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That scarlet fever and measles are and old-incurable people--as many conveyed in the particles of skin, comforts and brightening gists may and for this reason vaseline and oil be brought as one chooses. Soft rubs, and plentiful airing and ex pillows, head-rests, air cushions, rollposure to sun are required.
ing chairs, soft slippers, and gowns That in typhoid the stools are may be freely lavished. Too much infectious, and form the danger science is out of place with these point, and that that is the reason patients. Let the old grandmother why typhoid patients should always have her feather bed, and keep her be sent to the hospitals.
head tied up in a flannel petticoat; Such simple facts as these, with and if a chronic patient prefers teaching in practical ways of boiling sauerkraut and bologna to the nicely and burning, the disinfection of the made beef tea, let her have it. hands, the clothing, the hair, and the One more word, I am thoroughly discharges, are about all that one convinced that all persons intending can do, in the homes of the poor, to take up the care of the sick poor against infectious disease. Pre in their own homes should first take ventive measures, could they be al. the complete training of a nurse. ways carried out, would be the soundest sense-to give rest; to place in the fresh air; to supply amply
HOUSING PROBLEM IN LONDON. with good food; to remove from dangerous surroundings the individuals In London there is great opposiwho are seen to be running down, tion to the "block" dwelling in any growing thin, losing vitality, and so form, and a description of New preparing themselves for some in York's tenements always brings fection which, could they have been forth exclamations of horror from kept in health, they would surely those who have the housing question have resisted, but to which, enfeebled at heart. This aversion to congre. by under feeding, or excessive work, gate living is shared by those who or bad air, they easily succumb. work among the poor, and by the In conclusion, I would say that
mass of working people. the sick deem it of great importance Many philanthropic workers think that the visitor should not be in a that the block dwellings have a bad hurry. The time of the visit may effect on the people socially and be short, but the visitor's manner morally, but the chief objection is should be free from every vestige of the crowding on space. It is frebusiness-like haste. She need not quently contended that the crowding talk much, but listen to the long on given areas has been and will be account of symptoms without signs the cause of epidemics of such of abstraction. Patients love sym diseases where the germ of which pathy, and this they should have in can be transmitted by contaminated full measure. However, to help act. The absence of play space them it should be a tonic and cheer. young children, and their consequent ing sympathy, not the sentimental confinement to living rooms,isgreatly and enfeebling kind. Some beauty deprecated. The height of the should be brought in to the sick buildings, and their tendency to shut room also as well as medical ap off light and sunshine, is still another pliances and food. Flowers should objection. This one has been recog. be given, and pictures if this is nized by the Building Act, which possible.
prohibits the erection of a building, In the case of chronic invalids except within the isolated area of
the city, which exceeds in height proximity to the center of business the width of the street plus the side life. Sanitary inspectors are pracwalk. Therefore, if an owner wanted tically powerless in the worst districts; to put up a tall building, he must because they know if people are leave an additional space in front, turned out of one house for overthus sacrificing the depth of the crowding they will, after, perhaps, a building.
long and painful search, find a room The British workingman, in the in another house already filled to the main, detests blocks.
To be sure,
limit. Hence many of the san. the block dwelling erected by the itary requirements can not be endifferent companies and by the Lon forced. Clearances of slum areas as don County Council house a popu a whole in the minds of many people lation of 200,000; but that is only a only aggravate the evil, for the peosmall part of London's millions, and ple forced out of one slum overflow it is frequently asserted that these into nearby crowded streets and imbuildings are tenanted only because mediately create new slums. Lonthe people can not find accommo don, with its crowded crooked streets, dation elsewhere. Probably there back streets, alleys, and courts, many is no man on earth who is more con of which are completely concealed servative than the English laborer from the highways, offers a problem or artisan. He wants to live as his which is extremely perplexing; for fathers did. He wants a house of while there is great unanimity in his own, and his own front door. describing the conditions—indeed Just as the lord shuts himself up in workers in the different parishes vie his high-walled park, the workman with each other in painting the evils wants his own “castle,” away from in the darkest colors—there is an the intrusion of other people.
astonishing lack of settled opinion as As a result of that strong feeling, to the best method of meeting the London is a mass of chimney-potted difficulties and of reaching some satsmall cottages. In the more crowded isfactory solution of the problem sections, these cottages are sub-let and which is daily growing more acute. sub-let until often each room has its
R. H. family. It is that sort of life that is demoralizing to a high degree, and The economic utility of a state which produces the frightful over board having supervision of all the crowding and unsanitary conditions, state penal and charitable instituwhich now perplex every one who tions appears strongly in the recently has to deal either officially or sym- published biennial report of the Iowa pathetically with the housing prob- Board of Control. Before the creation lem. To an extent that Americans of the board the state was paying full can not understand, families are retail prices for many articles purwilling to live in a single room,
chased. As each institution was often in the most wretched neighbor- purchasing its own supplies indehood, for which they pay a rent equal pendent of the others, and only for to that paid for land rented for a month at a time, the amount of business purposes.
