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these boxes in use. The Glasgow tional League against Tuberculosis, Corporation propose to provide 500 which has recently been organized boxes as an experiment, and the in Naples. Superintendent of Parks has been asked to prepare and submit a de- Mr. William J. O'Brien, member sign of a box, with an estimate of of the Tenement-House Commission, the cost. The boxes will be lent for a who is also a delegate from the period of about six months annually, Granite Cutters' Union to the Cenand a deposit of one shilling will be tral Federated Union, asked the required before any box is sent out,

Union, on June 17, to appoint a to be refunded on the box being re

committee to draw up answers to

the questions asked by the Teneturned in good condition. While

ment-House Commission in its cirthe boxes will be lent as far as pos- cular. The request was complied sible to the residents in main thor- with, and delegates were appointed oughfares, it is the aim of the one each from the Plasterers', Steamcorporation that the boxes should

fitters', Hodcarriers', Theatrical Pro

tective, Electrical Workers', Blue be put mainly where the poorest

Stone Cutters', Machinists', and the residents were, mainly where there Carpenters' unions. were houses of one or two rooms.

The problem of providing healthy Pursuant to the provisions of an

homes for the working classes is a

matter of national importance, and act of Congress, the office of Superin. is seriously occupying the minds of tendent of Charities for the District

our leading statesmen. Upon its of Columbia will cease to exist on solution depends, to an extent which June 30, after which time the chari. may not at first sight be perceived, table affairs of the municipality will

the future of this country; for the

maintenance of the high position be managed by a board of charities, which England has won for herself consisting of five residents of the

among the nations of the world unDistrict, appointed by the President questionably rests upon the posseswith the advice and consent of the

sion of an exuberant population, Senate. The board is to have charge

which in mental, moral, and physical of all institutions of a charitable qualities shall be in no way inferior

to that of any other civilized people. or correctional and reformatory The nation which ceases to increase nature which are supported by ap- must cease to exist, and in the evopropriations of Congress. The mem- lution of empires dominion must bers of the board are to receive no

rest with those which have the greatcompensation, but may employ a

est population, and which include

the smallest proportion of physical secretary and any other officers and moral cripples and derelicts. necessary for the work of the board. The first requirement of a state is

that its citizens shall be, generally The widespread agitation againstalike in mind and body, and not en

speaking, good human animals, sound the spread of consumption has feebled in either by the many ingained a new ally in the Interna- jurious influences which appear to



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threaten, in an increasing degree, the manhood of England. It is manifestly impossible that a population of the high standard, which is unquestionably necessary, can be reared in an atmosphere of darkness and filth, in crowded dens where the very density of inhabitants prevents the observance of the most elementary measures of cleanliness and decency. The prime necessaries of life—food and clothing-have never been so cheap and abundant as they are today, and yet shelter and the comforts of a humble home have in late years become more and more difficult to obtain. The swarming population of our towns, and in a less de. gree, even the thinner population of the country districts, is only too frequently herded together in a manner which must necessarily render abortive any attempts at sanitation, and, consequently, any really high standard of health. Social reforms should commence in the home, but when the home consists of two or three crowded rooms, the agencies which are at work with the view of raising civilization to a higher level are frustrated; education, in the real sense of the word, is impossible; temperance can not be expected, and moral contamination is simply inevitable.-Surrey (Eng) Mirror,

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The Official Organ of the Charity Organization Society of the City of New York.

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We have not had such standards

as have existed in all the other The Summer School.. HOMER FOLKS.

prosessions. This school seems to Tenement Plans.

be the first reaching out for some


thing like a professional standard PARENTAL RESPONSIBILITY ...

among those who are engaged in MR. R. FULTON CUTTING'S PROPOSITION philanthropic work. FOR NON PAID Boards.....

