Crete).-Area, 87; population, 87; insurrection, 87; its causes, 87; proceedings, 87; proclamation of the governor, 87; reply of the Cretan Assembly, 87; charac" ter of the contest now assumed, 88; appeals to foreign Governments for intercession, 88; declaration of independence, S8; military movements of the Turkish Government, 88; proclamations, 89; capture of the monastery of Arkadi, 89; details, 89; losses, 89; another proclamation of the Cretan Assembly, 90; action of Turkish Government, 90; sympathy of Greece, 90; ditto Russia, 90. Cass, Lewis—Birth, 90; public career, 91; death, 92. Cattle Plague.—Its appearance in Europe, 93; extent of its ravages in Great Britain, 93; diseases in the Western States, 93.

Central America.-How composed, 93. Guatemala: gov-

ernment of 93; area, 93; divisions of the country, 98; debt,93; commerce, 93. San Salvador: government, 93; area and population, 94; receipts and expenditures, 94; commerce, 94. Honduras: government, 94; area and population,94; commerce, 94. Nicaragua: government, 94; area and population, 94; departments, 94. Costa Rica: arca and population, 94; increase, 94. CesARINI, SronzA.—Birth, 94; pursuits, 94; death, 94. CHANLER, Joms W.-Representative from New York, 124; offers a resolution, 238. CHAs E, S.P.-Chief Justice United States, 514; on the trial of Jefferson Davis, 514. Chemistry.—Progress of the year, 94; new elements, 94; a single primary element, 95; new class of compound metallic radicals, 95; a new alcohol, 95; ozone, 96; isomerism, 96; source of muscular power, 96; the sulphides, 97; some properties of the chloride of sulphur, 98; bichloride of carbon, 98; new variety of phosphorus, 98; natural and artificial production of the diamond, 98; ammonium amalgam, 99; new aniline colors, 99; detection of chloride, etc., by means of the spectroscope, 99; 1ime crucibles for great heats, 100; works and papers on chemical subjects, 100. Thili.-Government, 100; finances, 100; army, 100; debt, 100; fleet, 100; population, 100; blockade of the Spaniards, 100; treaty with Peru, 101; bombardment of Walparaiso threatened, 101; negotiations, 101; manifesto of the Spanish admiral, 102; action of foreign residents, 102; failure of efforts for peaceful adjustment, 103; protest, "103; the bombardment, 104; report of Com. Rodgers, 104; losses, 104; manifesto of the consuls, 104; blockade raised, 105; Spanish subjects ordered to leave, 105; election of President, 105. China.-Aroa, 105; population, 105; army, 105; relations with foreign countries, 105; imports and exports, 106; treaty

with Belgium, 106; convention with British and French ministers, 106; steamship line from San Francisco, 106; trade, 106; native traders, 106; piracy in Chinese waters, 106; progress of missions in China, 107. Cholera, Asiatic.—Appearance in the United States, 107; results of the International Cholera Conference at Constantinople, 107-108; results on the subject of quarantine, 100; the epidemic in Europe, 109; fatal results, 109; and cases in New York, 109; arrival of vessels with cholera cases, 110; its course in New York, 111; ditto Brooklyn and other cities, 111; knowledge of the treatment not greatly advanced, 111. Christian Connection.—Numbers, 111; Convention, 111; conferences represented, 111; report on the state of the country, 1.12; platform of the denomination, 1.12; Southern Christian Convention, 112. Church of God.—A denomination, when organized, 112; their belief. 112; the church, how divided. 112; meeting of delegates, 112; letter from Texas, 112; Periodicals, 118. CLARK, DANIEL.—Senator from New Hampshire, 124; offers amendments, 189; on the bill to relieve officers, 219; on Stockton's right to his seat, 227 ; on the bill for the election of Senators, 231. CLAY, CLEMENT C.—Birth, 118; pursuits, 113; death, 113. CLEVELAND, ELISIIA Lord.—Birth, 113; pursuits, 113; death, 113. CoLFAx, Schuyler.—Representative from Indiana, 124; chosen Speaker, 127; address, 127; oath, 127. Colombia, United States of.-Government, 114; finances, 114; claims of territory, 114; commerce, 114; resignation of the President, 114; difficulty with the United States Minister, 114; decree concerning the Panama Railroad, 114; Colombian Congress, 114. Colorado.—Failure of the bill for admission to pass Congress, 114; objection, 114; veto, 115; election for delegate, 115; capital, 115; mining interests, 115; views of the Governor, 115; population, 115; activity of its friends for admission as a State, 116; area of the State, 116; mining product, 116; copper and silver, 116; iron, 117; specimens of silver ore, 117; agriculture, 117; Memorial relative to the admission of 231. Commerce of the United States.—Errors in statement of imports, 117; bonds held in Europe, 117; imports of 1866, 118; exports from New York during each month of the year, 118; do. for six years, 118; exports of specle, 118; balance of trade against us, 118; cause of large importations, 118; exports from New York, exclusive of specie, 119; foreign imports, 119; do. at New York for a series of years, 110; receipts for customs at New York, 119; arrivals of vessels, 120; do. coastwise, 120; tonnage of the New York canals, 120; value, 120; movement of freight, 120; tonnage arriving at tide-water, 120; specie value of imports and exports in the last six months of 1866, 120; results, 121; specie value of exports and imports for a series of years, 122; value of produce received at New Orleans for a series of years, 122. Congregationalists.-Number of churches, 122; location, 122; pastors in British America, 128; total membership of the churches, 123; benevolent contributions, 123: Southern missions, 123; Congregationalism in England, 123. Congress, U. S.—When convened, 124; in the Senate, credentials of John P. Stockton presented, 124; protest made, 124; resolutions declaratory of the adoption of the Constitutional Amendment, 125; resolutions declaratory of the duty of Congress in respect to the guaranties of the national security and the national faith in the Southern States, 125; do. declaratory of the duty of

