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giren voluntary aid to the late Southern Con- The amendment to the Federal Constitution, federacy, should be a citizen of the State, or article 14, was passed in the Senate by 15 to 3, permitted to vote at any election therein, was and in the House by 43 to 11. submitted to the voters for ratification or re- VON DER DECKEN, Baron CHARLES jection at the election for township officers on Claus, a celebrated German explorer, born at the 24th of May. The Republican State Com- Kotzen, Brandenburg, in 1833; killed by the mittee, in their address to the people, said: natives while ascending the River Juba, in ** We look only to the adoption of such a policy Africa, October 1, 1865. He belonged to a as will certainly secure to us the legitimate re- family of high rank, his father, Ernest Von der sults of the dearly-bought victory by which at Decken, being one of the brave German legion the last loyalty triumphed over treason on the in the British service at the battle of Waterloo, field of battle." The total vote given was 39,457. and afterward holding some important positions The majority for the ratification of the amend at the court of Hanover. The son received a ment was 7,217. In October an election was good education, and early evinced a strong deheld for Governor, at which the total vote given sire to travel. Having joined the cadet corps Fas 40,960, of which the Republican candidate at the age of sixteen, he entered the IIanoverian for Governor received 23,802, and the opposition army the following year as a lieutenant in the candidate 17,158. Republican majority, 6,644. Queen's Ilussars. lle availed himself of his The successful candidate was Governor Arthur leave of absence to travel through Europe, and J. Boreman, who was thus reëlected. Three in 1858 made his first endeavor to penetrate into Republican members of Congress were also Africa, but was prevented from crossing the elected, which was a gain of two. The Legisla- desert' by an attack of fever, which compelled ture of the State is politically divided as fol- him to return. In 1860 he quitted the army, lows:

and soon after embarked at Hamburg for ZanRepublicans..

zibar, with the intention of joining his countryDemocrats..

man Dr. Roscher, in an attempt to reach the

great Nyassa Lake. The murder of Dr. RosRepublican majority... 14

cher compelled him to choose another line of A large proportion of the population in the research, but the impossibility of obtaining southern counties of the State have, by the guides made it necessary to return to Zanzibar. Constitutional Amendment, been denied every A second effort was unsuccessful, from the decivil and political right. They are excluded sertion of his men, and the mutiny of his from the courts either as suitors or attorneys. soldiers, though he acquired some useful knowlThe Governor, in his address to the Legislature edge of the country. In 1861 he projected an at the close of the year, commended the increas- expedition to examine the great mountain of ing prosperity of the State, and recommended the Kilimandjaro. He deterinined its mineral conrepeal of the usury laws, as repelling capital and stituents, in connection with young Thornton, enterprise. The revenue reports exhibited a the geologist, and made a number of important gratifying financial state. Personal property observations on its altitude, temperature, latiincreased over twenty-five per cent. The new tude and longitude, which he afterwards pubvaluation of real estate shows a very great in- lished in one of the British scientitic journals. crease over the old. The Governor recom- The following year he made a more extensive mended energetic prosecution of the work on the examination of the mountain, ascending to the Insane Asylum and Penitentiary. He said the height of 14,000 feet, and fixing its altitude at report on free schools shows gratifying progress upwards of 20,000 feet. Returning to Europe in the work of education, and he urged the most in 1863, he was awarded a gold medal by the liberal legislation in support of the schools, and Royal Geographical Society of Great Britain, the provision for the Agricultural College en- and the Guelphic Order by the King of Hanover. dowed by Congress. Ile advised the Legisla- Thus encouraged, he employed his own private ture to provide for a speedy geological survey means in fitting ont another expedition, for the of the State, and to encourage immigration. purpose of ascending one of the rivers of the The message concludes with an argument in Somauli country, into the interior of Africa. favor of ratifying the amendment to the Con- The vessels for this purpose were constructed at stitution of the United States, as it was the Hamburg, and transported in pieces by ship to absolute duty of Congress to take control of Zanzibar, where they were put together. After the Southern States after the war, and, under overcoming many discouraging obstacles, he had the circumstances, the terms of restoration pro- ascended the Juba about 380 miles when his ship posed were not vindictive or unkind, much less was wrecked, and soon after himself and unjust. In his opinion, a greater magnanimity companion, Dr. Link, were murdered by the was never shown under like circumstances. natives.

