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of bathrooms in the basements of fensive epithets. Few could resist tenement houses. These would be such taunts, and cleanliness, none under the control of the janitor, the less wholesome because enforcedl, who would keep them in perfect would surely result. Aside from the order and open-perhaps at stated slight inconvenience of going to and hours—for the use of the various from the common baths, it would tenements of the building. Mani- seem, nothing can be urged against fold advantages would arise from it. the introduction of such a system. In the first place, much valuable Classified Advertisements. space would be saved and utilized to Advertisements under this head, trvo lines or more

without display.5 cents a line. enlarge other rooms. The landlord would save considerable expense


M TIONS ; Literary Classes, conducted in clubs from the standpoint of construction,

or private houses. 34 W. 18th street, city. and the destruction of tubs and


asks for $120 to return to Italy a widow and six plumbing. Another, and quite de- children under thirieen years of age, the father

of the family having died about six months ago. cided advantage, would arise from The society also asks for $10 a month to pay rent for

a widow who supported her three children for a numthe improved facilities provided by ber of years and who would now need no help, except large and commodious common bath

that her eldest son, though only seventeen, has enlisted

in the regular army and gone to the Philippines. Her rooms, where roomy tubs supplied

other two boys together earn $7 a week, but her own

health has now broken down and she can not work with sprays, douches, and all the ap- at all.

The society renews its appeals for $50 to pay the pliances now in use by the wealthy, passage of a West Indian who desires to return to

his home. He has been in the United States for six could be found. As between the two years and has meantime been able to send for his

family and establish them here, but he has been ill with systems there can be no doubt as to

rheumatism for two years, and hopes that a winter

in the West Indies would enable him to return to where, on the score of general

work. He cannot bear the hardship of a steerage utility, the advantage lies.

passage, and therefore a large sum is asked.

For $55 towards the purchase of an artificial leg But the greatest benefits would for a Scotchman who came to this country only five

months ago and soon obtained work as a machinist. accrue to the tenants in another After two months his leg was so injured that ampu

tation was necessary. He feels sure of obtaining way. If bathrooms were provided work if a leg is provided for him, and he will be

asked to repay the amount advanced. for the common use of tenants, they For $75 10 pay rent for one year for an American would be forced to

widow who has an aged mother to support and no use them,

relatives who can help. They have supported themby the law of rivalry and emu

selves for the past twenty-two years and can do so no

longer. There are no children. lation, aided by the fear of ridi- For $5 a month to help in the care of two aged

women (both over 80 years old) living with a nephew cule—among the most potent of all and his wife, who also have charge of two orphan

girls, children of a sister. The old ladies supported human agents to effect results. themselves until incapacitated for work and then lived

on their savings for some years. With a bathroom in every set For $5 a month to help pay the rent for two women of apartments who would know

who have lived together and supported themselves for

twenty-five years." Now one is almost helpless from whether the Smiths or Johnsons in

an accident and the other being over sixty-seven

years old is unable to earn much and her savings are dulged in the luxury of a bath? But exhausted. Unavailing efforts have been made to

obtain a place in a Home for the disabled, and besides with the common baths in the base- this they of course prefer to remain together.

For $150 to help a lady who has charge of her father ment it would be quite otherwise. (nearly ninety-six years old) and of an invalid brother,

neither of whom can be placed in Homes. Th Spying tenants would report those herself is a teacher and does all she can for the support who availed themselves of the freely

of the family, and is also helped by friends.

For $10 a month to pay rent for a woman whose offered facilities and those who did

husband has deserted her and who is trying to support

her six young children (all under eight) with the help not. This circumstance would alone of a mother who lives with her and has been very

generous to her. be sufficient to send to the basement, For $100 to help a widow with six children, all under

thirteen years, whom she has done her best to support at stated intervals, all the tenants of for the past two years. She has lived twelve years at

her present address. a building who could not face the

Any money for these cases sent to the Charity words "non-bathers" and other of

Organization Society, 105 East 22d street, will be duly and publicly acknowledged.






present system in that state unprogressive and unsatisfactory. In its place the members will recommend

a paid board of control, similar to ENTERED AS SECOND - CLASS MATTER AT THE NEW YORK, N. Y., POST-OFFICE.

