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INDEX OF CONTENTS.
tral Soudan, 6; of Western Soudan, 6; equatorial terri- Anglican Churches.-Statistics of the Protestant Episcopal
Church, 19, 20; movement for a reunion of Southern dio-
reports of committee on the subject, 28; election of Sen. ciety, 56; American and Foreign Bible Soriety, 57; ator, 29; public schools, 29; debt, 29; resources, 29; 60 Free Mission Society, 57: Historical Society, 57; French cial condition of the people, 29.
Missionary Society, 57; Southern Baptist Connection, Arnenian Churches.See Eastern Churches.
57; Campbellites, 57 ; Free-Will Baptists, 57; SeventhArmy of the United States.-Troops in service, 30; progress Day Baptists, 58; Tunkers, 58 ; other denominations,
of disbanding, 30; measures of Congress regulating the 58; churches in Great Britain, 58; do. on the Continent, military establishment, 30; letter of General Grant rela 59; do. in Asia, 59. tive to the army bills before Congress, 30; action of Con- Bavaria-Government, 59 ; aren, 59; army, 50; var in Gergress, 31; the military establishment of the country as
many, 59. reorganized, 82; commanding oficers of the new regi- BEAUMONT, DE LA BONNIERE. - Birth, 59; career, 59; death, ments of cavalry, infantry, and reserve corps, 32; desig 59. nations of regiments, 32 ;- military departments of the BECK, CHARLES.-Birth, 59; pursuits, 59; death, ed. country, 33; assignment of the military bands, 34; lieu- Belgium.-Government, 60; area, 60; finances, 60; com tenant-generalship, 34; movements of troops, 34; esti merce, 00; action of Legislative Chambers, 60; difficulty matcs of expenditures, 84; appropriations, 35; bounty with Holland, 6o. to volunteers, 35; grand aggregate of individuals on the BINGHAM, JOHN A.- Representative from Ohio, 124; ofers pension roll, 85; report of Commissioner of Pensions, 35; joint resolutions for an amendment of the Constitution, Bureau of Military Justice, 36; Quartermaster's Depart 131; on representation and taxation, 147; reports from ment, 36; Subsistence Department, 36; Medical Depart joint committee, 182; offers a resolution, etc., 180; en ment, 86; distribution of artificial limbs, 87; cemeteries, admission of Tennessee members, 223. 87; sanitary measures, 87; engineer corps, 37; ordnance BLUNT, EDMUND.-Birth, 60; pursuits, 60; death, 6. department, 37; supplies during the war, 37; breech- Bolivia.—Population, 61 ; army, 61; civil war, 61; protests loading muskets, 38; cannon, endurance of, 33; stock of against the alliance of Brazil, Cruguay, etc., 61; dispute war equipage, 88; West Point Academy, 39; a board to with Chill, 61. report on infantry tactics, 89; system of General Upton, Bone-Black.–Nature, 62; nodes of reburning, 62; Leplay 39.
and Cuisinier's process with steam, 63; Beane's pretta, SILEY, JAMES M.-Representative from Ohio, 124; offers a 68; disposition of refuse bone-black, 64.
bill, 143 ; offers a resolution on protecting freedmen, 182. BOURBON, MARIE AMÉLIE-Birth, 64; career, 64; death, 6ă. Asia.- Progress of the Russians in Central Asia, 39; move BOTTWELL, GEORGE G.-Representative from Massashusetts
ments in China, 39; relations of Japan to foreigners, 40; * 124; against admission of Tennessee members, 223. British India, 40; area and population of countries in BOYNTON, C. B.-Elected chaplain of the House, 130. Asia, 40.