W WALDECK, the name of a German princi- James Mackintosh's "Introduction to the Study pality. Prince, George, born January 14, 1831; of Ethical Philosophy," and among his latest succeeded his father, May 15, 1845. Heir-ap- productions were some translations of the - Ethparent, Prince Frederick, born January 20, ical Dialogues of Plato.". He also translated 1865. Area, 466 square miles. Population, in Goethe's “IIermann and Dorothea” into Ens1864, 59,143. Contingent to the Federal army, lish hexameters, and published a version of the 866 men. Revenue, in 1865, 511,801 thalers. “Professor's Wife,” by Auerbach. In 1863 he In the German Italian war Waldeck took sides published "Six Lectures on Political Economy," with Austria. After the war it joined the delivered at the request of the late Prince ConNorth German Confederation.

sort before the Prince of Wales and other stoWIIEWELL, WILLIAM, D. D., LL. D., an dents. Dr. Whewell also publishel sericons English mathematician and philosopher, Máster addresses, and a large number of scientitic of Trinity College, Cambridge, born in Lancas- papers on different subjects. ter, May 24, 1794; died in Cambridge, March 5, WILLIAMS, Setu, brevet Major-General of 1866. He graduated A. B. in 1816, obtained a Volunteers in the United States Army, and et fellowship and became tutor in 1823. In 1828 the time of his death Adjutant-General of the he was made Professor of Mineralogy, and held Department of the Atlantic on General Meade's that office until 1832. The long catalogue of staff; born in Augusta, Me., March 22, 18); his contributions to the “ Transactions" of the died in Boston, Mass., March 23, 1866. He Philosophical Society attest the vast amount of was appointed a cadet to the Military Academy reading done during that period. In 1838 heat West Point in 1838, and graduated in 1840, was chosen Professor of Moral philosophy, and receiving a commission of brevet second-liesthe previous year gave to the world his " History tenant of artillery. During this initiators pe of the Inductive Sciences,” which, for range of riod of his military career, he showed the knowledge, depth and grasp of thought, and qualities of careful performance of duties by lucidity of style, has few equals in modern which he was distinguished and well kport times. This work was followed in 1841 by his throughout the service; and gained an honor“Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences,” which able position in a class remarkable for its talent. he regarded as the moral of the first. In 1841 le In the ordinary routine of promotion he became became Master of Trinity. In connection with first-lieutenant of artillery in 1847, and weit the British Association for the Advancement of with the army into Mexico, where he receired Science, of which he was president at this time, the appointment of aide-de-camp to Majorhe drew up the reports on the “Tides” and on General Patterson, and won the brevet of capthe “Mathematical Theories of IIeat, Magnetism, tain for gallant and meritorious conduct in the and Electricity.” In 1855 he was chosen vice- battle of Cerro Gordo. In September, 183, chancellor of the university. The same year he Captain Williams was appointed adjutant of lost his wife, and for a time was much absorbed the Military Academy, and served in that a by his griet

. During this period, by way of pacity until September, 1853, having in August , diverting his thoughts from his affliction, he 1853, received the appointment of assistant wrote his popular work, “ The Plurality of adjutant-general, with the brevet rank of cap Worlds,” in which he argued that none of the tain in the Adjutant-General's Department. In planets save the earth were inhabited. The 1861 he was appointed major in the same corps; severe mental labor of a lifetime had its ef- and in September, 1861, brevet brigadier-enfect upon his brain, though he had shown no eral of volunteers. In this last capacity be sign whatever of failing power, unless it was served as adjutant-general of the Army of the an increased somnolency, but an accident which Potomac under its different commanders, adt) threw him from his horse, with no injury to the the close of the war, when he was reliered; an skull, produced concussion of the brain, which after serving upon several army boards, Fris terminated fatally a few days after. Besides the appointed adjutant-general of the department above-mentioned works on physical science, under General Meade's command. Dr. Whewell was the author of " Astronomy and In 1864 General Williams was transferred to General Physics with reference to Natural The- the staff of Major-General Grant, as acting inology.” In moral philosophy, he wrote “Lectures spector-general of the armies of the Unitel on the History of Moral Philosophy in England,” States, and the same year was commission 1 “ Lectures on Systematic Morality,” and “Ele- major-general of volunteers, by brevet. He ments of Morality, including Polity” (1845). held the full rank of lieutenant-colonel in the In regard to university reform he had written regular army, but had been brevetted colod two treatises upon education, and also several and brigadier-general "for gallant and merid upon mechanics, the most important of which rious services during the war.” The services are a " Treatise on Conic Sections," and one on of General Williams in the organization of the “The Mechanics of Engineering.” He edited Sir army can hardly be overestimated; and the 12