the New York board of lunacy, to IF Issued every Saturday. Five cents a consist of three members, a physicopy. Subscription price, one dollar a year, in advance. Three dollars a hundred. cian, a lawyer, and an additional citiADVERTISING RATES.

zen. It is thought that with a Classified advertisements, 5 cents a line, eight words to the line, agate measure.

board of control of this character, Display, 5 cents a line, 14 lines to the inch.

selected for a long term and at adeFull page, 200 agate lines, $10. Hall page, 100 agate lines, $5. Quarter page, 50 agate quate salaries, without reference to lines, $2.50 Special position, twenty-five political affiliations, a wise, humane, per cent additional. EDWARD T. DEVINE, Editor.

and economic administration of the

state institutions would be assured. 105 East 22d Street. NEW YORK, DECEMBER 1, 1900.

The New York Medical Journal

comments unfavorably upon the To correct a misapprehension on plan adopted by the charter rethe subject which prevails in some

vision commission for removing quarters we are authorized to an- Bellevue, Gouverneur, Harlem, and nounce that the department of public

Fordham hospitals from the jurischarities has no funds for the sup

diction of the commissioner of ply of free coal, and that no public public charities and placing them funds have been placed in the hands in charge of an unpaid board of of any private association for this seven members. The Journal quotes purpose. Families who are in need

President Keller of the department of fuel and whose needs should be of public charities as having intisupplied from charitable sources may

mated that the change was proposed be referred to the joint application with a view to placing the hospitals bureau, in the United Charities more completely under the control Building, conducted by the Charity of the teaching institutions. Mr. Organization Society and the Asso- Keller objects to this on the ground ciation for Improving the Condition

that the hospitals are intended of the Poor, where their needs will primarily for the relief of the sick be investigated and suitable action and only incidentally for educational taken.

purposes, and the Journal thinks

that his attitude on this subject will The state board of charities of receive the approbation of many Illinois, in its forthcoming annual members of the medical profession. report, will recommend its own aboli- The Journal predicts that the plan tion. The state board has found the would involve serious practical diffi

In any



culties of administration.

proposed is the desire to improve plan which severs the emergency

the administration of Bellevue hoshospitals from the overflow hospitals, pital, the most important institution the constantly recurring questions of the department of public charias to the responsibility for transfers ties, but the spirit is more than the would be to the detriment of the pa- form and we believe that the public tients involved.

spirit on which the authors of the

proposed scheme would rely for the More serious, however, is the de- improvements contemplated by them, parture which this plan involves from if directed toward effective co-operthe general principle of concentrating ation with the present commissioner responsibility for the conduct of the would equally well accomplish the city departments. The charter re- end desired. There has been imvision commission now proposes to provement, there is

for vest the direction of the department further improvement, but the obstaof public charities in a single com- cle lies in a lack of professional and missioner, and this proposition is public interest rather than in the pronounced by the Journal to be domination of politics. "one that will probably meet with the hearty approval of all who have

The Rev. William I. Nichols, gengiven any serious attention to the eral secretary of the Brooklyn Bureau problem of municipal government.” of Charities, made an address before If in order to remove the hospitals the Suffrage Association of Brooklyn, in question from the sphere of on November 20. Referring to the "practical politics,” it is necessary

work of the Bureau of Charities, Mr. to take them out of the department Nichols said that not one cent of the of public charities, they should still money contributed to it by the public be, in the opinion of the writer is used for running expenses, the whom we have quoted, under a sin

funds for its maintenance being obgle-headed commission, for the same tained through the labor of those arguments which prove the wisdom who apply for assistance, and who of a concentration of authority in are willing to work for what they the department of charities would receive. apply with equal force to the pro- This is one way of looking at the posed department of hospitals. matter, but we doubt whether it is

the best way. Why should not the We agree substantially with the

members of the Bureau contribute conclusions of Mr. Keller and Medi

money for its running expenses?