BRAINARD, THOMAS.--Birth, 65; pursuits, 65; death, a. Astronomical Phenomena and Progress.-- Progress in BRANDE, WILLIAM T.-Birth, 65; pursuits, 68; death, ei
1866, 40; the temporary or variable star in Corona, 40; Brazil-Government, 66; ministry, 66; American minister, eccentricity of the earth's orbit and its relations to gla 66; army, 66; navy, 66; commerce, 65; ares, 66; peyacial epochs, 42; sun-spots, 42; spectra of some of the lation, 66; liberation of slaves, 66; decree opening the fixed stars, the moon, and the planets, 43; comets, 43; Amazon River to foreign bottoms, 66; the Amazon influence of the tidal wave on the moon's motion, 44; country, 67; proceedings of Parliament, 67; immigzodiacal light, 44; nebulæ, 44; the force which prolongs
tion, 67. the heat and light of the sun and other fixed stars, 45; Bremen.-City, 6s; area, 68; populatioa, 6s; commere, és asteroids, 46; astro-photometer, 46; works and memoirs, Bridges.- Hudson River at Albany, 68; Cincinnati stepen46.
sion, 69; Connecticut River, 69; Susquehanna bridge Austria.-Government, 46; loss of territory, 46; population, 70; illustrations, 71, 72.
46; receipts, 46; army, 47; navy, 47; relations with British North America.-Government, 73; Cabinet, 73; Prussia, 47; correspondence, 47; negotiations, 47; ex reciprocity treaty with the United States, 73; confercitement in the German provinces, 47; relations with ence, 73; American propositions, 73; fisheries, 74; meziItaly, 48; new ministry, 48; its aim, 48; speech of the orandum of delegates, 74; report to the British minista, foreign minister, 48; reorganization of the army needed, 74; Canadian trade with the West Indies and Brazil, 73; 48; attempt to assassinate the emperor, 48; difficulties negotiations, 75; Fenian disturbances, 75; Canadian Parwith Hungary, 48; Poles of Galicia, 49.
liament, 76; address of the Governor-General, 76; speech Azrelio, Massimo T.-Birth, 49; career, 49; death, 49. of Lord Monck, 76; confederation, 77; annexation to the
United States, 77; action of the Cnited States Context on relations with Canada, 57; Red River settlement, is; copper mines, 78; gold mines, T9; coal-fields, 60; c
merce, 80; imports into Canada for the fiscal yes el Baden.-Goveroment, 50; area, 50; population, 50; finances, ing June, 1966, $1; exports do., 81; imports and experts 50.
of eastern provinces, $2; product of the fisheries, s; BADGER, GEORGE E.--Birth, 50; career, 50; death, 50.
act for the union of, 657. BAKER, Jonx.-Representative from Illinois, 124; offers a BROOKS, JAMES.--Representative from New York, 194; en resolution, 141.
admission of representatives of Southern States, 126; eBALL, DYER.–Birth, 51; pursuits, 51 ; death, 51.
representation and taxation, 116. BANCROFT, GEORGE.—Delivers an oration on the anniversary BROOMALL, Joun M.-Representative from Pennsylvant, of Lincoln's death, 237.
124; offers a resolation to change the basis of report Banks. The new system, 51; number of banks, 51; increase sentation in Congress, 180; offers a resolution on recon
of circulation, 51; liabilities, 52; assets, 53; national struction, 144. banks and State banks, 54; quarterly reports of associa- Brown, B. GRATZ.-Senator from Missouri, 194; offers resstions, 54; European bank movement, 65; bank of lution relative to equal suffrage, etc., 140. France, liabilities and assets of, 55.
BUCKALEW, CHARLES R.-Senator from Pennsylvania, 194; Baptists.- Regular Baptists, 56; numbers, 56; Missionary on the basis of representation, 152; offers an amendment
Union, 56; Publication Society, 56; Home Mission So to committee's proposition, 189.
BURGESS, GEORGE.-Birth, 82; education, $2; pursuits, 82; with Belgium, 106; convention with British and French death, 82.
ministers, 106; steamship line from San Francisco, 106; Durmah.-Situation, 83; population, 88; composed of king. trade, 106; native traders, 106; piracy in Chinese waters,
doms, 83; government, 83; wild tribes, 83; assassina 106; progress of missions in China, 107.
sults of the International Cholera Conference at ConstanBreton, WARNER.—Birth, 84; pursuits, 84; death, 84.
tinople, 107–108; results on the subject of quarantine,
and other cities, 111; knowledge of the treatment not California.--Area, 84; population, 84; Government, 84; greatly advanced, 111.
mining product, 84; exportation of copper ores, 84; Christian Connection.-Numbers, 111; Convention, 111;
their belief, 112; the church, how divided, 112; meeting CAMPBELL, ALEXANDER.--Birth, 87; pursuits, 87; death, 87. of delegates, 112; letter from Texas, 112; Periodicals, Candia (or Crete).--Area, 87; population, 87; insurrection, 113.
