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Board of Charities, the institutions of nineteen members practically apwith which she has had dealings,- pointed by the Mayor, and serving and the parents who have been her without pay. This system embodies, customers.

Mr. Cutting believes, the true phil

osophy of municipal administration. We fear that the existence of Del The members of this board are Drago and the sale of the baby re "counsellors," and their existence is ported by the newspapers are symp the recognition in this department of toms of a weakening of parental a distinction between the legislative responsibility. If so, every agency and administrative functions of defor constructive social work should partmental government. Mr. Cutendeavor strenuously to counteractting proposes for all of the departit. Clearly it is not desirable that ments, except those of Finance and parents should sell or give away their Law, the appointinent by the Mayor offspring, still less that they shɔuld of boards similar to the Board of hire others to take them. The Education, each board to be responsituation, as is already widely recog.

sible for the policy of the departnized, calls for the combined efforts ment, and to have under its “advis. of religious and charitable and civic ory control” a paid commissioner or forces, both to prevent the necessity executive who shall be responsible for any such step in individual cases, for the administrative functions of and quite as obviously to create a the department. He thinks that sense of the wickedness and social there are a vast number of citizens danger of the parental indifference who would not give up their priwhich are implied by such instances. vate business to accept paid employ.

ment from the city, men whose Mr. R. Fulton Cutting, Presi- services can not be bought with dent of the Association for Improv. money nor their civic spirit measing the Condition of the Poor, has ured by commercial standards, but subinitted to the Charter Revision who would, in the way suggested, Commission in a printed pamphlet give their services to the city. Mr. some recommendations concerning Cutting believes the history of the the control of the various depart Education Department, the character ments of the city government. In of the non-paid members of the Park brief his plan is to do away with the Board, and the example of similar present system of plural-headed paid boards in the cities of Great Britain commissions, and to replace them furnish valid arguments for the with an unpaid board of from fifteen adoption of this system. It offers a to thirty members. The model or ex. means of introducing to one another, ample of Mr. Cutting's plan is to be in the field of patriotic service, reprefound in the present constitution of sentatives of classes now unfortu . the Department of Education. The nately separated by unfounded susauthority in this department is a board picions and industrial antagonism,

and it will do much to overthrow the system is carried to its logical the malicious spoils system which

conclusion. There the electoral

franchise carries with it the obligation has made politics a remunerative

of charitable service, and every citi. profession, not the service of the

zen annually serves a term as a local people.

visitor among the poor. With the Some considerations respecting complicated issues of our cosmothe plan as it affects the Department politan population this would be of Charities were given by Mr. Cut

impracticable in New York; but

with a strong central body to be ting in the March March number of

known, perhaps, as the Board for Municipal Affairs,” in an article on

the Improvement of the Condition “ Public Ownership and the Social of the people, and with affiliated Conscience."

coinmittees in every ward, the sys

tem would be sufficiently democThe system of department boards ratized, and the people brought “would enable the city to take ad under the subjective influence of vantage of the services of the most

participation in the city's applicd capable and devoted men and women, humanity.' among those who are giving their

The municipalization of private time and labor to the conduct of private institutions. Set them free charities, which Mr. Cutting advofrom the serious burden of financing cates, would involve a great additheir institutions and give them the tional expense. The millions conauthority of the state to enhance the tributed by the generous few would benefits of their judicious methods, have to be provided from a general and they will accomplish what is impossible today.

tax levy. The strictest economy in The weakness of voluntary charity the use of the city's present income in dealing with the complicated is would hardly suffice to meet the sues of poverty is its practical power new requirements; but there is lessness to enforce corrective meas

nothing terrible in this. The citiures. Kindness without authority

zens who now voluntarily support is shorn of half its efficacy; and while it is true that the mere distri. philanthropic institutions can fairly bution of alıns may be no charity at

be claimed to represent the highest all, the ideal to be sought is found standard of intelligence and virtue in a union of the personal element in the community, and they virtually of the voluntary with the disciplinary advocate a larger expenditure by it. element of the authoritative system.

The plan is interesting, and we It may be said that the state has hope to see it discussed. We are always failed in its effort to admin

informed of other suggestions of ister charity, and that the voluntary various kinds which have been or system is a great advance upon the

are to be submitted to the commisgovernmental, and this is largely sion, one or two of which, relating true; but the experiment has never

especially to the Charities Departbeen fairly tried under a democratic

ment, are to be outlined by their form of government, that is, a gov- proposers in CHARITIES. ernment by the people.'

