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SECTION IV. 1. The times, places, and manner of holding elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may, at any time, by law, make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of choosing Senators.

II. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year ; and such meeting shall be on the firft Monday in December, unless they shall, by law, appoint a different day.

SECTION V. I. Each House shall be the judge of the elections, returns, and qualifications of its own members; and a majority of each shall' conftitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner, and under fuch penalties, as each House may provide.

II. Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings," punish its members for disorderly behaviour, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member.

III. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and, from time to time, publish the same, excepting such parts as may, in their judgment, require fecrefy; and the yeas and nays of the members of either House, on any question, shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journal.

IV. Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be fitting

SECTION VI. I. The Senators and Keprelentatives shall receive a compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall, in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective Houses, and in going to, and returning from the same ; and for any speech or debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other place.

II. ·No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been increaled, during such time ; and no person, helding any office under the United States, shall be a member of either House during his continuance in office.

SECTIOX VII. I. All bills for raising revenue, shall originate in the House of Representa:ives; but the Senate shall propose or concur with amendments as on other bills.


II. Every bill which fall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a law, be presented to the President of the United States. If he approve, he shall sign it; but, if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsideration, two-thirds of that House Thall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered; and, if approved by two-thirds of that House, it shall become a law But, in all such cases, the votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and nays; and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill, shall be entered on the journal of each House refpe&tively. If any bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days (õundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress, by their adjournment, prevent its return; in which case, it shall not be a law.

III. Every order, resolution, or vote, to which the concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necefiary (except on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and, before the same shall take effect, be approved by him ; or, being disapproved by him, shall be repafied by two-thirds of both Houses according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill.

SECTION VIII. The Congress shall have power

1. To lay and collect taxes; duties, impofts, and excises, to pay the debts, and provide for the common defence and general welfare of the United States; but all duties, impofts, and excites Thall be uniform throughout the United States.

11. To borrow money on the credit of the United States.

III. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian tribes.

IV. To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies, throughout the United States.

V. To coin money ; regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin; and ix the ftandard of weights and measures.

VI. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States.

VII. To establith post offices and poft roads.

VIII. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by becuring for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclulive right to their respective writings and discoveries. IX. To constitute iribunals inferior to the Supreme Court.


X. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offences against the law of nations.

XI: To declare war; grant letters of marque and reprisali and make rules concerning captures en land and water. · XII. To raise and support armies. But no appropriation of money for that use, shall be for a longer term than two years.

XIII. To provide and maintain a navy.

XIV. To make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces.

XV. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the. laws of the Union, fupprefs inlurrections, and repel invasions.

XVI. To provide for organizing, arming, and difciplining the militia, and for governing {uch part of them as may be employed in the service of the Uifted States; reserving to the States respectively the appointment of the officers, and the authority of training the militia according to the discipline prelcribed by Congress.

XVII. To exercise exclusive legislation in all casos whatsoever, over fuchdifrict (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by ceflion of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the Government of the United States; and to exercise like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the Legislature of the State in which the same thall be, for the ere&tion of forts, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful buildings - And,

XVIII. To make all laws whick shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vefted by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.

SECTION IX. 1. The migration or importation of fach persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, fhall not be prohibited by the Congress, prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight; but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each perlon.

11. The privilege of the writ of Habeas Corpus Thall not be suspended, unless when, in cases of rebellion or invasion, the public safety may require it.

III. No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed.

IV. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the cenfus or enumeration herein before dire&ed to be taken.

V. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any State. No preference shall be given, by any regulation of com. snerce or revenue, to the ports of one State over those of ano. ther; nor fall vesels, bound to or from one State, be obliged to enrer, clear, or pay duties in another.


VI. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in confequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular fatement and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be published from time to tinie.

VII. No title of nobility fall be granted by the United Srates: And no person, holding any office of profit or trust un. der them, thall, without the content of Congrels, accept of any presens, emolument, office or title of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.

SECTION X. I. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal: coin money; emit bills of credit: make any thing but gold and filver coin á tender in payment of debts ; pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any title of nobility.

II. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any impofts or duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws; and the net produce of all duties and impofts iaid by any State on imports or exports, shall be for the use of the Treasury of the U. nited States; and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of Congrofs. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty on tomage, keep troops or thips of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in war, un. less actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay.

ARTICLE II ---SECTION I. 1. The Executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice-President, chol. en for the same term, be elected as follows:

II. Each State ihall appoint, in such manner as the Legisla. ture thereof may direct, a number of Electors, equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives, to which the State may be entitled in the Congress; but no Senator, or Re. presentative, or person holding any office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Ele&tor.

III. The Electors fhail meet in their respective States, and vote, by ballot, for two persons, of whom, one, at leak, fal! not be an in babitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a list of all the perfons voted for, and of the number of votes for each ; which lift they shall lign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the Prelident of the Senate. The President


of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted The person having the greatest number of votes shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such majority, and have an equal number of votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately chooie, by ballot, one of them for President; and if no person have a majority, then, from the five higheit on the list, the said House ihall in like manner choose the President. But, in choosing the President, the votes fliall be taken by States, the Representation from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member, or members, from twothirds of the States; and a majority of all the States Thall be necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the President, the person having the greatest number of votes of the Electors shall be the Vice-President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal votes, the Senate shall choose frona them, by ballot, the Vice-President.

IV. The Congress may determine the time of choosing the Electors, and the day on which they shall give their votes ; which day shall be the same throughout the United States.

V. No perfon, except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States at the time of the adoption of this Conftitution, fall be eligible to the office of President. Neither shall any person be eligible to that office, who shall not have attained to the age of 35 years, and been 14 years a resident within the United States.

VI. In cale of the removal of the President from office, or of his death, resignation, or inability to discharge the powers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on the VicePresident; and the Congress may, by law, provide for the case of removal, death, resignation, or inability, both of the Prelident and Vice-President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President; and fuch Officer shall act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a President shall be elected

VII. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services, a compentation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected ; and he shall not receive, within that period, any other emolument from the United States, or any of them.

VIII. Before he enter on the execution of his ofice, he shall take the following oath, or affirmation :-“ I do folemnly swear “ (or allirm), That I will faithfully execute the otice of Presi“ dent of the United States; and will, to the belt of my ability,

preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United




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