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Democratic. The Republican majority was regular Whig and Democratic nominees, and 23,907. No election for State officers took was reëlected in 1844, but in 1851 announced place. Five Republican members of Congress a change in his political relations. In 1853 he were elected, and one Democratic member. was elected by Democratic votes to the United The Legislature is divided as follows:

States Senate for the full term, in place of Hon. Senate.

Hlouse.

J. W. Miller, and was succeeded in 1859 by the Republicans

73 Hon. John C. Ten Eyck. By this body he was Democrats

appointed chairman of the Committee on ManIndependent

ufactures—his large experience in that branch WRIGHT, Hon. WILLIAM, United States of industry being recognized by his associates. Senator from New Jersey, born in Clarkstown, He was also an efficient member of the comRockland County, N. Y., in 1791; died at New- mittee to audit and control the expenses of the ark, N.J., November 1, 1866. His ancestors were Senate. Mr. Wright's previous business puramong the earliest settlers of Connecticut, and suits, of course, did not permit him to join in his father, Dr. William Wright, was a promi- the debates on the floor of the Senate; but his nent physician and citizen of Rockland County. views were always intelligent and decided, and The ect of this sketch was at school in as a member of the committees, both while in Poughkeepsie preparing for college at the time the House of Representatives and in the Senate, of his father's death, and was compelled in he was active, intelligent, and influential

. In consequence to abandon his studies and learn 1863 Mr. Wright was again elected to the the trade of a harness-maker. The industry United States Senate, a successor of the Hon. and vigor of his character were bere shown, J. R. Thompson, who died the previous sumfor besides supporting himself, he was able to mer, and whose unexpired term had been temsave by the end of his term the sum of three porarily filled by the Hon. R. S. Field and the hundred dollars. With this sum, which was the Hon J. W. Wall. For the last year or more foundation of the large fortune he subsequently Mr. W.'s health was so much impaired that he acquired, he repaired to Bridgeport, hired a was unable to devote much time to his senatosmall store, and soon began to develop those rial duties. mental resources which have placed him at the WÜRTEMBERG, a kingdom in Germany, head of the manufacturing interests of this King, Charles, born March 6, 1823; succeeded section of country. Subsequently, in connec- his father, June 25, 1864. Area, 7,840 square tion with his father-in-law (the late William miles; population, in 1864, 1,748,328. The Peet) and Sheldon Smith, he established a firm revenue for the financial period from 1864 :0 for the manufacture of harness and saddles, hav- 1867 was 51,226,785 florins; surplus rerenne ing a branch house in Charleston, S. C., and in over expenditures, 34,077 florins. The army 1821 they established themselves in Newark, consists of 29,392 men. The public debt, a N.J. About 1854, Mr. Wright retired upon á September 8, 1866, amounted to 84,406,94) large fortune, the result of his untiring energy florins. In the German Italian war, Würtelland diligence in business. He took no active berg took sides with Austria, and furnished its part in public affairs, except to volunteer his ser- contingent to the 8th Federal army corps. It vices in defence of Stonington in the war of concluded a separate peace with Prussia, en 1812, until the year 1840, when he was elected August 13th, in virtue of which it had to pay mayor of the city of Newark without opposi- 8,000,000 florins to Prussia. By a secret treaty tion. He was at that time attached to the Whig of the same date, Würtembarg concluded with party, and a warm friend of Henry Clay. In Prussia an offensive and defensive alliance, and 1842 he was elected to the House of Represent- engaged, in case of war, to place its army unde: atives as an independent candidate over the the chief command of the King of Prussia.

