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acea for all the ills that dependent, are not able to provide necessary and delinquent, and neglected children convenient food and clothing for their were heir to, has undoubtedly result children and will not dispose of them ed in weakening family ties to a very
themselves so as they may be better considerable extent. This is the case provided for; such said children especially, of course, among those shall be disposed of by the said men most susceptible to this evil, and, in so appointed as they shall see meet my estimation, has been decidedly so as they may be comfortably proimmoral in its tendencies. Instead vided for in the premises and the sev. of seeking to build up the family eral towns shall return the names of where it showed such signs of dete such men as shall be deputed and rioration as to come to the atiention
chosen unto the Court.” Certainly of the poor-law officials, or, possibly,
a very crude and handy statute, and in some instances, to that of the po not one encumbered with any red lice court magistrate, the effort has tape provisions, such as keeping a been in many cases to take away the
record of the whereabouts of the children, and thus to remove from
children thus transplanted, or of seethe parents what should be the ing that they are suitably cared for strongest possible incentive towards after they were removed from their maintaining a decent home.
natural guardians. Recently, in looking over the rec
From this unfortunate and perilords of Plymouth Colony, as they ous tendency, and owing, perhaps, have been published by the state of in some measure at least, to the rapMassachusetts, I was surprised to
id increase and growth of children's find that this very custom dated back institutions in this state, a reaction almost to the landing of the Pil
has set in, which seeks to keep grims, copied in all probability from family homes together, or, where some English law, for in the year this is impracticable, to transplant 1658, the government of the colony dependent children to such homes, enacted a statute as follows: "Where- and with the principle behind this as, it is observed that divers persons movement I am in complete symin this Government are not able to pathy. provide competent and convenient Turning now to co-operation befood and raiment for their children, tween public and private agencies whereby it is that poor children are designed to place children in family exposed unto great want and ex homes and to keep such homes totremity; it is enacted by the court gether, we find a movement that has and the authority thereof, that made decided advances in New York two three
shall be state within the past few years. This chosen in every township of increased interest and effort have this government that all such as been largely due, I venture to say.
to the worthy chairman of this meet as well as from other societies, while ing, Mr. Folks, who, to my knowl some of the children apply directly edge, has had many a cheerful en to the society itself. It maintains counter with the ultra champions of at Kensico, N. Y., a farm school, the institutional idea, and also to his where the children can be sent, and co-workers, more particularly Miss where they are given instruction calClark, the assistant secretary of the culated better to fit them for family State Charities Aid Association, homes. whose various addresses on the prop The Rochester Children's Aid Soer methods of carrying on placing- ciety does much similar work for out work are well worth your reading. the public authorities of Monroe
So far as my knowledge goes, the County, who, in turn, I believe, conNew York Children's Aid Society tribute materially towards the exis the pioneer agency which has de- penses of the society. This society voted its efforts largely to this form also carries on the boarding-out sysof work. No other similar agency tem, many of the children boarded of which I have any knowledge has out being subsequently adopted, I am placed out so many children, and the told, by the families caring for them. society's opportunities for doing The State Charities Aid Associagood in this direction have simply tion has, in recent years, engaged in been without parallel.
this laudable work to a considerable years it has placed children largely extent, and, I believe, has carried it in the West, where, we learn from on in a thoroughly careful manner, the reports of the secretary of the worthy of emulation. The associasociety, some of them have become
tion not only engages in this work governors and other titled dignita- directly from its central office here ries. Mr. Brace will no doubt be in the United Charities Building, but glad to show you pictures of many carries it on through local commitof these children and of their country tees in Richmond and Allegany homes, which he has caused to be counties and at Newburgh. taken, or, possibly, has himself taken, In co-operation with the New on his visits to them. During York Association for Improving the the past few years the Children's Aid Condition of the Poor, the State Society has paid more attention than Charities Aid Association has, since theretofore to placing out children in March, 1898, been engaged in the this state, where many good homes work of boarding in country famiare to be found.
lies some of the foundlings and mothThe children placed out by the so erless infants previously cared for by ciety are received from commission
the Department of Public Charities ers of charities, superintendents of in the Infant's Hospital on Randall's the poor, and other public, officials, Island.
Another branch of the society's towards preventing the commitment work, that of providing situations in of children to institutions, in cases the country for destitute mothers where it seemed practicable to keep with infants, is closely related to the families together by supplying necessubject under consideration, for, sary help, which the society in each doubtless, many such mothers by be case undertook to secure. ing provided with situations in the These are some of the more imcountry have been saved from the
portant forms of co-operation benecessity of placing their children in tween public and private agencies in institutions.
this state in caring for children by In January, 1899, the Catholic taking them out or keeping them out Home Bureau for Dependent Chil of institutions. dren was incorporated for the pur Beyond this, many of the larger pose of placing destitute, dependent, institutions, such as the New York or neglected children in family Foundling Asylum and the New homes in accordance with the laws York Juvenile Asylum, have directly of this state, and in order to ac done a large amount of placing-out complish such purpose this organi- work, particularly in the West, a zation is empowered to receive such form of co-operation with the public children by surrender, commitment, authorities which has saved the city or otherwise, and to do such other much money and accomplished bework as may tend to improve the
neficent results. condition of such children.
