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Senate.

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Democratic. The Republican majority was regular Whig and Democratic nominees, and 23,907. No election for State otlicers took was reëlected in 1814, but in 1851 announced place. Five Republican members of Congress a change in his political relations. In 1853 he were elected, and one Democratic member. was elected by Democratic votes to the United The Legislature is divided as follows:

States Senate for the full term, in place of Hon.

Ilouse. J. W. Miller, and was succeeded in 1859 by the Republicans

73 Hon. John C. Ten Eyck. By this body he was Democrats

appointed chairman of the Committee on ManIndependent

ufactures—his large experience in that branch WRIGIIT, Hon. WILLIAM, United States of industry being recognized by his associates. Senator froin New Jersey, born in Clarkstown, He was also an efficient member of the corrRockland County, N. Y., in 1791; died at New- mittee to andit and control the espenses of the ark, N.J., November 1,1866. His ancestors were Senate. Mr. Wright's previous business puramong the earliest settlers of Connecticut, and suits, of course, did not permit him to join in his father, Dr. William Wright, was a promi- the debates on the floor of the Senate; but his nent physician and citizen of Rockland County. views were always intelligent and decided, and The subject of this sketch was at school in as a member of the committees, both while il Poughkeepsie preparing for college at the time the Ilouse of Representatives and in the Senate, of his father's death, and was compelled in lie was active, intelligent, and influential

. In consequence to abandon his studies and learn 1863 Mr. Wright was again elected to the the trade of a harness-maker. The industry United States Senate, a successor of the Hon. and vigor of his character were bere shown, J. R. Thompson, who died the previous sumfor besides supporting himself, he was able to mer, and whose unexpired term had been tem. save by the end of his term the sum of three porarily filled by the Hon. R. S. Field and tle hundred dollars. With this sum, which was the Hon J. W. Wall. For the last year or more foundation of the large fortune he subsequently lír. W.'s health was so much impaired that he acquired, he repaired to Bridgeport, hired a was unable to derote mach time to his secatosmall store, and soon began to develop those rial duties. mental resources which have placed him at the WÜRTEMBERG, a kingdom in Germany, head of the manufacturing interests of this King, Charles, born March 6, 1823; succeedel section of country. Subsequently, in connec- his father, June 25, 1864. Area, 7,810 2012 tion with his father-in-law (the late William miles; population, in 1864, 1,748,328. T.se Peet) and Sheldon Smith, he established a firm revenue for the financial period from 1864 :0 for the manufacture of harness and saddles, hav- 1867 was 51,226,785 florios; surplus revente ing a branch house in Charleston, S. C., and in over expenditures, 34,077 florins. The arti 1821 they established themselves in Newark, consists of 29,392 men. The public debt, on N.J. About 1854, Mr. Wright retired upon a September 8, 1866, amounted to 84.406,941) large fortune, the result of his untiring energy florins. In the German Italian war, Würzemand diligence in business. He took no active berg took sides with Austria, and furnished its part in public atiairs, except to volunteer his ser- contingent to the 8th Federal army corps. I vices in defence of Stonington in the war of concluded a separate peace with Prussik CI 1812, until the year 1810, when he was elected August 13th, in virtue of which it had to put mayor of the city of Newark without opposi- 8,000,000 forins to Prussia. By a secret tren: tion. He was at that time attached to the Whig of the same date, Würtemburg concluded with party, and a warm friend of Henry Clay. In Prussia an offensive and defensive alliance, at? 1842 he was elected to the House of Represent- engaged, in case of war, to place its army urdi: atives as an independent candidate over the the chief command of the King of Prussia.