These people business was so small that manufacapparently won't leave, and hence turers, jobbers, and wholesalers took there is in each of these congested little interest in the matter, and the quarters a keen local competition for large amount of business was divided rooms which would keep rents at among many retailers, who reaped fancy prices even if the land had not disproportionate profits. The board an extremely high value from its found out about what was required
for all the institutions; and then Committee of One Hundred on every item required for the thirteen India Famine Relief. The letter under its direction for three months
bears the date of the India office, was scheduled under appropriate heads, as groceries, hardware, drugs,
London, June 16, and says: dry-goods, etc., and copies sent to
The Government of India has manufacturers and wholesalers, with
undertaken for years past the geninvitations to bid for their supply.
eral obligation of keeping the people As a result over four thousand bids
alive when attacked by famine or were secured, and under keen com scarcity of food. This task can only petition the most favorable prices
be performed wholesale. At the have been had. The board says that
present moment there are nearly six the saving to the state by purchas
million persons so maintained, who ing in this manner has been so great
are located in camps and put upon that it has been able to increase the
works of utility when capable of quantity and secure a better quality work; otherwise they are supported of material, and furnish many articles
in poorhouses and hospitals. So far to the institutions that with the
as the expenditure upon this system former methods of purchasing goods of wholesale relief is concerned there could not have been procured. The
is no lack of funds at present, and large surplus to the credit of the
should (which is improbable) the Iowa state institutions, which was
financial resources of the Govern. in excess of $100,000 at the close of ment of India prove hereafter insufthe last fiscal year, is mainly due to
ficient for these purposes, the Imthese methods of purchasing sup
perial treasury would come to their plies, and holding every person to a
assistance. strict accountability who handles or
But outside the defined sphere uses the property of the state.
of government operations there is a Evening Post.
vast field open to charity and pri[Hon. L. G. Kinne, who is a mem
vate benevolence. From the very ber of the Iowa State Board of Con
magnitude of the operations of the
government, discrimination as to the trol, in a paper at the Topeka Con- special wants of individuals is almost ference presented the argument in impossible. During the last few favor of a body with powers of this
weeks the famine camps have in kind, while the Rev. S. G. Smith of
certain districts been attacked by a
virulent form of cholera and smallSt. Paul presented the reasons for
pox, and this combination of dispreferring the Minnesota type, in ease and famine so aggravates the which the State Board is an inspect. situation as to baffle the supreme ing and advisory agency, but has no
efforts of the government in its power of direction or control-ED.]
endeavors to mitigate suffering and save life.
It may be said without exag. PRIVATE CHARITY IN INDIA.
geration that the conditions now
existing, and the scale on which The following is from a letter of government relief is found to be Lord George Hamilton, Secretary
necessary, are in themselves the for India, addressed to Ambassador
strongest proof of the need for char
itable effort to supplement, both in Choate, and by him forwarded to Mr.
money and by personal service, the William E. Dodge, Chairman of the work of the government. There is
the very large class of those-both proper industries. Fifty or a hunmen and women-who for reasons
dred years ago nearly every industry of caste, or from self-respect, will submit to any privation rather than
dealing with food or clothes was a expose themselves to the inevitable domestic occupation, carried on by publicity attending the receipt of women at home. Most of these ingovernment relief. There are also dustries have now been monopolized the cases of the old and infirm, of by men. Hence, it is rather men patients in hospitals, of children and
who have been encroaching on the orphans with which it is specially difficult
In sphere of women, than the reverse. this connection it should be remem | Equally unfounded, according to bered that the funds subscribed by the writer, is the popular belief that private charity are administered by
women are rushing into gainful purdistrict committees, working in each locality, in which the non-official
suits in such large number as to enelement largely predominates, and it danger the work of men. Although is, I think, obvious that this non from 1870 to 1890 the gain of official element makes the committees a more effective agency than
women workers was over forty per any purely official one could be for cent each decade, in proportion to dealing with the multifarious wants the growth of population the gain of individual sufferers.