Of course, none of you think for a MR. FRANK TUCKER ON THE USES AND moment that you will secure from LIMITATIONS OF MATERIAL RELIEF...


thiese six weeks in this Summer THE STATE CONFERENCE OF Charities.. 10 School, admirable as it is, the trainMr Thos. M. Mulry on Organization.... II ing: in philanthropy that a medical Justice Freedman's Decision...

student would secure, for instance, in The Vacation Schools.

a medical college; or that a student

of law would gain in three years in a THE SUMMER SCHOOL.

law school. We have nothing as yet

that corresponds to the great opporAddress at the opening meening of the tunities offered in those schools, but Third Session of the Summer School in Phil. while we can not expect to gain here anthropic Work conducted by the New that thorough preparation which can York Charity Organization Society. By be gained in a professional school of Homer Folks, Secretary of the State Charities the nature I have mentioned, there Aid Association :

are certain things which can be ob There is a certain propriety in

tained from this course, which are having some of the first words of very valuable, and which, without this welcome to the members of this

course, would come to the worker,

only after some years of experience. school come from one who is actively The worker would be handicapded engaged in the administration of by a great many difficulties which charitable work in New York city, could be obviated by such and is at the head of an office in course. which a number of persons are em- First, you will get a general acployed. I think no one appreciates quaintance with the literature of the more highly, or realizes more deeply subject and the sources of inforthe significance of this school than mation. You will find out here where one whose duty it is at times to to go to find out about charity; select and secure persons who are wliat are the best books on the actively to engage in charitable subject; who the people are who work. The difficulty of finding per- have given this subject thought, sons who had the proper training and whose opinions are worth conand who have had some acquaintance adering, and where they are to be with the subject, is something which found. has been nothing less than appalling. Secondly, you will gain some idea

a or

of the general scope of our charitable you will get ideas as to what a few work; you will sce the great divisions of these are. and branches into which the subject

I suppose that

most of the of charity is divided; you will see members of this class, and most the relation of these to one another; of the other persons who are and you will see that at heart they are presentare, are expecting all one, and that in whatever field you to be, engaged regularly and permay be working, you need to draw manently in some form of chariinspiration and to gain wisdom from table or philanthropic work, and every other department of charitable so it is proper to say a few words work. I remember very well that with regard to philanthropy as a that idea first came to my mind a profession. In what way should year after I had been engaged in a young person taking up chari. the administrative work of a charity table work view that work? Is it office; and it came through the me- simply an occupation, a means of dium of the National Conference of gaining a livelihood? Or is it a proCharities and Correction. At that fession? And if so, is it a learned session I saw that the great group profession? What is its place to be of charities is at heart one, and that among the group of subjects and of any man who works earnestly and in- the different sorts of knowledge to telligently in any department of any which people give their time? Perone of those fields is a man I should haps ten or fifteen years ago we know, and the benefits of whose might have had some hesitation in anexperience I should gain for myself. swering that question. I think that

Thirdly, you will also get an now we need have none. The inidea as to the methods of char- creasing number of college-trained ity work and how we go about it; people who are turning to charitable something of the machinery that has work, the establishment of this very been elaborated. You will also be

You will also be school, and many other things prove able to find out to which depart. that philanthropy is to be one of ment to which you feel most at- the learned professions. There is tracted, in which you are most likely no doubt whatever that a much to be satisfied, in and which you larger proportion of those who are are most likciy to be useful. And engaging in charitable work of all this is one of the greatest ad. sorts and descriptions are collegevantages of this school, that even in trained people now, than was the taking a hasty survey of the entire case five or ien years ago. I rememfield, you are thus able to find your ber very well that when I had finplace in charity work.

ished Prof. Peabody's course in Fourthly, you will get some idea Ethics and Social Reform just ten of the general principles which under- years ago, and knowing that there lie, or should underlie, the adminis- was nothing lurther 1o be learned on tration of relief. That there are the subject, I turned to active partiprinciples we can not doubt; that cipation in that work. I thought that ihere is a right and a wrong way to one could then have counted on the help the poor and suffering; that fingers of two hands the university mistakes can be made; that there is men who at that time were engaged a ra:ional system in it all. just as in charitable work. At this time we much as in medicine, or law, or the- know that there are a great many so ology; this we can not doubt. We engaged, an increasing number every have made some progress in ascer- year. And this is true not only of taining the underlying principles and those who hold the more responsible

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