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study and many problems to solve, fire-escapes, for so they are called! that will take time and patience. It I should call them curiosity shops, may seem disheartening to an on for they are covered with everything looker, for he can not see the ins from bedding down to flower-pots; and outs like a person that lives here you see rags of quilts and among the poor.

clothes; there you see chairs, tin There is one thing especially I boxes, ice boxes, dogs, birds, cats, think is dreadful, and I think it is rabbits, jars, and bottles of every dethe cause of a great many children scription, big parrots screeching at being so rude and forward. In the each other, canaries singing, and ordinary flats there is no privacy at children playing. Here and there all, either from your children, or you will find a fire-escape devoted your neighbors; for everything can to flowers alone, but rarely. They be heard unless you are as quiet as a are a sight to see. When I look deaf and dumb person. Of course through my windows and down bepeople do not always whisper. Now tween the rows of houses, where the there are many little things about yards are so small that the houses private business that husband and seem quite close together, it rewife wish to talk about, that con minds me of the old historical Petti. cern no one else. If in building the coat Lane, Whitechapel, in London. new model houses they would make I leave the third class entirely out, the walls and floors to deaden sound, for it is past my comprehension how it would be a great blessing to hu- they live at all. It is only an manity. The Charity Organiza- animal existence—work, eat, sleep, tion has done much towards drink. No thought of cleanliness in baths for the people ; but it would homes or themselves. That class is be a great benefit to many a poor the hardest to reach. It is a probfamily if they would build baths for lem how to deal with them, to better washing and drying clothes, charging their condition. It is of no so much an hour, as they have in whatever talking or preaching to London, for in small flats where them. The only way I see is force there are children, washing is very of example through their children. unhealthy, drying clothes where peo When they see the children growing ple eat and sleep, when the weather up to be what they should be, they is bad. If you hang them on the will be ashamed if they are not too roof you must watch them or they hardened and stupid with drink. If disappear; if you live in the back they do not entirely reform they and have pulley lines, in some places will keep within bounds for their a sheet and one table cloth fills the children's sakes, and the children line, and they blow over the next will be able to do a great deal with line, and get more dirty than before

their parents.

N. H. they were washed. The women up over you shake their bed clothes and

OUTDOOR RELIEF. rugs over your clothes; and if the people are not clean, then


At the recent convention of SuClothes will have animals walking perintendents of the Poor in Rome, about over them.

, Oh, there is lots to think about in N. Y., a number of subjects were a tenement-flat house. Talk about discussed-especially outdoor relief,


1 The Peoples' Baths are maintained by the Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor.

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sanatoria for tuberculosis, and the had been forced to appeal to the care of dependent children.

people for votes to continue him in Mr. A. W. Weber, of Otsego, read office, and was placed in the hands a paper on “Outside Relief," in of a non-partisan board consisting which he said:

of five members. At the time that There are

so many classes who board went into office the expendiapply for this relief, and their cir tures of the city, exclusive of those cumstances are so varied, that each of denominational and private relief must receive separate consideration; societies, approximated $20,000 per and it is absolutely impossible to lay down a set of rules that will

year for outdoor relief. A year ago apply with justice to the various

under the new system expenditures cases that present themselves. First, for the same work were $4,500, and there comes up for consideration the relief from other sources had the aged poor who have reared a

practically ceased. The method of family of children and find them unable or unwilling to assist their

the board is to cut off where posparents. I believe that, where it is sible all permanent relief, to investipossible, such children should be gate carefully all applications, and made to support their parents. I do to enforce the law by compelling all not deem it wise to hurry the aged those who are able to support them. off to the almshouses. Another

selves and those dependent upon class that deserves attention is the widows and orphans, oftentimes a

them to do so. little aid to supplement their efforts to make a living will enable them to ORGANIZATION OF THE STATE CONFERENCE. live together as a family. We should have an eye to the future welfare of A meeting was held Thursday, those whom we help as well as to June 14, in the United Charities their present needs, in determining Building, Fourth avenue and Twentyboth the amount of assistance that

second street, to make preliminary should be rendered and the manner in which it shall be given.

arrangements for a state conference Above all things investigate. Do

on charities, which will probably be not sit in your office and take all held at Albany some time next they say for granted, but go to their November. The meeting organized homes and see for yourself. Better by electing William Rhinelander spend a few dollars in investigating Stewart, chairman, and R. W. Hebthan to give it out in a heedless

berd, secretary. manner. While I believe that the

On recommendation of the Comworthy poor should be well cared

mittee on Permanent Organization for, I believe that there should be

these officers for the conference were careful administration of relief.