87; its causes, 87; proceedings, 87; proclamation of the CLARK, DANIEL-Senator from New Hampshire, 124; offers
Colombia, United States of.-Government, 114; finances,
114; claims of territory, 114; commerce, 114; resignation Cattle Plague.-Its appearance in Europe, 93; extent of its of the President, 114; difficulty with the United States
ravages in Great Britain, 93; diseases in the Western Minister, 114; decree concerning the Panama Railroad, States, 93.
114; Colombian Congress, 114. Central America.—How composed, 93. Guatemala: gove. Colorado.--Failure of the bill for admission to pass Con
ernment of, 93; area, 93; divisions of the country, 93; gress, 114; objection, 114; veto, 115; election for delegate, debt, 93; commerce, 93. San Salvador: government, 93 ; 115; capital, 115; mining interests, 115; views of the area and population, 94; receipts and expenditures, 94; Governor, 115; population, 115; activity of its friends for commerce, 94. Honduras: government, 94; area and admission as a State, 116; area of the State, 116; mining population, 94; commerce, 94. Nicaragua: government, product, 116; copper and silver, 116; iron, 117; speci94; area and population, 94; departments, 94. Costa mens of silver ore, 117; agriculture, 117; Memorial relaRica: arca and population, 94; increase, 94.
tive to the admission of, 231. CESARINI, Srorza.--Birth, 94; pursuits, 94; death, 94. Commerce of the United States.--Errors in statement of CHANLER, JOHN W.-Representative from New York, 124; imports, 117; bonds held in Europe, 117; imports of offers a resolution, 288.
1866, 118; exports from New York daring each month CHASE, S. P.-Chief Justice United States, 514; on the trial of the year, 118; do. for six years, 118; exports of speof Jefferson Davis, 514,
cie, 118; balance of trade against us, 118; cause of large Chemistry.- Progress of the year, 94; new elements, 94; a importations, 118; exports from New York, exclusiva
single primary element, 95; new class of compound me of specie, 119; foreign imports, 119; do, at New York tallic radicals, 95; a new alcohol, 95; ozone, 96; isom for a series of years, 119; receipts for customs at New erism, 96; source of muscular power, 96; the sulphides, York, 119; arrivals of vessels, 120; do. coastwise, 120 ; 97; some properties of the chloride of sulphur, 98; bi tonnage of the New York canals, 120; value, 120; movechloride of carbon, 98; new variety of phosphorus, 98; ment of freight, 120; tonnage arriving at tide-water, natural and artificial production of the diamond, 98; 120; specie value of imports and exports in the last six ammonium amalgam, 99; new aniline colors, 99; de months of 1866, 120; results, 121; specie value of extection of chloride, etc., by means of the spectroscope, 99 ; ports and imports for a series of years, 122; value of lime crucibles for great heats, 100; works and papers on produce received at New Orleans for a series of years, chemical subjects, 100,
122. Chili.—Government, 100; finances, 100; army, 100; debt, Congregationalists.-Number of churches, 122; location,
100; fleet, 100; population, 100; blockade of the Span 122; pastors in British America, 123; total membership iards, 100; treaty with Peru, 101; bombardment of Val of the churches, 123; benevolent contributions, 123; paraiso threatened, 101; negotiations, 101; manifesto of Southern missions, 123; Congregatiocalism in England, the Spanish admiral, 102; action of foreign residents, 102;
123. failure of efforts for peaceful adjustment, 103 ; protest, Congress, U. &.—When convened, 124; in the Senate, cre*103; the bombardment, 104; report of Com. Rodgers, dentials of John P. Stockton presented, 124; protest 104; losses, 104; manifesto of the consuls, 104; blockade made, 124; resolutions declaratory of the adoption of raised, 105; Spanish subjects ordered to leave, 105; elec the Constitutional Amendment, 125; resolutions declartion of President, 105.