Congress in respect to the loyal citizens in Southern States, 125. In the House, motion to elect a Speaker, 126; first settle who are members of the House, 126; if Tennessee is not in the Union and its people aliens, by what right does the President hold his seat? 126; reasons of the Clerk for omitting certain States, 126; Louisiana representatives, 126; Schuyler Colfax chosen Speaker, 127; his speech, 127; takes the oath, 127. Motion for a joint committee of fifteen, 128; adopted, 128. In the Senate, credentials of Mississippi Senators presented, 128; resolutions of the Vermont Legislature on reconstruction of Southern States, 128. In the House, election of Chaplain, 128; C. B. Boynton nominated, 128; his qualifications, 128; Thos. H. Stockton nominated, 128; his qualifications, 128; Chas. B. Parsons nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; L. C. Matlock nominated, 129; his qualifications, 120; Thos. H. Stockton's nomination seconded, 129; James Presley nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; James G. Butler nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; J. H. C. Bouté nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; B. H. Nadal nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; John W. Jackson nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; John Chambers nominated, 130; his qualifications, 180; Gen. Grant suggested, 130; election of C. B. Boynton, 180. Resolution relative to repudiation of the public debt, 130; adopted, 130. Resolutions on amendments to the Constitution, 180; read and referred, 130; resolution to base representation on the number of electors instead of population, 130. Resolutions relative to amendments of the Constitution, 181; do. on the origin of powers of government, taxation, color, and mercy to enemies, 131. In the Senate, resolution calling upon the President for information respecting the Southern States, 131; his reply, 181; report of Gen. Grant, 182; call for Gen. Schurz's report, 133; discussion, 133. In the House, resolution to admit Southern representatives to the floor pending the question of their admission, 133; d.o. calling for information relative to a decree of peonage in Mexico, 183. In the Senate, a resolution for a joint committee of fifteen on reconstruction, 183; amendment to refer all papers to said committee, 133; the House resolution is a pledge to each House not to readmit Southern States until a report has been made, 134; present position of those States, 134; not to-day loyal States, 134; the purpose for both Houses, 134; construction of the resolution, 134; all these questions should be referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, 135; it is constituted to consider such questions, 135; the Senate does not stand on an equality with the House in the proposed committee, 135; the resolution reaches beyond the power of the present Congress, 135; suppose this provision had been in the resolution to raise the Committee on the Conduct of the War, 135; the two Houses under the Constitution, 185; the resolution takes from the Senate all power to act until a report is made, 136; it excludes eleven States of the Union, 186; status of the States, 186; the disorganization did not destroy States, 186; important to have a committee, 136; the committee could accomplish all with reference of credentials or change in the order of business, 137; the admission of Senators is not involved in this question, 137; many things been done for which there was no authority, 187; what determines the rights of States to be represented here, 188; resolution adopted after the battle of Manassas, 138; shall a report of a joint committee of the two Houses override a fundamental

law of the land? 138; this subject belongs exclusively to the Senate, 138; what is the resolution: 138; State organizations in certain States of the Union have been usurped and overthrown, 138; amendment offered, 189: the committee can give us no information which we do not now possess, 139; duty of the President, 139; what has he done? 139; amendment rejected, 139; resolution adopted, 139; the resolution, 139; considered in the House, 139; does it not conflict with the seventh section of the first article of the Constitution, 140; committee appointed, 140; reference of all papers to committee, 140; authority to send for persons and papers granted, 140. In the Senate, instructions to the reconstruction committee, 140. In the House, resolutions relative to class rule onl aristocracy as a privileged power, 141. In the House, reference of President's message, 141; first duty of Congress to pass a law declaring the condition of these outside or defunct States, and providing proper civil governments for them, 141; never should be reorganized as in the Union until the Constitution has been so amended as to secure perpetual ascendency to the Union party, 141; representation from these States, 141; duty on exports,141; Congressis bound to providesar the emancipated slaves until they can take care of them. selves, 142; two things of vital importance, 142; a white man's government, 142; this Congress should set theseil of reprobation upon such a doctrine, 142; this is tota white man's government, 142. In the House, a resolution relative to the debt of the late Confederacy, 143. Do. for an equitable division of arms among the Northern States, 148. Do. relative to the extension of the elective franchise in States, 143. A bill to enable syal citizens in Southern States to form a constitution and State government, 143. Amendment to the Constitution relative to the Cofederate debt, reported from the Judiciary Committee, 143; action of the House, 143–144. Resolution relative to retaining the military force of the Government in the Southern States, 144; passed, 44. ! Do. on the legitimate consequences of the war, 14. Do. on the President's Message, and the principles therein advocated, 144; referred to the Joint Committee, 145. Do, on the support of the measures of the President by the House, 145. Do. on the proper requirements to be secured from the Southern States on establishing Federal relations with them, 145. Do. on the grants of powers under the Constitution, etc., 145. A joint resolution from the Reconstruction Committee relative to representation and taxation, 146; purposes to change the basis of representation to a representation upon all persons, provided where a State excludes a particular class, it shall not be to titled to representation for that class, 146; its adoption would prevent qualified suffrage to colored people. 146; many reasons for its commendation, 146; these propositions introduced only for the purpose of agits. tion, 146; objections to the resolution, 146; amond. ment offered, 147; the question towers above all Part? consideration, 147; this action is proposed on the Prio ciple that the Southern States are subjugated, 147; the principle examined, 147; resolution recommitted 15; reported back amended, 147; adopted, 14S.

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