Y

YOUNG, Right Rev. Josue M., Roman Cath- teaching the catechism soon attracted the at olic Bishop of Erie, born in Sanford, Maine, tention of the bishop, who, discerning in him August, 1808; died at Erie, Pa., September 18, talents of a high order, sent him to Mount 88 1866. He was born of Protestant parents, but Mary's College, Emmettsburg, Md., to cotientered the Catholic church at the age of nine- plete his

studies and prepare for the priesthood

. teen years. Having served an apprenticeship In 1837 he was ordained, and labored for many to the printing business in the office of the years with great zeal and success in the then Portland Argus, he soon after set

out to make diocese (now archdiocese) of Cincinnati. In the a tour of the Western States, in the capacity year 1853, the new diocese of Erie being formed of a journeyman printer, finally settling in from part of the diocese of Pittsburg, Bishop Cincinnati, where he was employed in the of- O'Connor was translated from Pittsburg, tro fice of the Catholic Telegraph. His zeal in the new see, and Rev. Mr. Young, at that time

pastor of St. Mary's, Lancaster, Ohio, was ap was consecrated in the cathedral of Cincinnati, pointed to succeed him. Such was the humil- in 1854. Once entered on his new field of ity of Dr. Young, however, that he would fain labor, Bishop Young devoted all the powers of decline the honor of being raised to the episco- his mind and the energy of his character to pacy, and earnestly besought the Holy Father the interests of his diocese, and with the to allow him to decline accepting the appoint- limited means at his command, and the thin ment. His request was granted in so far as and widely scattered population, he accomPittsburg was concerned, but he was imme- plished great things, and left behind him many diately appointed to the see of Erie, Bishop evidences of his zeal and charity. O'Connor being retranslated to Pittsburg. He

INDEX OF SUBJECTS..

PAGE ABYSSINIA.. 1 CHURCH OF GOD...

119 AFRICA...

4 CLAY, CLEMENT COMER.. AGRICULTURE.

6 CLEAVELAND, ELISHA LORD.. ALABAMA... 9 COLOMBIA.

1:4 ALLEN, HENRY WATKINS.

14 COLORADO AMALGAMATION ......

15 COMMERCE OF THE UNITED STATES........... ili AMERICA....

19 CONGREGATIONALISTS.... ANGLICAN CHURCHES.

19 CONGRESS, UNITED STATES. ANHALT.....

25 CONNECTICUT.... ARGENTINE REPUBLIC.

25 CONOLLY, JOHN.. ARKANSAS..

26 COREA. ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES.

80 COTTON ASIA....

39 COTTON, GEORGE EDWARD LYNCH ASTRONOMICAL PHENOMENA AND PROGRESS, 40 CRAIK, GEORGE LILLIE.. AUSTRIA

46 CUMMING, ROUALEYN GEORGE GORDON. AZEGLIO, MASSIMO TAPARELLI..

49 CUMMINGS, JEREMIAH W.. BADEN...

50 CUMMINS, MARIA S..... BADGER, GEORGE EDMUND.

50 CURTIS, SAMUEL R.. BALL, DYER....

51 CUTLER, LYSANDER.. BANKS OF THE UNITED STATES.

51 DAVIS, EMERSOY... BAPTISTS.....

56 DE LA RUE, THOMAS. BAVARIA..

DELAWARE... BEAUMONT, DE LA BONNIÈRE.