I shall not weary you by attemptThis movement was established ing to quote statistics of their work. and is carried on with the express Any of the societies named will, sanction of the Archbishop of New doubtless, be glad to send you their York, and although a young or reports if you desire to pursue the ganization, has shown much com subject further. mendable activity. Its promoters
With a few notable exceptions, propose to co-operate actively with the representatives of both the inpublic officials in securing Catholic stitutional idea and the placing-out homes for Catholic children.
movement have unquestionably been, The Charity Organization Society and are, earnest and sincere in their of the city of New York has, since intentions, and have meant to seek June, 1898, carried on an important only the welfare of the children. and interesting work, to which I Further than this, both have unhave previously referred, through doubtedly done much good, each in its Committee on Dependent Chil its own particular sphere. For cerdren, acting in co-operation with the tain classes of children and for the Department of Public Charities. This
temporary care of others, instituwork has, in part, been directed tions will, doubtless, always be re
quired, but for normal children, be- reprimanded but not punished, and reft of friends, suitable family homes have been started on the road to reshould be found as early as possible. form. Through the agency of the In order to accomplish this result, court, children have been taken from more earnest co-operation is neces evil environment that has been the sary between the managers of insti cause of their misdemeanors, and tutions and the placing-out societies, placed in better surroundings. Those as well as between them and public whose conduct has not justified such officials. More than anything else treatment have been sent to instituthey need to come to a harmonious tions, but not branded with a crimiunderstanding, and to assist them nal sentence. Of the number sent to in doing so, as well as to accomplish the John Worthy School less than other beneficent results, a Conference three per cent have come again of Charities and Correction is being before the court for a second senorganized in this state, and is to tence, after they have been rehold its first meeting at the Capitol leased. Judge Tuthill considered in Albany in November next. From that it was his duty to endeavor to this movement it is hoped that much reform children and bring them back good will result especially in the di to a useful life, rather than to punish rection of securing more intelligent them. In speaking the other day and active co-operation between pub- upon the court's work, Judge Tuthill lic and private agencies in caring for paid a tribute to the earnest co-operchildren.
ation of the various organizations
which have taken up the cause of THE JUVENILE COURT OF CHICAGO.
poor, unfortunate children. It is The citizens of Chicago have tak fortunate that Judge Tuthill was seen a great interest in the workings lected to preside over this tribunal. of the juvenile court. It has only
How much better it is to attempt been in operation a year, and has, to reform children than it is in the therefore, been an experiment. first instance to commit them to jail, Committees have been sent from send them to bridewells and prisons. other cities and even from foreign We believe that the influence of this countries to watch its operation, and initial juvenile court will spread far report if it is a success.
and wide to other states and counpleased to be able to say that it has tries, and be productive of an unbeen more successful than its most
told amount of good.- Chicago Legal sanguine friends anticipated. Much
News. of its success is due to the kind Classified Advertisements. hearted and fatherly Judge Tuthill, Advertisements under this head, two lines or more
without display, 5 cents a line. who has presided. During the first year 2,298 children have been before Judge Tuthill, and of these 1,100
appeals for $50 in aid of a widow upwards of have been paroled to the probation
She is on the waiting list of a officers, and only 15 per cent of these ceived. The sum asked for will supplement the little
she can earn and otherwise acquire, and so enable her have been returned to the court for a to live comfortably meanwhile.
Any money for this case sent to the Charity Organi. second hearing. Hundreds of children zation Society, 105 East 22d street, will be duly and
publicly acknowledged. who have been guilty of some little
acknowledges the following offense for the first time have been
tributions for this case: “ E. L. M.," $10; J. Gould's Son & Co., $1.
HE CHARITY ORGANIZATION SOCIETY
seventy vears of age, infirm, and without children or relatives, home, but it will be some time before she can be re
THE OFFICIAL ORGAN OF
CITY OF NEW YORK.
ENTERED AS SECOND) - CLASS MATTER AT THE
or university settlements. One is in charge of a mission for Negroes.
One is engaged by the Board of THE CHARITY ORGANIZATION SOCIETY OF THE
Education of this city for its sum
mer playgrounds. Two will hold NEW YORK, N. Y., POST-OFFICE.
university fellowships during the 13 Issued every Saturday. Five cents a coming year. One is registrar of copy. Subscription price, one dollar a year, in advance. Three dollars a hundred.
the Educational Alliance. One is ADVERTISING RATES.
visitor in the Department of Public Classified advertisements, 5 cents a line,
Charities. eight words to the line, agate measure. The most remarkable feature of Display, 5 cents a line, 14 lines to the inch. Full page, 200 agate lines, $10. Half page, this—the third class conducted by 100 agate lines, $5. Quarter page, 50 agate lines, $2.50. Special position, twenty-five
Mr. Philip W. Ayres, with the asper cent additional.
sistance of the Charity Organization EDWARD T. DEVINE, Editor.
Society Committee on Philanthropic
Education—is its homogeneity in 105 East 22d Street,
spite of the varied sources from which NEW YORK, AUGUST 4, 1900.
its members were drawn. One of
the students at the close of the We invite attention to the article course remarked that he had never on the juvenile court of Chicago, had a more enjoyable six weeks. which we reprint from a Chicago The class worked hard, but—or, perlaw periodical. The Charter Revi- haps, we should say therefore—they sion Commission will be asked to
found the course profitable and enprovide for a special court for chil- joyable. dren in the charter for the city of We think that the series of thirtyNew York upon which they are now three lectures could not easily be at work.
matched, either for solid information
or for their qualities of interest and The Charity Organization Soci- inspiration. Of greater value still ety of New York city has engaged were the services of those who, like the services of four of the members Mr. Jeffrey R. Brackett, Mr. Homer of the class in philanthropic work, Folks, Miss Mary L. Birtwell, Mrs. which closed its session last week. Glendower Evans, Mrs. C. R. LowOne member is to be assistant secre ell, and others, attended the sessions tary of the Philadelphia society. of the class for a week or more, Another is district agent of the Asso- guiding or participating in its disciated Charities of Boston. An- cussions, and conferring personally other is in the service of the Chil with students. We trust that the dren's Home and Aid Society of Illi Summer School of 1900 may exert nois. Three are workers in college an abiding and deepening influence