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wearied energy and activity he constantly dis- millions contributed by citizens for charitable played thronghout its history in the manage- purposes connected with the war. ment of his department were the admiration of The number of State banks doing business all. His tact, evenness of temper, kindness, October 1st was nineteen, with an aggregate modesty, consideration for others, bis zeal and capital of $611,000; the amount of securities conscientiousness in his laborious office, his held in trust for banking associations, $143,054; straightforward disposition, and his cheerful amount of outstanding circulation, $142,557. loyalty, made him universally respected and Twenty-six national banks have been organized beloved in the army. Ilis death, the result of in the State, having an aggregate capital of inflammation of the brain, was doubtless has- $2,780,000. tened by his severe application to his duties. No satisfactory plan has yet been adopted

WILLSON, Rev. JAMES M., D. D., an Amer- for the collection of reliable agricultural statisican clergyman of the Reformed Presbyterian tics. The Secretary of State is required by Church, and professor in the Covenanter The- law to make an annual estimate of the value ological Seminary at Alleghany City, born in of the leading articles of produce at the town Pennsylvania in 1809; died at Alleghany City, where raised, at the point of shipment on the Pa., August 31, 1860. He was a man of ex- lake shore, and in New York. traordinary ability, a profound student of ec The aggregate quantity and prices returned clesiastical history, and a lucid and skilful and estimated of the ten leading articles, for teacher and preacher. Ile was regarded as the 1866, were as follows: most eminent preacher, professor, and scholar of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, and his Bushels raised..

11,629,183 death leaves a void not easily or readily filled. Valuation where raised..

$16,761,461 WISCONSIN. This State has an area of

on lake shore.

23,509,705 53,924 miles, a fertile soil, a pleasant and

in New York.

26,546,434 healthful climate, and is rapidly increasing in population and wealth. Numerous railroads Bushels raised....


$5,557,180 connect the principal towns with each other, Valuation where raised.

on lake shore.

8,851,143 and, with the h arbors on Lake Michigan, afford

in New York.

13,410,836 ing abundant facilities of intercourse, and stimulating the development of natural resources.

Bushels raised... Agriculture is the chief occupation of the Valuation where raised.


$3,987,663 people, though other interests claim a large

on lake shore.

5,180,428 share of atten tion. The lumber trade espe

in New York.

9,159,431 cially has grown to immense proportions, and the collection of furs gives employment to large Bushels raised...

719,619 numbers. The Legislature met January 9th.

Valuation where raised.


on lake shore. Among the important acts passed was one sub

719,169 in New York.

821,693 initting to the people the question of calling a State convention to amend the constitution. I resolution was adopted instructing their

Bushels raised...

979,957 Valuation where raised.

$479,636 Senators in Congress to vote for the Civil

on lake shore.

749,874 Rights Bill over the President's veto.

in New York.

788,953 The right of suffrage was extended to all citizens of the State, irrespective of color. Number of head...

216,392 During the session tive hundred and eighty- Valuation where raised.

$4,336,000 seven general and private laws were enacted.

on lake shore.

4,868,754 The receipts of the treasury during the fiscal

in New York...

6,330,463 year, were $2,086,458, and the disbursements $1,874,993. The present indebtedness of the Number of pounds...


$2,280,469 State is $2,282,191. The reduction during the Valuation where made.

on lake shore.

2,497,467 year was $110,000. The aggregate valuation

in New York..

3,999,951 of real estate is $126,059,296. Valuation of all real and personal property, $162,320,153. Number of pounds...

1,215,801 Amount of State tax levied. $312,835. The re Valuation where made.

$185,459 ceipts of the war fund during the year were

on lake shore.

215,970 $173,757. The disbursements amounted to

in New York.

315,870 $172,166, of which $153,125 were paid to soldiers' families.

Number of pounds..

2,696,354 Over $1,000,000 have been expended from Valuation where raised.

$1,155,608 the State treasury, for war purposes, since

on lake shore..

1,176,216 in New York...

1,413,175 April, 1861. At least $8,000,000 have been expended by cities, counties, and towns throughout the State, for the same purpose, making a

Number of feet...

929,908,651 luation where made.

$2,271,265 total expenditure on account of the war of

at Chicago.

3,349,421 about $12,000,000, which does not include the

at St. Louis.