59 DENMARK. BECK, CHARLES.

09 DEWEY, CHARLES A....... BELGIUM..

60 DICK, WILLIAM.. BLUNT, EDMUND.

60 DICKINSON, DANIEL S.... BOLIVIA......

61 DIPLOMATIC CORRESPONDENCE AND FOLBONE-BLACK (REVIVIFICATION OF)...

62 EIGN RELATIONS.... BOURBON, MARIE AMÉLIE DE

64 DISINFECTANTS... BRAINERD, THOMAS...

65 DRAPER, SIMEON.. BRANDE, WILLIAM THOMAS.

65 DUTTON, SAMUEL WM. SOUTHMAYD. BRAZIL..

66 DWIGHT, THEODORE... BREMEN.

69 EASTERN OR ORIENTAL CHURCHES. BRIDGES

68 ECUADOR BRITISH NORTH AMERICA..

73 EDGAR, JOHN. BURGESS, GEORGE...

82 EGYPT... BURMAH..

83 ELECTRICITY.. BURTON, WARREN.

84 ELY, ALFRED.. CALIFORNIA...

84 ESTERHAZY, PAUL ANTOINE. CAMPBELL, ALEXANDER.

87 EUROPE. CANDIA....

87 EVANS, ROBERT WILSON.. CASS, LEWIS.

90 FAIRHOLT, FREDERICK. WILLIAM. CATTLE PLAGUE.

98 FARINI, CARLO LUIGI.. CENTRAL AMERICA.

93 FENIAN BROTHERHOOD... CESARINI, SFORZA..

94 FINANCES OF THE UNITED STATES. CHEMISTRY..

FINE ARTS, UNITED STATES.. CHILI..

100

Do. GREAT BRITAIN CHINA.

105 Do. FRANCE... CHOLERA, ASIATIC..

107

Do. GERMANY: CHRISTIAN CONNECTION.

111

ITALY.

Do.

PAGE

468 473 479 479 479 479 480 480 494 484

.. 488

... 386

PAGE FITZPATRICK, JOHN BERNARD...

.. 828 MARYLAND..... FLORIDA....

823 MASSACHUSETTS.. FOOT, SOLOMON

827 MAY, HENRY.. FRANCE

828 MCELLIGOTT, JAMES N. FRANKFORT.

836 MECKLENBURG.. FREEDMEN.

886 MEGASS.. GEOGRAPHICAL EXPLORATIONS AND DISCOV. MESSIAH, CHURCH OF THE. ERIES IN 1866........

888 METALS... GEORGIA...

850 METEORIC IRON. GERMAN-ITALIAN WAR

354 METEORS AND METEORITES. GERMANY...

374 METHODISTS... GIBBES, ROBERT WILSON.

878 METRIC SYSTEM.. GIBSON, JOHN...

878 MEXICO..... GOULD, AUGUSTUS ADDISON.

879 MICHIGAN.. GOZLAN, LÉON....

379 MIGUEL, DOM MARIA EVARISTO. GRANGER, AMOS P..

880 MILITARY COMMISSIONS. GREAT BRITAIN..

380 MINNESOTA.. GREECE

384 MINTURN, ROBERT BOWNE. GREEK CHURCH.

885 MISSISSIPPI.. GREEN, HORACE..

MISSOURI. GREENE, DAVID..

387 MONTEAGLE, THOMAS SPRING-RICE. GREGORY, FRANCIS H..

887 MOREHEAD, CHARLES S... GREVILLE, ROBERT KAYE...

888 MOREHEAD, JOHN M... GROTE, JOHN.....

889 MORISON, ALEXANDER. GUNPAPER...

888

MORRISON, WILLIAM.. GUROWSKI, ADAM DE.

889 MORSE, ISAAC EDWARDS. HABEAS CORPUS

889

MUNROE, NATHAN.. HALL, EDWARD BROOKS.

891

MUZZEY, REUBEN D..... HALL, FRANCIS.

891 NASSAU.. HALLOCK, GERARD

391 NAVY, UNITED STATES. HAMBURG...

392 NEALE, JOHN MASON. HANOVER

892 NETHERLANDS (THE). HARFORD, JOHN SCANDRETT

392 NEVADA..... · HAWKS, FRANCIS LISTER...

892 NEW HAMPSHIRE. HAYTI...

898 NEW JERSEY. HESSE.

893 NEW YORK. HUGHES, ELLEN.

393 NITROLEUM, OR NITRO-GLYCERINE. IIUMPHREY, JAMES.

893 NORTH CAROLINA HUNGARY...

394 NORTHBROOK, FRANCIS T. BARING ILLINOIS..

398 NOTT, ELIPHALET. INDIA, BRITISH

400 OBITUARIES, AMERICAN. INDIANA.

402
Do.

EUROPEAN
INDIUM...