elected: President, William P. LetchMr. Patrick Redmond, of Water- worth, of Portage, ex-President of town, called attention to the system

the State Board of Charities; Vice

Presidents, Robert W. de Forest, of poor relief of that city. Two

President of the Charity Organiza. years ago the charitable departmenttion Society of New York; State of the city was taken out of the Controller Willian J. Morgan; and hands of the elective officer, who the Rev. Thomas A. Hendricks, of

the Children's Aid Society of Superintendent of State and Alien Rochester; Secretary, Homer Folks,

Poor. Secretary of the State Charities Aid Association; Assistant Secretaries,

At a recent meeting of the Board Frederic Almy, General Secretary of

of Managers of the New York State the Charity Organization Society of Hospital for the Care of Crippled Buffalo; Dr. John F. Fitzgerald,

and Deformed Children, held at the

home of Bishop Potter, its president, Superintendent of the State Custodial Asylum, Rome; and Clarence

the committee on site reported that V. Lodge. Superintendent of the

it had leased the home of Dr. Angell, Poor, Monroe County; Treasurer,

Paulding avenue, on the Hudson Frank Tucker, General Agent

River, in Tarrytown. The changes of the New York Association for

necessary to equip the building for Improving the Condition of the

hospital use will be made at once, Poor; Executive Committee, Wil

and it will be formally opened early liam Rhinelander Stewart, President

in the autumn.

The following of the State Board of Charities: physicians were elected members of Prof. George F. Canfield, President

the Consulting Medical Board: Dr. of the State Charities Aid Associa

Francis Delafield, Dr. Robert F. tion; John W. Keller, Commis

Weir, Dr. W. Gilman Thompson, sioner of Charities; Dr. F. Parke

Dr. Joseph D. Bryant, Dr. Lewis A. Lewis, Member of the Board of Stimson, Dr. A. Alexander Smith, Managers of the State School for

and Dr. Reginald H. Sayre, of this the

Blind, Buffalo; Thomas M. city; Dr. Roswell Park, of Buffalo,
Mulry, President of the Society of

and Dr. L. A. Weigel, of Rochester.
St. Vincent de Paul; Enoch V.
Stoddard, Vice-President of the Classified Advertisements.
State Board; and James Wood, Advertisements under this head, two lines or more
President of the Board of Managers

without display, 5 cents a line.
of the New York State Reformatory Toppe MBT ES towards a fondo biedronke
for Women, Mount Kisco.

There will probably be five sessions incapacitated from earning her living and is now of the conference, and it was de

wholly dependent upon her friends. The small amount

asked for will supplement what comes from another cided to have a separate committee

source and provide for the rest of her days.

For $25 to buy various liitle articles which will add to arrange a program for each ses very much to the comfort and happiness of an old

mań, educated and retined, who is an inmate of a sion. Chairmen of these committees Home. He has no relatives to call upon.

For $70 with which to pay the expenses back to were appointed as follows: Treat

Syria of a young Armenian widow with one child. ment of the Criminal, Thomas R.

She has been in the country for the past six years and

was able to support herself by work until a year ago Sturgis, President of the Board of when she took sick and has since been practically laid

aside. She has assurances from her relatives in Syria Managers of the Elmira Reform

that she will be cared for by them, and she is very atory ; Care and Relief of Needy

anxious to Lo back. It is desirable to send her off at

an early date, so the society hopes that the public Families in Their Own Homes, response will be prompt.

For $60 to provide shelter for an old woman, whom Frederic Aliny, Buffalo; Care of age and illness have incapacitated from work, but who Defective, Dependent, Delinquent,

supported herself. She has no relatives

able to help her.
and Neglected Children, the Rev. Any money for these cases sent to the Charity

Organization Society. 105 East 22d Street, will be
Thomas L. Kinkead. of St. Joseph's duly and publicly acknowledged.
Home for Destitute Children, Peek-

The Society also acknowledges the following con

tributions in response to appeals for the above: Lisskill; the Mentally Defective, Dr.

penard Stewart, $10; "G. W S." and "Miss R. I. B.,"

$5 each ; C. H. Loring, "J. T. G," and M. Weis, $2
William P.Spratling, Superintendent each ; cash, $1.
of the Craig Colony for Epileptics,

CRIB for a small baby is needed by the Seventh
Sonyea; and Institutional Care of A District Committee.
Destitute Adults, Byron M. Child,

ceipt of a postal card addressed to the Committee,

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until re

It will be sent for on re

care of CHARITIES,







from which they have leave of absence for the six weeks of the school.