In the German dual city of Elberfeld-Barmen, with a limited electo

There was a discussion of direct rate, and under favorable conditions, practical value to the students of the



Summer School on June 21, when either within or without him, have papers were presented by Mrs. F.P. gotten beyond his control. Strickland, Superintendent of the The problem of organized charity, Joint Application Bureau in the so far as it relates to the care and Charities Building, and Mrs. E.V.H. relief of destitute families in their Mansell, who is at the head of the homes, is the restoration of such Investigation Department of the families to economic independence. Charity Organization Society. From. The solution is best obtained by the a rich fund of personal experience higher type of trained professional both of these speakers were able to worker. The proper use of material draw suggestions, warnings, and relief is only to be obtained by illustrations of the right way to get placing its administration in the the facts upon which relief and care hands of professional workers of can be intelligently given.

ability and scientific training. On June 22, Mr. Frank Tucker, of ten propositions submitted for

The paper concluded with a series General Agent of the New York Association for Iinproving the Condi.

discussion, one of which

follows: tion of the Poor, read before the Summer School an exceptionally in

Organized charity as an educator

should teach the individual seeking teresting paper on the Uses and Limitations of Material Relief. He impulse to give it in the shape of

to give expression to the charitable traced the evolution of the chari. liberal financial assistance [to the ortable impulse from its cruder expres. ganized charities], or if such impulse sions when it meant only To Give,

must find expression in work that to the higher expressions in which it

such work should be performed en

tirely under the direction of the paid means not only To Give but To

professional worker, and only as supAct. Organized charity Mr. Tucker plementary to the work of such paid defines as the association of individ worker. uals seeking in an enlightened way,

This proposition naturally called through an experience gained in com

forth animated discussion which will mon, to encourage, develop, and

doubtless be continued in this and control that impulse of the human

other periodicals, or in the National heart which impels the individual to

Conference, where it would form an aid those whom he believes to be in

excellent topic for a section meeting. distress.

Two general directions may be given: Do not use material relief The State Conference of Charities when you can solve the problem in and Correction which was organized another way; do not limit it when on June 14, as reported in last week's by its liberal use you can restore to CHARITIES, has an excellent corps of economic independence him who officers and committees. The first has appealed to you to readjust his conference will be held in November, affairs which, by reason of conditions as soon as practicable after the na

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tional election. The chairmen of the a will executed within sixty days besection committees are all men whose fore death. The sums bequeathed standing is a sufficient guarantee that by the will to the charitable institu. they will give the time and thought tions pass to the sister of the de. necessary to make a success of any ceased. undertaking for which they become responsible. The program of the The Fifth District Committee of Section on the Care and Relief of the Charity Organization Society Needy Families in their homes is wishes again to call the attention of intrusted to a committee of which the readers of CHARITIES to the case Mr. Frederic Almy of Buffalo is of the blind sailor-blind for the last chairman.

eight years—who is very much in

need of a few weeks in the country. At a conference of Roman Catho.

He is not eligible to the Sailors' Snug lic workers held at St. Rose's settle

Harbor, not having sailed in Ameriment several weeks ago, Mr. Thomas

can vessels. His wife is recomM. Mulry made two practical sug

mended as an excellent laundress, gestions which are reported in the

and if she could secure some work in current number of the St. Vincent de

a country resort she could earn a Paul Quarterly: The first of these

good living and her husband could was for a regular organization of the

at the same time have, what he im. Catholic Charities; the other for

peratively necds, a change to country more active cooperation with non

air. The woman would be glad to Catholics by membership in the

work in an institution or hotel, if the Charity Organization Society. The

man could be accommodated at the speaker made it plain, says the

same place for the summer. Quarterly, that where non-Catholics were favorably disposed toward us it would increase the good that could

The vacation schools and playbe done; where they are unfavorably grounds will be opened on July 9, disposed, it would lessen the evil and continued for six weeks, if suflikely to be done, for it would enable ficient money can be obtained for us to care for the interests of our their support during that period. All

the buildings which were used last

year, except three which can not be Justice Freedman of the Supreme occupied on account of necessary Court has decided that bequests repairs, will be available this summade to the Home for Newsboy's mer. The play centres include five and to the Society of St. Vincent de kindergarten tents, five outdoor gymPaul by Marié 0. Hunt, whose will nasia, three Central Park kindergarwas made four days before her death, ten ground, six recreation piers, are void on the ground that such seven rool gardens, and ten swimcharitable corporations can not, under ming baths. There are also to be the law of 1848, take bequests under new play.ground and outdoor





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are desired by

The Workrooms

for Unskilled Women

of the

SOCIETY. Old garments and rags are used to supply work for those who would otherwise need relief, and the work is made a means of training for self-support. The workrooms desire a number of suits of underwear to be supplied to women whose clothes it is necessary to disinfect while they are at work.

Notify the Charity Organization Society, 105 East 22d Street, by postal or telephone: and packages will be sent sor.

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