406 OHIO. IOWA..

406 OLDENBURG.. ITALY

409

OREGON... JAPAN.

414 OUSELEY, WILLIAM GORE. JAMAICA, ISLAND OF.

417 PARAGUAY.. JENKS, WILLIAM..

420 PARISIS, PIERRE LOUIS. JOHNSON, CAVE..

420 PASSMORE, J. C.. KANSAS..

420

PENNSYLVANIA... KEBLE, JOHN.

423 PERU KENTUCKY.

423 PHOTOGRAPHY, CHROMO. KILE, MILTON.

427 PIERPONT, JOHN. KNIGHT-BRUCE, JAMES LEWIS.

427 PISE, CHARLES CONSTANTINE. LANE, EBENEZER...

427 PORTER, JOHN ADDISON... LANE, JAMES HENRY,

427 PORTER, NOAH... LATHROP, JOHN I..

428 PORTUGAL.. LIPPE.....

428 POWELL, W. BYRD. LITERATURE AND LITERARY PROGRESS IN PRESBYTERIANS.. 1866....

428 PRUSSIA.. LOUISIANA..

447 PUBLIC DOCUMENTS.. LÜBECK.

459 REED INSTRUMENTS. LUTHERANS

459 REFORMED CHURCHES. MACMASTER, E. D.

468 "RENNIE, GEORGE. MAGNESIUM.

464 RETSS MAHONEY, FRANCIS

465 RHIGOLENE. MAINE....

465 RHODE ISLAND.. MAPES, JAMES J....

468 RICHMOND, DEAN.

498 496 507 511 011 015 020 520 524 027 527 527 627 628 028 528 528 529 629 531 082 134 585 538 540 546 849

553 554 586 603 005 605 606 007 611 612 612 615 617 617 618 618 619 619 620 621 626 630 666 668 669 669 669 670 671

119

789

14

P.OGERS, HENRY DARWIN....
ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH..
ROSS, JOHN
RUSSIA
RUSSIAN AMERICA..
RUTHERFORD, JOHN
SAN DOMINGO....
SAXE..
SAXONY..
SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE..
SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN.
SCIIWARZBURG..
SCOTT, WINFIELD.
SEATON, WILLIAM WINSTON.
SPAIN........
SPARKS, JARED.
SMITH, AUGUSTUS WILLIAM.
SMITH, JOSEPH MATUER.
SODA, BIBORATE OF...
SODA AND COLORINE RESIDUES..
SODA AND SODA COMPOUNDS...
SOLID BODIES...
SORGIIUM.
SOUTH CAROLINA,
STOCKTON, ROBERT FIELD..
STRANAHAN, MARIAMNE FITCII
STREET, AUGUSTUS RUSSELL..
SUGAR..
SWEDEN AND NORWAY
SWITZERLAND...

PAGE

673 TELEGRAPH, ELECTRIC..... 673 TELLIER, REMIGIUS J... 678 TENNESSEE. 678 TERRITORIES OF TIIE UNITED STATES. 682 TEST OATHS 653 TEXAS. 684 . THALLIUM.. 684 THOUVENEL, EDOUARD A... 684 TOWNSEND, ROBERT...... 654 TURKEY 684 UNITARIANS.. 685 UNITED BRETHREN IN CHRIST 685 UNITED STATES. 687 UNIVERSALISTS. 687 URUGUAY 658

VAN BUREN, JOIN 699 VENEZUELA...... 090

VERMONT....... 692 VIRGINIA.. 692 VIRGINIA, WEST.. 694

VON DER DECKEY, CHARLES 700 WALDECK.. 700 WIIEWELL, WILLIAM.. 707 WILLIAMS, SETH.... 709 WILLSON, JAMES M.... 710 WISCONSIN.. 711 WRIGHT, WILLIAM. 711 WÜRTEMBERG 719 YOUNG, JOSUE M..

151

... 719

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