atory of the duty of Congress in respect to the guaran. China.-Aroa, 105; population, 105; army, 105; relations with ties of the national security and the national faith in the
foreign countries, 105; imports and exports, 106; treaty Southern States, 125; do. declaratory of the duty or
Congress in respect to the loyal citizens in Southern States, 125.
In the House, motion to elect a Speaker, 126; first Bettle who are members of the House, 126; if Tennessee is not in the Union and its people aliens, by what right does the President hold his seat? 126; reasons of the Clerk for omitting certain States, 126; Louisiana representatives, 126; Schuyler Colfax chosen Speaker, 127; his speech, 127; takes the oath, 127.
Motion for a joint committee of fifteen, 128; adopted, 128.
In the Senate, credentials of Mississippi Senators presented, 128; resolutions of the Vermont Legislature on reconstruction of Southern States, 128.
In the House, election of Chaplain, 128; C. B. Boynton nominated, 128; his qualifications, 128; Thos. H. Stockton nominated, 128; his qualifications, 128; Chus. B. Parsons nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; L C. Matlock nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; Thos. H. Stockton's nomination seconded, 129; James Presley nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; James G. Butler nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; J. H. C. Bouté nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; B. H. Nadal nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; John W. Jackson nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; John Chambers nominated, 130; his qualifications, 180; Gen. Grant suggested, 130; election of C. B. Boynton, 180.
Resolution relative to repudiation of the public debt, 180; adopted, 130.
Resolutions on amendments to the Constitution, 180; read and referred, 180; resolution to base representation on the number of electors instead of population, 130.
Resolutions relative to amendments of the Constitution, 131; do, on the origin of powers of government, taxation, color, and mercy to enemies, 131.
In the Senate, resolution calling upon the President for information respecting the Southern States, 181; his reply, 181; report of Gen. Grant, 182; call for Gen. Schurz's report, 183; discussion, 183.
In the House, resolution to admit Southern representatives to the floor pending the question of their admission, 183; do. calling for information relative to a decreo of peonage in Mexico, 133.
In the Senate, a resolution for a joint committee of Afteen on reconstruction, 183; amendment to refer all papers to said committee, 133; the House resolution is a pledge to each House not to readmit Southern States until a report has been made, 134; present position of those States, 184; not to-day loyal States, 134; the purpose for both Houses, 134; construction of the resolution, 184; all these questions should be referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, 135; it is constituted to consider such questions, 135; the Senate does not stand on an equality with the House in the proposed committee, 135; the resolution reaches beyond the power of the present Congress, 185; suppose this provision had been in the resolution to raise the Committee on the Conduct of the War, 135; the two Houses under the Constitution, 185; the resolution takes from the Senate all power to act until a report is made, 136; it excludes eleven States of the Union, 136; status of the States, 186; the disorganization did not destroy States, 186; important to have a committee, 136; the committee could accomplish all with reference of credentials or change in the order of business, 187; the animission of Senators is not involved in this question, 137; many things been done for which there was no authority, 137; what determines the rights of States to be represented here, 138; resolution adopted after the battle of Manassas, 138; shall a report of a joint committee of the two Houses override a fundamental
law of the land ? 138; this subject belongs exelusively to the Senate, 138; what is the resolution ? 138; State organizations in certain States of the Union have been usurped and overthrown, 188; amendment offered, 189; the committee can give us no information which we do not now possess, 189; duty of the President, 139; what has ho done? 189; amendment rejected, 139 ; resolution adopted, 189; the resolution, 139; considered in the House, 189; does it not conflict with the seventh section of the first article of the Constitution, 140; committee appointed, 140; reference of all papers to committee, 140; authority to send for persons and papers granted, 140.