Y

YOUNG, Right Rev. Joste M., Roman Cath- teaching the catechism soon attracted the at olic Bishop of Erie, born in Sanford, Maine, tention of the bishop, who, discerning in Him August, 1808; died at Erie, Pa., September 18, talents of a high order, sent hiin to Woent 8 1866. He was born of Protestant parents, but Mary's College, Emmettsburg, Vd., to come entered the Catholic church at the age of nine- plete his studies and prepare for the priesthool teen years. Having served an apprenticeship În 1837 he was ordained, and labored for m. to the printing business in the office of the years with great zeal and success in the the Portland Argue, he soon after set out to make diocese (now archdiocese) of Cincinnati

. In the a tour of the Western States, in the capacity year 1853, the new diocese of Erie being tortizu of a journeyman printer, finally settling in froin part of the diocese of Pittsburg, Bisha" Cincinnati, where he was employed in the of- O'Connor was translated from Pittsburg. fice of the Catholic Telegraph.' His zeal in the new see, and Rev. Mr. Young, at that tida

pastor of St. Mary's, Lancaster, Ohio, was ap was consecrated in the cathedral of Cincinnati, pointed to succeed him. Such was the humil- in 1854. Once entered on his new field of ity of Dr. Young, however, that he would fain labor, Bishop Young devoted all the powers of decline the honor of being raised to the episco- his mind and the energy of his character to pacy, and earnestly besought the Holy Father the interests of his diocese, and with the to allow him to decline accepting the appoint- limited means at his command, and the thin ment. His request was granted in so far as and widely scattered population, he accomPittsburg was concerned, but he was imme- plished great things, and left behind him many diately appointed to the see of Erie, Bishop evidences of his zeal and charity. O'Connor being retranslated to Pittsburg. He

INDEX OF SUBJECTS..

PAGE ABYSSINIA. 1 CHIURCII OF GOD...

112 AFRICA.. 4 CLAY, CLEMENT COMER.

213 AGRICULTURE. 6 CLEAVELAND, ELISHA LORD.

112 ALABAMA.....

9
COLOMBIA..........

1:4 ALLEN, HENRY WATKINS..