was really only a little over three I therefore trust that the Committee of One Hundred will in no
per cent in twenty years; that is to way relax its efforts. Every sub say, in 1890 about twelve per cent scriber in the United States may be of the female population was emcertain that the money he gives will
ployed in a wage-earning capacity, not be wasted or tend to reduce government expenditure, but that as against nine per cent in 1870. it will relieve cases of individual distress lying outside the field of
Classified Advertisements. the operations of the government, Advertisements under this head, two lines or more which would thus, but for his gener
without display, 5 cents a line. osity, remain uncared for. In conclusion I would beg to be allowed
to Tappeals ARITMOORGANIZATION Sayeen take this opportunity of expressing contribute to the family support. She is industrious
and does all she can, but is crippled by personal sickmy appreciation of and gratitude ness and sickness in her family. She has no help from for the sympathy and generosity
relatives for all are as poor as she.
For $150 wherewith to provide for the pressing shown by the people of the United needs of an aged couple. They are respectable and
well educated. The man is too old to work at his proStates with India in the present fession and his wife is paralyzed. crisis.
For $60 to provide shelter for an old woman whom age and illness have incapacitated from work, but who
until recently supported herself. She has no relatives Harriet Stanton Blatch, in an ar
able to help her:
Any money for these cases sent to the Charity Orticle in the Evening Post, on
ganization Society, 105 East 22d Street, will be duly and
publicly acknowledged. unperceived fallacies in popular be The society acknowledges the following contribu
tions for the support of the aged woman for whom liefs, takes issue with the modern appeal was recently made, and for whom provision has
now been made: "Bar Harbor," $10; "A. M. C.," $2. idea that the lines of work which
REGULAR PHYSICIAN, WITH THE HIGHwomen are taking up in these days
A" est reference and a long experience as a Practi.
tioner, is in need of more work.
willing to assist at operations or to do any medical are really men's work, and that
As he speaks and writes German, French and
English, he would also be willing to give lessons or to
their are robbing men of
translate. Address H., care CHARITIES.
He is able and
THE OFFICIAL ORGAN OF
CITY OF NEW YORK.
evening a special department entitled The Common Weal. It is to be conducted by a settlement worker,
and will present from week to week EXTERED AS SECOND - CLASS MATTER AT THE significant new developments, par
NEW YORK, N, Y., POST-OFFICE.
ticularly in Boston, but also throughcopy. Subscription price, one dollar a year, out the country and abroad, in in advance. Three dollars a hundred.
effort for the improvement of social ADVERTISING RATES. Classified advertisements, 5 cents a line,
conditions. From the introductory eight words to the line, agate measure. article by Mr. Robert A. Woods we Display, 5 cents a line, 14 lines to the inch. Full page, 200 agate lines, $10. Half page,
quote the following paragraphs: 100 agate lines, $5. Quarter page, 50 agate lines, $2.50. Special position, twenty-five The man in need of food and per cent additional.
shelter has a claim as old as human EDWARD T. DEVINE, Editor.
history upon the man who has a PUBLICATION OFFICE : 105 East 22d Street.
home and abundance. But when
those in need become numerous, and NEW YORK, JULY 7, 1900.
especially when their numbers are
greatly swelled by “sturdy beggars,' The University of Pennsylvania the individual householder finds continues to give everincreasing at.
himself seriously responsible to the
public, if not to himself, to refuse to tention to its special courses in social
maintain the idle along with the work, and the announcement of this
distressed. The organization of department for the coming year will charity is simply a combination of be of interest to all practical workers householders wishing to fulfil the as well as to university specialists on
ancient obligation of hospitality in these subjects. Besides the courses
spite of the horde of those who
would abuse it. offered by the university instructors
With the passing of the simple there will be a series of single lec- home life and the simple form of tures and a course of several lectures industry of the old days disappeared, on selected topics to be given by, also, the old-time neighborhood circle (1) prominent theologians who will
in which persons of different sorts and
conditions,living near together, joined treat of religious denominational
with one another in common social, history in the United States, and
political, and religious interests. of practical reform work, institu These different sorts and conditions tional church work, etc. (2) Practi of people are now so widely separated cal workers in charities and munici- economically, educationally, racially, pal organizations who will explain religiously, and even geographically,
that the old neighborhood tie as a details of their administration and
means for holding different sections discuss the problems arising in prac- of society together has been effectutical experience in social reform ally shattered. Therefore, just as it movements.
became necessary to organize relief giving, so it also became necessary,
in districts whose social vitality was The Boston Transcript has under low, to organize the more refined taken to publish each Saturday way of assistance, encouragement,