22,859,129 Vol. VI.--49







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The receipts of wheat at Milwaukee for 1866 It is reported practicable to construct a line amounted to 12,664,448 bushels, constituting of navigation by Rock River to Lakes Horicon that city the largest primary wheat depot in and Winnebago, with at least the capacity of the world. The number of acres returned for the Erie Canal, thereby furnishing to the people taxation was 17,714,259, at an assessed value along its route facilities for the transportation of $92,211,405.

of heavy freight, which would be of incalculaThe mining, lumbering, and manufacturing ble advantage to them. It is deemed br the interests of the State are second in importance engineers in charge, that the Wisconsin can be to agriculture alone. Millions of dollars are rendered perfectly navigable, by such methals invested in these pursuits, controlled by a class of engineering as have been tried on similar of citizens among the most enterprising and in- streams elsewhere and found successful ct. dustrious.

should this in the end prove impracticalle, The energy displayed by the inhabitants that a canal of large capacity can be volt during the past few years in projecting and along its valley at a cost so small as to warrant carrying out successful enterprises of internal the undertaking. improvement, is considerable, and will soon The public schools of Wisconsin are pros! envelop the whole State in a network of much ous in a high degree; taxes are liberally Foiei: needed railways. Among the most important a good class of buildings is found, and a better now projected and to be completed at an early one is in progress, well furnished with all the day, are the Tomah and St. Croix; Portage and articles necessary in schools; an increased an Superior; Milwaukee and Fond du Lac; the continually increasing demand for better qual Manitowoc and Mississippi; the Oshkosh and fied teachers exists; a greater interest is takel Mississippi; the Sugar River Valley, from the in education by the people; associations for the State line, via Madison, to Portage; the St. mutual improvement of teachers are spriorid; Croix and Superior, extension of the line from up; the best methods of teaching are sought. Sheboygan to Fond du Lac; the lines from There are seventeen academies in the State Green Bay to the Mississippi; Mineral Point having 90 teachers and 2,200 students: pire to Dubuque; Monroe southwest to the Missis- colleges, having 55 professors and 1,439 stosippi ; between Omro and Oshkosh ; from dents; also, two hundred and twenty-cigi Madison, northwest, via Baraboo ; and Mil- private schools, having 8,000 pupils. waukee to West Bend. The completion of the In the number of normal schools for trainir: Northern Pacific Railroad will develop the rich teachers Wisconsin takes the lead of all the country north and west of Lake Superior, and States in the Union, six having been projecten consequently is of great importance.

one in each Congressional district in the State. All of these lines traverse rich portions of

The number of children in the State between this State, throwing open its remotest parts.

the ages of four and twenty.. The citizens along the routes of many of them, Number attending public schools.. alive to their utility, are freely contributing Number of teachers employed.. large sums of money, and urging them on by The whole amount expended by the every possible means to a speedy completion.

people in support of common schools

$1,194,25919 The number of railroad companies making re The amount of the school fund at the ports is nine, having a total length of 1,731 miles. close of the fiscal year was.

2,141,929 **

The total receipts for the fiscal year, Capital actually subscribed.... $14,099,400 00

being for sales of lands, dues, loans Number of through passengers..

200,523 paid, taxes, etc., amounted to... 399.494 Number of way passengers.. 1,897,053 The disbursements were......

$120,000 is Total number of passengers..

2,157,576 The amount of land belonging to the food is Number of tons of freight carried.. 104,203 463,463.93 acres. Receipts from passengers..

$4,311,064 67 Receipts from property.

9,411,361 34

The school fund is composed of: 1. Prace's Receipts for mails..

183,287 51 . of all lands granted by the United States

support of schools; 2. All moners accrura Total receipts for transportation.. $13,902,714 52 from forfeiture or escheat, and trespass per Amount of State tax paid....

203,296 10

ties on school lands; 3. All tines collectal Passengers and others killed..

the several counties for breach of the peas Passengers and others injured..


laws; and 4. All moneys paid as an esempio During the past year officers detailed by the from military duty. War Department have made surveys of a por Wisconsin has manifested a liberal spirit is tion of the Mississippi River, with a view to providing for the destitute and unfortunate, the removal of obstructions to its navigation, and in establishing such reformatory instis. by the improvement of the Rock Island and tions as the criminal require. Asslams liati Des Moines Rapids.

been established for the insane, the deaf 3.1 The Illinois, Rock, Fox and Wisconsin Rivers dumb, and the blind, a reform school for jureuil have also been surveyed, with reference to a offenders, and a State prison. water communication between the Mississippi • The trustees of the Insane Hospital report and the Great Lakes. Both projects are con that the number of patients in the institutive sidered entirely feasible.