In the Senate, instructions to the reconstruction conmittee, 140.
In the House, resolutions relative to class rule al aristocracy as a privileged power, 141.
In the House, reference of President's message, 141; first duty of Congress to pass a law declaring the condition of these outside or defunct States, and providing proper civil governments for them, 141; never should be reorganized as in the Union until the Constitution has been so amended as to secure perpetual ascendency to the Union party, 141; representation from these States, 141; dnty on exports, 141; Congress is bound to provide for the emancipated slaves until they can take care of them. selves, 142; two things of vital importance, 142; a white man's government, 142; this Congress should set the seal of reprobation upon such a doctrine, 142; this is not a white man's government, 142.
In the House, a resolution relative to the debt of the late Confederacy, 143.
Do. for an equitable division of arms among the Northern States, 143.
Do. relatire to the extension of the elective franchise in States, 143.
A bill to enable gyal citizens in Southern States to form a constitution and State government, 143.
Amendment to the Constitution relative to the Cote federate debt, reported from the Judiciary Committee, 143; action of the House, 143-144.
Resolution relative to retaining the military force de the Government in the Southern States, 144; passed, 144.
Do. on the legitimate consequences of the war, 14
Do. on the President's Message, and the principles therein advocated, 144; referred to the Joint Committee, 145.
Do. on the support of the measures of the President by the House, 145.
Do. on the proper requirements to be secured from the Southern States on establishing Federal relations sith them, 145.
Do. on the grants of powers under tho Constitutio, etc., 145,
A joint resolution from the Reconstruction Come mittee relative to representation and taxation, 146; purposes to change the basis of representation to a representation upon all persons, provided where a State excludes a particular class, it shall not be ese titled to representation for that class, 146; its adoption would prevent qualified suffrage to colored people 146; many reasons for its commendation, 146; these propositions introduced only for the purpose of agitation, 146; objections to the resolution, 146; amendment offered, 147; the question towers above all party consideration, 147; this action is proposed on the pricciple that the Southern States are subjugated, 147; the principle examined, 147; resolution recommitted, 147; reported back amended, 147; adopted, 148
Resolutions on the right of secession, powers of Congress, and the separation of the black race from the whites, 148.
Resolution on secession, rights of blacks, and recognition of the Confederate debt, 145.
Resolations on the object of the war, the necessity of maintaining the suspension of the habeas corpus, and the military occupation of the Southern States, 149; adopted, 149.
In the Senate, amendment of the Constitution relative to the apportionment of representation considered, 149; nothing less than another compromise of human rights, 149; counter proposition offered, 149; in vain to expect the return of the Southern States to the Union until that security for the future found in the equal rights of all, whether in the court-room or ballot-box, was obs tained, 149; necessity and duty of exercising the jurisdiction of Congress, 149; impartial suffrage asked, 150; the ballot equally necessary to the freedmen and to the Republic, 150; amendment proposed, 150; views of the committee in recommending the joint resolution, 150; various plans of reconstruction considered, 151; upon what principle does this proposition rest, 151 ; on a political policy, 151; the amendment presents an alternative to each State, 152; negro and Asiatic saffrage must be adopted, or a State will be stripped of a portion of its power under the Constitution, 152; a question of incalcalable importance, 152; opens the whole vast subject of reconstruction, 152; most important proposition ever brought before Congress, 153; eloquence of Chatham and Brougham, 153; argument for rejection examined, 153; what shall be done, 154; reply to objections, 104; amendments offered, 154; adopted, 154.
In the House, concurrent resolution from reconstruction committee to admit no Senator or Representative until Congress declares the right of the State to representation, 155; minority report, 155; resolution adopted, 155.