The social opening on Monday evening was a delightful occasion. Mr. Homer Folks, Secretary of the

State Charities Aid Association, gave NEW YORK, N. Y., POST-OFFICE. se Issued every Saturday. Five cents a

an address in which the objects, the copy. Subscription price, one dollar a year,

possibilities, and the limitations of in advance. Three dollars a hundred.

the school were outlined. Professor ADVERTISING RATES. Classified advertisements, 5 cents a line,

F. G. Peabody, of Harvard Universeight words to the line, agate measure. ity, spoke briefly upon the advanDisplay, 5 cents a line, 14 lines to the inch. Full page, 200 agate lines, $10. Hali page,

tage of working "at the strategic 100 agate lines, $5. Quarter page, 50 agate point," at the point of greatest and lines, $2.50. Special position, twenty-five per cent additional.

most wide-spread interest, which is Edward T. DEVINE, Editor.

undoubtedly in the social field. The

address was an excellent introduction PUBLICATION OFFICE : 105 East 22d Street.

and supplement to the lecture deliv.

ered by Professor Peabody on Tues NEW YORK, JUNE 23, 1900. day morning, on the Expansion of

Charity, of which we hope to give In response to the circular letter, our readers a fuller report. which was reprinted in CHARITIES We extend a cordial welcome to of last week, the Tenement-House the students of the summer school, Commission has received a large and bespeak for them the hospitality number of letters containing much which charity workers and public valuable information and excellent officials have bestowed so bountisuggestions. We hope to be able to

We hope to be able to fully upon their predecessors. print extracts from some of these in future numbers and to invite dis Additional registrations for the cussion of the suggestions made to Summer School in Philanthropic the commission.

Work are :

Edward W. Capin, Fellow at Columbia

University The third session of the Summer

Mary A. Daniels, University of Minnesota.

Mrs. J. Riddle Goffe, New York city. School in Philanthropic Work opens C. S. Lowenstein, University of Cincinnati.

E. R. Park, University of Iowa. with great promise of usefulness and

Mrs Bond Thomas, University Settlement, influence. The twenty-eight stu

New York city. dents registered represent eleven states and at least ten universities. Lord Methuen, one of the comEleven are men and seventeen wo manding generals in South Africa, is men. Fourteen, or exactly one-half, the chairman for this year of the have had practical experience in Council of the London Charity charitable or social work, many of Organization Society. It is the whom are now occupying positions policy of this society to secure each

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year for its chairmen, men who are of the remains. Three guineas will prominent in public life, in one way or be charged for non-residents. another, with the intention of getting their interest and support. Before A volume has been announced, he was called to the field, Lord

entitled “Houses for the Working Methuen had been very active in

Classes in Urban Districts," by the work of the society.

Messrs. S. W. Cranfield and Potter,

of London, Associates of the Royal The Chicago Record, in comment Institute of British Architects, dealing upon some remarks of Mrs. ing with single and double tenement Frederick Nathan upon Preventive and other terrace houses suitable for Philanthropy, calls attention to a the laborer, mechanic, and other report made by the Health Depart. weekly wage-earners.

An attempt ment of Chicago, in which it is stated has been made by the authors to inthat the opening of the Chicago troduce some new ideas and imSanitary Canal has already resulted provements with strict regard for in a marked decrease in the number economy Detailed particulars of of deaths due to typhoid fever. each design are given, with further Manifestly in that case the way to information to make the book useful confer the greatest benefit on the to all those who can take an interest people of Chicago was not to build in the important question of housing more hospitals for typhoid fever the working classes. patients, but to remove the cause of the fever by purifying the city's Switzerland has expressed its water supply. Mrs. Nathan, in the opinion of old-age pensions through remarks alluded to, says that a good the referendum. In twenty-five candeal of “charity" reminds one of tons there was only one-Glarusthe so-called charitable manufacturer

with a slight majority in favor of the who reduced the wages of the em measure. In most of the cantons, ployés because he needed the money and in most of the districts of the to make his annual gifts for benevo- larger cantons, the majority against lent purposes. “Sometimes," she

“Sometimes," she it was in the proportion of seven to says. “I think that instead of being three. proud of our charitable institutions we ought to hang our heads in shame

With the object of brightening the for the need of them."

lives of the poor of Glasgow, the

corporation has decided to provide There are public crematoria in a number of window boxes of flowers Manchester, Liverpool, and Glasgow, for the poor. The idea comes from and one has just been opened in Liverpool. For several years now Hull. For a resident the charges the corporation, through its parks will be one guinea for an ordinary department, has provided these little cremation, including a year's storage luxuries, and now there are 1,800 of

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