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great deal.

positions, but a large proportion of shall give us proper professional those who fill what have been re. standards. garded as the less responsible posi In conclusion, a few words of tions in the offices of charitable advice. Don't be discouraged by societies.

the fact that you do not find a conAn interesting article was written census of opinion on many subjects some time ago upon the subject of relating to charity. Men of training the after careers of college graduates, will differ largely on most subjects by President Charles F. Thwing. with which we will be concerned. He examined an encyclopedia of Remember that this is also true of bibliography which gave certain the other pro!essions, of medicine, of facts concerning the fifteen thou

fisteen thou- law, and of theology. I really feel sand best known men of the United that we have in this field as much States. He grouped them in seven solid ground as in any other line of teen different professions; and it thought. was very interesting to me to see Secondly,-write that he gave philanthropy as one of Do not become too absorbed in them. The number of persons who your regular duties, but take time devoting their time to philanthropy to put into sentences, to be read to, was 180. There were only two or read by, the public, your ideas professions in which there were a and the results of your experience. smaller number of people—actors To the members of the committee and inventors. Then he gave the and to the citizens of New York other proportion of the people engaged than the members of the class who in each profession who were college are present, I should like to say that graduates, and he found that six we have a great field in this Summer teen per cent of those engaged in School, and in the possibility of its philanthropic work were college early development into something graduates. There were only three permanent and important. I was of the professions in which the thinking only this afternoon that percentage of college graduates was

one of the most permanent and imsmaller -- explorers and pioneers, portant educational institutions in artists and inventors. We must this city, one of the very important accustom ourselves to the fact that departments of Columbia University, in these days new professions are only fifteen years ago, consisted of a being born with every decade, or committee, a clerk, a circular, and an perhaps two or three within a decade. idea. We have all of these except The matters that recently were re the circular, and that, I believe, is in garded as proper subjects for the preparation, and I firmly believe that novice, now are conceded to demand

we are working on the line of a great skill and training. The nursing of and important need; and that this the sick is one of the most striking school, or something which shall be instances in which a profession has suggested by this school, will bebeen developed, professional stand come one of the very important eduards secured and attained, and untold cational movements in this country. human suffering thereby relieved. The so-called learned professions are only becoming such slowly, and in

TENEMENT PLANS. that direction this profession is certainly moving forward faster than

There has been an interesting disany other. The thing that we most

cussion about tenement houses going need is some training school which on recently in the columns of the Real

Estate Record and Guide between Mr. also of the fact that loan and investPeter Herter, an architect and a ment companies can get practically builder and owner of tenement all the money they want for four and houses, and Mr. Ernest Flagg, also one-half per cent, it seems a bit curi. an architect and a builder and ous that a “practical" man should owner of tenement houses, and assert that investing in good bonds a member of the Tenement-House and mortgages will net ten per cent. Committee of the Charity Organ Mr. Herter's plan shows fourteen ization Society. It began in the rooms to the floor, with ten of the form of an editorial interview with fourteen rooms lighted only from Mr. Herter, who urdoubtedly con narrow spaces two feet cight inches siders himself a practical architect to three feet wide at the sides of the and builder, as well as

one who building, forming dark wells that understands the tenement-house were practically of no use for light, problem and the desires of tenement "but serving as excellent flues for house dwellers. Mr. Herter claims the spread of noise, odors, and disto speak from the point of view, not ease from floor to floor, and from simply of the landlord, but of the apartment to apartment," as well as tenant as well; and there is an ap fire from apartment to apartment, pearance of practicality and reason and from building to building. The in his remarks which gives them cer plan is not at all satisfactory with tainly all of the force to which they respect either to sanitary considerare entitled.

ations or to privacy of apartments. He begins with the assertion that The most important point in Mr. because of the risk and trouble, Flagg's discussion is his assertion and the increasing bills for yearly that houses free from the evils to repairs as tenement-house property which he calls attention as belonging grow's older, investments should to Mr. Herter's type of houses, can yield ten per cent net profit; be built at less cost. According to and that money when invested in Mr. Flagg an entirely unnecessary other good forms of security ordi amount of space is devoted to wells narily yields as large a return as ten and partitions, and he gives examples per cent. One does not wish to speak of plans in which only sixteen and a of Mr. Herter's arguments in the half per cent of the area of the lot same way in which he speaks of is occupied by these parts. Mr. Mr. Flagg's, but it is surprising Flagg's building covers five per cent that a “practical” man should ap- less of the lot and gives a rentable parently be ignorant of the prevail- space about four per cent greater ing rates of interest on government than Mr. Herter's. bonds, on real estate securities, and In Mr. Flagg's plans, privacy is other safe investments. In view of secured, and there is an outlook for the fact that four per cent is high each room on a space not less than interest on government bonds, and six feet six inches in width. Each