14 COLORADO AMALGAMATION 15 COMMERCE OF THE UNITED STATES.

111 AMERICA.... 19 CONGREGATIONALISTS....

1. ANGLICAN CHURCIIES. 19 CONGRESS, UNITED STATES.

1.4 ANHALT.....

25 CONNECTICUT. ARGENTINE REPUBLIC.

25 CONOLLY, JOHN. ARKANSAS..

26 COREA.. ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES.

80 COTTON ASIA.......

39 COTTON, GEORGE EDWARD LYNCH ASTRONOMICAL PHENOMENA AND PROGRESS, 40 CRAIK, GEORGE LILLIE, AUSTRIA..

46 CUMMING, ROUALEYN GEORGE GORDON...... AZEGLIO, MASSIMO TAPARELLI..

49 CUMMINGS, JEREMIAH W... BADEN..

50 CUMMINS, MARIA S... BADGER, GEORGE EDMUND.

50 CURTIS, SAMUEL R. BALL, DYER...

51 CUTLER, LYSANDER. BANKS OF THE UNITED STATES.

51 DAVIS, EMERSOY.... BAPTISTS.......

56 DE LA RUE, THOMAS. BAVARIA..

59 DELAWARE.. BEAUMONT, DE LA BONNIÈRE. 59 DENMARK.

264 BECK, CHIARLES...

59 DEWEY, CHARLES A.... BELGIUM......

60 DICK, WILLIAM...... BLUNT, EDMUND.

60 DICKINSON, DANIEL S.... BOLIVIA.

61 DIPLOMATIC CORRESPONDENCE AND FOLBONE-BLACK (REVIVIFICATION OF)..

62 EIGN RELATIONS.. BOURBON, MARIE AMÉLIE DE.

61 DISINFECTANTS. BRAINERD, THOMAS..

65 DRAPER, SIMEON. BRANDE, WILLIAM THIOMAS.

65 DUTTON, SAMUEL WM. SOUTHMAYD. BRAZIL..

66 DWIGHT, THEODORE... BREMEN

68 EASTERN OR ORIENTAL CHURCHES. BRIDGES

68 ECUADOR BRITISH NORTH AMERICA...

73 EDGAR, JOHN.. BURGESS, GEORGE.

82 EGYPT. BURMAII..

83 ELECTRICITY BURTON, WARREN.

84 ELY, ALFRED. CALIFORNIA...

84 ESTERTAZY, PAUL ANTOINE. CAMPBELL, ALEXANDER.

87 EUROPE CANDIA.

S7 EVANS, ROBERT WILSON. CASS, LEWIS

90 FAIRHOLT, FREDERICK WILLIAM. CATTLE PLAGUE.

93 FARINI, CARLO LUIGI... CENTRAL AMERICA.

93 FENIAN BROTHERHOOD.. CESARINI, SFORZA..

94

FINANCES OF THE UNITED STATES. CHEMISTRY.... 94 FINE ARTS, UNITED STATES..

SS CIIILI.....

100

Do. GREAT BRITAIN CHINA.

105

Do. FRANCE. CIIOLERA, ASIATIC.

107

Do. GERMANY: CHRISTIAN CONNECTION.

111

Do. ITALY..

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PAGE

468 473 479 479 479 479 450 450 454 454 498 493 496

307 511

850

511 515 520 520 524 527 527 527 527 523 529 529 528 529 529 531

PAGE FITZPATRICK, JOIN BERNARD.

823 MARYLAND... FLORIDA..

823

MASSACHUSETTS. FOOT, SOLOMON

827 MAY, HENRY. FRANCE

828 MCELLIGOTT, JAMES N. FRANKFORT......

836 MECKLENBURG.. FREEDMEN...

836

MEGASS........ GEOGRAPHICAL EXPLORATIONS AND DISCOV MESSIAH, CHURCII OF THE. ERIES IN 1866...

883

METALS.... GEORGIA...

830 METEORIC IRON. GERMAN ITALIAN WAR

354 METEORS AND METEORITES. GERMANY..

874 METHODISTS.. GIBBES, ROBERT WILSOX.

378 METRIC SYSTEM. GIBSON, JOIIN

378 MEXICO. GOULD, AUGUSTUS ADDISON.

879 MICIIIGAN.. GOZLAN, LÉON..

879 MIGUEL, DOM MARIA EVARISTO. GRANGER, AMOS P..

880 MILITARY COMMISSIONS. GREAT BRITAIN..

MINNESOTA... GREECE

894 MINTURN, ROBERT BOWNE. GREEK CIURCII..

885 MISSISSIPPI.... GREEN, HORACE..

... 386

MISSOURI.... GREENE, DAVID...

397 MONTEAGLE, TIIOMAS SPRING-RICE. GREGORY, FRANCIS H.

887 MOREIIEAD, CHARLES S.. GREVILLE, ROBERT KAYE.

393

MOREHEAD, JOHN M... GROTE, JOIN....

893 MORISON, ALEXANDER. GUNPAPER..

888 MORRISON, WILLIAM.. GUROWSKI, ADAM DE.

389 MORSE, ISAAC EDWARDS. HABEAS CORPUS

359

MUNROE, NATHAN. HALL, EDWARD BROOKS.

891

MUZZEY, REUBEN D.. HALL, FRANCIS...

891 NASSAU... HALLOCK, GERARD

891

NAVY, UNITED STATES. ITAMBURG..

892

NEALE, JOIIN MASON. HANOVER

892 NETHERLANDS (TIE). HARFORD, JOIN SCANDRETT

892 NEVADA.. HAWKS, FRANCIS LISTER.

892 NEW HAMPSHIIRE. HAYTI.

893 NEW JERSEY.. HESSE,

893 NEW YORK... IUGHES, ELLEN.

393 NITROLEUM, OR NITRO-GLYCERINE. HUMPHREY, JAMES.

893 NORTH CAROLINA. HUNGARY

894 NORTHBROOK, FRANCIS T. BARING ILLINOIS.

899 NOTT, ELIPIIALET. INDIA, BRITISH

400

OBITUARIES, AMERICAN. INDIANA

402

Do. EUROPEAN. INDIUM.