October 1st, was 177.




the year..


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Number admitted during the year..


the managers have erected three sinaller build. discharged during the year..

92 September 30, 1866.....

ings, at a cost of about $41,000. They have 180

purchased 120 acres of land for farming purOf which number ninety-six were males, and poses at a cost of $7,500. The current expenses eighty-four females.

for the year amounted to $24,026.14. The current expenses of the year amounted The condition of the State Prison is satisto $11,205.03. The farm, worked principally factory. The convicts have earned during the by the patients, has yielded a profit during the year $82,450.96. past two years of over $6,000. The whole number of pupils in attendance,

Increase of supplies and materials during

$5,555 61 Juring the year, upon the Wisconsin Institute for the education of the deaf and dumb, las Total credits..

$38,006 57 been 101. Number in attendance, October 1, Amount expended for support of the 1866, 84. The trustees received from the Stato


39,263 45 and other sources during the fiscal year $20, Total cost to the State during the 678.80, and have expended $24,070.28.

fiscal year.......

$1,256 88 Owing to adverse legislation in 1865, requir- Number of convicts, September 30, 1865...... 97 ing from pupils payment for board, or a certifi

received during the year... 145 cate from the county judge of the inability of

discharged parents to make such payment, the condition

confined, Sept. 30, 1866.... 169 Increase during the year...

72 of the Institution for the Blind is very unsatis- · factory. The number of pupils has decreased It is a remarkable fact, which deserves confrom fifty-four to eighteen, and the trustees as- sideration, that of the 229 convicts committed sert that “ from one of the most prosperous and during the past three years, only four per cent. efficient schools of its kind in the country, the could be called skilful mechanics, while not institution, by the action of this law, has sud- more than ten per cent. knew the first rudidenly been reduced to cne of the most in- ments of a trade. significant."

The Legislature, on the last day of the sesThe expenditures for the last fiscal year sion, passed“ an act to reorganize and enlarge were, for building shop and other improve- the State University.” By this act the unimnents, $7,790.05, and for current expenses, versity is made to consist of a College of Arts, $16,471.74.

a College of Letters, and “such professional In addition to the above a “Homo" for sol- and other colleges as from time to time may be diers' orphans was opened January 1st, before added thereto, or connected therewith.” The provision could be made forits organization under College of Arts is designed to do what would State control, the necessary means having been be done by an agricultural college. The profurnished in great part by private subscription. ceeds of the 240,000 acres of land, granted by The amount received by such subscriptions was Congress to the State in aid of an agricultural $12.831.69. The amount expended for repairs, college, are to be given to the university. It furniture, and current expenses, was $21,106.07. was made a condition to the validity of this act The property was purchased by the State for that the Connty of Dane, in which the univer$10.000, and the Home became a State institu- sity is located, should guarantee the sum of tion March 31, 1866, since which time the trus- $10,000 to be used in the purchase and imtees have received for its support $25,000 from provement of the experimental farm. This the State, and $404.75 from other sources. condition was promptly met.

The regents Amount expended during the fiscal year, $17,- have purchased 195 acres of land adjoining the 460.20. Balance on band, September 30, 1866, original plot, including various buildings, for an $7,944.07. On the 1st day of January, 1867, experimental farm, at a cost of $27,054. 298 children had been received into the Home, The total productive fund of the institution of whom 57 have been removed by parents and is now $168,298.57, the interest of which, toguardians, and 5 have died, leaving the num- gether with such sums as may be received for ber of inmates on that day 236.

tuition, room rent, etc., will insure an annual The Board of Managers of the State Reform income of about $15,000, while the estimated School report that the whole number of chil- expenditure for each year is about $21,000, dren received since the opening of the school, leaving the annual income of the institution July 23, 1860, is 400. Of these, 340 were bors, inadequate to its proper support by about and 60 girls.

$6,000. There are 17,982 acres of university The whole number of inmates during the past

land and 233,556 acres of agricultural college

209 land belonging to the fund, and as they are year was. Vumber of inmates, October 1, 1865.

155 disposed of, the deficit will, of course, diminish. 1, 1566.

One student from each Assembly district will Largest number of inmates at any one time..... 160 be admitted free of charge for tuition.

No death has ever occurred among the in At the election in November, the whole mates since the school was first established. number of votes given for members of ConOn the 10th of January the main building was gress was 134,739, of which 79,323 were for destroyed by fire. Instead of the one burned, the Republican candidates, and 55,416 for the


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