apartment has its own water-closet, very greatest moment. To maintain and the rooms have cross ventila that no tenements can be built at a tion. All bedrooms can be reached profit which radically differ from the from the living room without pass. accepted type is to maintain that the ing through any other bedroom.

tenement-house reformers are wastFive-sevenths of the apartment have ing their time. It is even to main

tain that the great majority of the an outlook toward the street. The inhabitants of New York must constairs are abundantly lighted at every tinue to be lodged in places unfit for floor, and the long dark corridors are human habitation.

human habitation. That is a conabolished.

clusion which we should not admit In comparing the two plans, Mr.

except upon uninpeachable and

overwhelming evidence. Herter ciaims for his own the merit

One remark made by the advocate of putting living rooms either in the of rationalizing the traditional tenefront or in the rear of buildings, the ment-house plan strikes us as cononly two positions where there is taining the gist of the whole matter.

This is the remark that the greatest any outlook, and says that tenants

obstacle in the way of teneinentwill not rent buildings with any house reform is the New York unit other arrangement of rooms.

That of space-the 25 by 100 foot lot. may all be very "practical,” but as That is what we have been maina matter of fact, buildings with Mr. taining and what all tenement-house Flagg's method of arrangement do

resormers find. The Street Commis

sioners of 1807 did a great deal of rent to good advantage, as is evi

mischief. One of the worst things denced by a report made in the same they did was to create by their disissue of the Record and Guide in positions this unit of space. The which Mr. Herter's article appears.

result is that a tenement house on a The report shows that the Alfred single lot has become the prevailing

form of real estate investinent. The Corning Clark group of tenements plain fact is that any tenement-house on Sixty-eighth and Sixty-ninth reformer who confines himself to streets, which were built by Mr. inquiring how tolerable can be made Flagg on the plan which Mr. Her

the condition of the members of four ter calls impracticable, do rent well,

families on a floor in a tenement

house on a single "inside lot" is, and do pay a good rate of interest.

indeed, wasting his time. It can not Of the 373 apartments which these be inade tolerable. It is necessary houses contain, the average vacan to refuse to recognize the city lot cies for the year numbered only seven

and the tenement-house plan and the teen, or 4:56 per cent of the whole

customary real estate investment as

laws of nature or as anything but the number, and they paid six per cent

results of human thoughtlessness. If upon the investment, besides one

it were ordained that henceforth no per cent upon the investment toward tenement should be built on less than the general expenses of the company.

two lots, the investors and the teneThe New York Times in comment

ment-house builders would soon rec

oncile themselves to that condition. ing on this matter says:

But to truckle to their prejudices and The question is, of course, of the to pretend that the impossible feat

can be performed is to preclude any State Legislature, taking a larger possibility of real tenement-house view, think otherwise. Certainly the reform.

charitable millionaires who spend

their superfluous money in providing THE LONDON - HOSPITAL” ON VISIONARIES.

good homes for their workers will The New York State Legislature

never be the less millionaires for that.

Good conditions of work, of which has recently passed a tenement-house

good housing is not the least, help commission bill which is exciting a to make good workers and certainly good deal of comment. The City

help to keep them when they have Commissioner of Buildings, Mr. been found. - Hospital, London. Thomas J. Brady, strongly objects to the appointment of the commission. A committee of the Charity

The report of the Local GovernOrganization Society has been in

ment Board with reserence to pauperquiring into the housing of the poor ism in England and Wales shows in New York city of late, and Mr. a decrease of pauperism in every Brady does not like them and thinks

poor law division of England and this commission will prove another of the same sort. “I regard that


Wales, except in London. committee,” he says, “as a sort of

least satisfactory figures in the committee of self-appointed busy. report are those relating to chilbodies who undertake to lay down dren. The number of pauper chilcertain rules which should be fol.