In the Senate, concnrrent resolution received from the House, 155; explanation, 155; further explanation, 156; statements of the President relative to an irresponsible directory, 156; further examination of the President's remarks, 157; legislative power granted to the committee, 157; nobody but Congress the right to settle the preliminary question whether the States are entitled to have representatives here or not, 157; reason why committee proposed this proposition, 158; resolution important, in order that Congress may assert distinctly its own rights and its own powers, 108; where are we? 158; are we confined merely to a question of papers ? 159; the President has spoken unguardedly, 159; what are the consequences of successful war? 159; Vattel, 169; the consequences of civil war precisely the same, 159; does our form of government cbange in any way the nature and inevitable legal consequences of a civil war? 160; the Constitution has not specifically provided for a civil war, 160; it never contemplated civil war, 160; a State may be utterly extinguished and swept out of existence by civil war, 160; a State may forfeit its s!atus, 160; the great abuse that these States were not admitted to representation while the Government was going on to tax them, 161; not been together ninety days when we are called upon to admit Senators and Representatives, 161; by civil war they lost all rights, 161; as soon as it can be done safely, these States should be rečstablished in the Union, 162; meaning of the resolution, 162; it asserts that with Congress alone rests the duty of defining when a State once declared to be in insurrection, shall be admitted to representation, 162; the Wade-Davis bill, 162; other propositions, 163; test the
proposition by the simplest principles of constitutional law, 169; the power must vest in Congress, 163; the bare assertion of this power does not tend to promote the object stated in the resolution, 164; the real difcalty in this włole matter has been the unfortunate failure of the executive and legislative branches of the Government to agree upon some plan of reconstruction, 164; a proper law passed at the end of the last session would have prevented all controversy, 164; Lincoln regretted he had not accepted the Wade-Davis bill, 165; having failed to do our constitutional duty, have we a right now to arraign Andrew Johnson for following out a plan which in bis judgment he deemed best? 165; what is the condition of these States: 165; what is the legal result of a State being in insurrection ? 165; the steps adopted by President Johnson in his plan of reconstruction, 166; with a single stroke he swept away the whole superstructure of the rebellion, 166; the first element of his plan, 166; agencies and organs which the plan was to go on, 166; full and ample protection to the freedmen enforced, 167; what are the objections to this policy ? 167; the principal, that he did not extend his invitation to all the loyal men of the Southern States, including the colored as well as the white, 167; the prejudice of the army was against negro suffrage, 167; we complain that the President has not exercised the power to extend to freedmen the right of suffrage, when Congress never has done it, 168; we have never conferred the right to vote on negroes in Territories, 168; what are the two great systems of policy with regard to reconstruction and reunion on which the minds of the people are now divided ? 168; one or the other must be adopted, 100; impossible that the public mind can be diverted by any other question, 169; what is the present condition of the Southern States ? 169; the character of the Government under which we live, 109; is the Gov. ernment created by the Constitution a national Gorernment ? 170; not only is the power of the Government limited in its legislative department, but it is equally limited in its judicial department, 171; the Constitution never contemplated that the States shonld cease to exist, 171; it is asserted that their relations as States to the Government have terminated, 171 ; the resolution of 1862, 171; what provision is there in the Constitution which puts it in the anthority of this body to deny to any State an equal representation with the other States, 172; a cardinal principle that each State should be entitled to equal suffrage in the Senate, 172; what are wo doing ? 172; it is said to be an error to suppose that the insurrection was put down by using that clause of the Constitution, " to suppress insurrection," 172; decision in prize cases, 178; what was the question before the court ? 173; blot out the States, and the Government is ended, 178; caso in point, 178; why are these courts in these States? 174; the right of war, 174; what, the Government conquer States, and by virtue of that conquest extinguish States ? 174; rights of conquest, 174; a great many thought the insurrection had a just foundation, 175; meaning of this resolution, 175; two purposes intended by the resolution, 175; it undertakes to establish the idea that these States have to be brought back into the Union by act of Congress, 176; all abolitionists noi, 176; who dare say he is not an abolitionist ? 176; ve shall prevail, 176; in one month, overy man here who claims he is not a Radical, will wish he had been, 177; let us for a minute contemplate this most extraordinary proposition, 177; a setting aside of the Constitution itself, 177; the whole is monstrous, no matter in what light it may be viewed, 177; we have no right to do this, 178; the action of the two Ilouces should be kept