Mr. Nichols spoke in emphatic ical Journal as above expressed.

terms against the practice of indisWe have

doubt that the criminate bestowal of alms, adding: motive of the radical change “By giving a quarter or other



amounts to those who knock at their Treasurer Frank Tucker, of doors for aid, religious people, cler- New York. gymen, and others are encouraging Committees on Relief for the Sick dishonesty, gambling, and drunken- Poor-Division A, hospitals, disness in a way they never dream of. pensaries, and nursing, chairman, They are actually paying people to Dr. Stephen Smith, of New York; get drunk and to gamble. If a man Division B, sanatoria for consumpor woman wants a lodging they can tives, chairman, Dr. John H. Pryor, apply to us and we will get it for of Buffalo. them, and a card bearing the ad- Committee on the Treatment of dress should be given to them in- the Criminal — Chairman,

Hon. stead of money.

The quarter or George McLaughlin, of Albany. other sum can be sent to us with the Committee on the Care and Relief certainty that it will be expended in of Needy Families in Their Own the right way, for every cent con- Homes-Chairman, Frank Tucker, tributed to the bureau of charities of New York. finds its way into the pockets of the Committee on the Care of De

fective, Dependent, and Delinquent Children-Chairman, Dr. F. Park Lewis, of Buffalo.

Committee on the Institutional The New York State Conference

Care of Destitute Adults—Chairof Charities and Correction has the

man, Clarence V. Lodge, of Rochfollowing officers for its second ses

ester. sion to be held in November, 1901, in New York city :

Committee on the Mentally De

fective— Chairman, Dr. Peter M. President-Robert W. de Forest

Wise, of New York. (president of the Charity Organiza

Committee on Politics in Penal tion Society of the City of New

and Charitable Institutions-ChairYork and chairman of the Tenement

man, Mrs. Charles R. Lowell, of House Commission).

New York,
Vice-Presidents — T. Guilford
Smith, of Buffalo; Hon. Simon W.

The annual meeting of the ChilRosendale, of Albany; Thomas M.

dren's Aid Society was held on Mulry, of New York.

Tuesday at the Chase National Secretary-Robert W. Hebberd,

Bank. Mr. D. Willis James, presiof Albany.

dent; Mr. C. E. Whitehead, viceAssistant Secretaries—Dr. Lee K. president; Mr. A. B. Hepburn, treasFrankel, of New York; Miss Lucy urer; and Mr. C. L. Brace, secreC. Watson, of Utica; Mrs. August tary, were re-elected, and Messrs. Falker, of Syracuse.

William Church Osborn, Charles E.

Whitehead, J. Kennedy Tod, James to include in his department budget R. Roosevelt and Arthur C. James for the coming year the sum of $20,were re-elected trustees of the society 000 to establish and maintain an infor a term of three years.

stitution similar to that in New York

city. This sum of money, it is The annual meeting of the board claimed will be sufficient to rent and of trustees of St. John's Guild was fix up a building in a central locality, held November 21. Mr. William install heating apparatus and spray Sherer was elected president, to suc- baths and provide sleeping accommoceed former Mayor William L. dations for 300 persons. It is beStrong Mr. John P. Faure was lieved that the effect of the institutchosen as secretary, and Mr. I. N. tion will be to check vagrancy and Seligman as treasurer, to succeed petty crime. Mr. W. J. Waddell, now in Europe.

Mr. William R. Hunter, one of The corner-stone of the new the district superintendents of the Brightside Day Nursery and Kinder- Chicago Bureau of Charities, advogarten, at 89 Cannon street, was cates the establishment of a system laid with appropriate ceremoniesof police patrol in that city November 18. President Randolph similar to the one existing in Guggenheimer, of the council, acting in New York city.

He suggests for the city, delivered the principal that every vagrancy case be investiaddress. The ceremony was large- gated by a specially appointed comly attended.

mittee. The report of these investi

gators would be sent the The bureau of dependent chil- Bureau of Charities, and on the dren in the department of public undeserving a cumulative sentence charities in the month of October, to the workhouse would be imposed, committed seventy-nine children and while transportation would be proremoved from the roll of public vided for those who can prove a legal charges 139 children, making a net residence elsewhere. decrease of sixty in the month in It is Mr. Hunter's opinion that the number of children who are pub- Chicago is now the gathering place lic charges, through the action of the for tramps. Other cities, he says, department.

have suppressed them, but Chicago

offers the best living on the easiest Efforts made by the Chicago terms. Bureau of Charities to establish a municipal lodging house have re- The Chicago Bureau of Charities sulted in Mayor Harrison's instruct- has centralized its financial system. ing Health Commissioner Reynolds Instead of having a treasurer in each


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