dren under the age of 16, including lowed by philanthropic persons, and

insane, was 208,285, considerably who attempt to tell charitable millionaires how they ought to spend

more than one fourth of the total. their money. These committee men Of these about 50,000 were in work. are not practical. They are not houses, infirmaries, and schools of builders. They are not investors. various description, the remainder They are visionary theorists." A being in receipt of outdoor relief. great many persons on this side of Only 7,358 children, or about one in the Atlantic are of Mr. Brady's twenty-nine, were boarded out in reopinion. Yet it may be doubted if spectable homes. it is not they themselves who are the visionaries and the theorists. They Classified Advertisements. see--in a vision, for they will never Advertisements under this head, two lines or more see it elsewhere-a happy land,

without display, 5 cents a line. where a nation is great and strong

"HE CHARITY ORGANIZATION SOCIETY and progressive, although its work. TH

renews its appeals for $70 with which to pay the

expenses back to Suria of a young Armenian ers live unhealthy and stunted lives

widow with one child. She has been in the country in overcrowded homes. They are

for the past six years and was able to support herself

by work until a year ago when she took sick and has visionaries, who believe you can since been practically laid as de. She has assurances

from her relatives in Syria that she will be cared for have anemic men and consumptive by them, and she is very anxious to

desirable to send her off at an early date, so the society women and yet have no paupers to hope that the public response will be prompt. maintain. They are visionaries who For $60 to provide shelter for an old woman, whom

age and illness have incapacitated from work, but who believe that a nation can compete until recently supported herself. She has no relatives

able to help her. with its neighbors in trade and in Any money for these cases sent to the Charity dustry with workers who live under Organization Society 10, East 22d Street, will be

duly and publicly acknowledged. conditions that make perfect health The society acknowledges the following additional

contributions received in response to its appeal for two impossible. That is Mr. Brady's agert women: "C. A. V "A. M. S.," and Charles vision.

H. Marshall, $s each ; "V. and A.," $3; “ F. G. D." Perhaps the New York


o back.

It is

CHARSTSES who, after having demonstrated her




own entire unfitness to care for her offspring so that they were removed from her by order of the court,

has nevertheless done something of ENTERED AS SECOND - CLASS MATTER AT THE NEW YORK, N. Y., POST-OFFICE.

a business as intermediary beIssued every Saturday. Five cents a tween destitute mothers and institucopy. Subscription price, one dollar a year, in advance. Three dollars a hundred.

tions for children. Her plan is to ADVERTISING RATES.

convince the parents by the exerClassified advertisements, 5 cents a line, eighı words to the line, agate measure.

cise of her ingenious arts that she Display. 5 cents a line, 14 lines to the inch. has such relations with the instituFull page, 200 agate lines, $10. Hall page, 100 agate lines, $5. Quarter page, 50 agale

tions and with the city authorities lines, $2.50. Special position, twenty-five as will insure the commitment of any per cent additional.

children whom she brings to their EDWARD T. DEVINE, Editor.

notice. Her fee for such service PUBLICATION OFFICE : 105 East 22d Street. varies, but would apparently aver

This NEW YORK, JUNE 30, 1960.

age about $15 per capita.

suin is collected from the parents The newspapers gave considerable of the child or from benevolent inspace last week to a story of the sale, dividuals to whom the woman makes for $100, of a baby for whom the personal appeals, or not improbably destitute mother was unable to care. sometimes even from both sources Later accounts raise doubt as to the in succession. In some instances the legality of the transaction and as to institutions have received the chilwhether the amount of money ob. dren as nephews or nieces of the intained by the mother was really termediary, in some instances merely $100 or only $1. Waiving both as destitute children in whom she is points as of comparatively little supposed to be interested. importance, except as affecting the The name of this extraordinary news quality of the incident, the woman is Eleanora Dels, although thoughtful observer will notice that she appears also under the name of the transaction is more typical than Del Drago, Del Vasto, Stein, and it is agreeable to contemplate. It is Doltz, and with these various names not often that parents undertake to in every conceivable combination. give a bill of sale, or that money is She has been herself committed at paid to the parent who relinquishes one time for two years to a public all interest in the child; but a trans institution, known as the state prison; fer of such interest without compen- and many interesting details of her sation, or ostentimes with actual pay- personal career are known to the ment on the part of the mother, is Society for the Prevention of Vice, unfortunately not unknown.

the Society for the Prevention of There is still living in New York Cruelty to Children, the Departcity an enterprising adventuress ment of Public Charities, the State

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