406 OIIIO... IOW A..

406 OLDENBURG ITALY

409 OREGON. JAPAN,

414 OUSELEY, WILLIAM GORE. JAMAICA, ISLAND OF.

417 PARAGUAY.. JENKS, WILLIAM.

420 PARISIS, PIERRE LOUIS. JOHNSON, CAVE.

420 PASSMORE, J. C. KANSAS..

420 PENNSYLVANIA. KEBLE, JOHN.

423 PERU KENTUCKY

423 PHOTOGRAPHY, CHROMO....... KILE, MILTON.

427

PIERPONT, JOHN. KNIGHT-BRUCE, JAMES LEWIS.

427

PISE, CHARLES CONSTANTINE. LANE, EBENEZER..

427

PORTER, JOHN ADDISON. LANE, JAMES HENRY

427 PORTER, NOAH... LATHROP, JOIN H..

423 PORTUGAL.. LIPPE..

428 POWELL, W. BYRD. LITERATURE AND LITERARY PROGRESS IN PRESBYTERIANS. 1866.

428 PRUSSIA.. LOUISIANA..

447 PUBLIC DOCUMENTS. LÜBECK.

459 REED INSTRUMENTS. LUTHERANS

459

REFORMED CHURCHES. MACMASTER, E, D.

463 "RENNIE, GEORGE.... MAGNESIUM

464 REUSS. MAHONEY, FRANCIS .

465 RHIGOLENE.. MAINE..

405 RHODE ISLAND. MAPES, JAMES J..

469 RICHMOND, DEAN.

534 535 535 010 016 519 032

554

556 603 605 605 606 607 611 612 012 615 617 617 618 618 619 619 620 621 626 630 666 668 669 669 669 670 671

119

789

14

P.OGERS, HENRY DARWIN....
ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH..
ROSS, JOHN
RUSSIA
RUSSIAN AMERICA..
RUTHERFORD, JOHN
SAN DOMINGO....
SAXE..
SAXONY..
SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE..
SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN.
SCIIWARZBURG..
SCOTT, WINFIELD.
SEATON, WILLIAM WINSTON.
SPAIN........
SPARKS, JARED.
SMITH, AUGUSTUS WILLIAM.
SMITH, JOSEPH MATUER.
SODA, BIBORATE OF...
SODA AND COLORINE RESIDUES..
SODA AND SODA COMPOUNDS...
SOLID BODIES...
SORGIIUM.
SOUTH CAROLINA,
STOCKTON, ROBERT FIELD..
STRANAHAN, MARIAMNE FITCII
STREET, AUGUSTUS RUSSELL..
SUGAR..
SWEDEN AND NORWAY
SWITZERLAND...

151

PAGE

673 TELEGRAPH, ELECTRIC.....
673 TELLIER, REMIGIUS J...
678 TENNESSEE.
678 TERRITORIES OF TIIE UNITED STATES.
682 TEST OATHS
653 TEXAS.
684 . THALLIUM..
684 THOUVENEL, EDOUARD A...
684 TOWNSEND, ROBERT......
654 TURKEY
684 UNITARIANS..
685 UNITED BRETHREN IN CHRIST
685 UNITED STATES.
687 UNIVERSALISTS.
687 URUGUAY
658

VAN BUREN, JOIN
699 VENEZUELA......
090

VERMONT.......
692 VIRGINIA..
692 VIRGINIA, WEST..
694

VON DER DECKEY, CHARLES
700 WALDECK..
700 WIIEWELL, WILLIAM..
707 WILLIAMS, SETH....
709 WILLSON, JAMES M....
710 WISCONSIN..
711 WRIGHT, WILLIAM.
711 WÜRTEMBERG
719 YOUNG, JOSUE M..

... 719

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