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fensive epithets. Few could resist such taunts, and cleanliness, none the less wholesome because enforced, would surely result. Aside from the slight inconvenience of going to and from the common baths, it would seem, nothing can be urged against it.
Classified Advertisements. Advertisements under this head, two lines or more without display, 5 cents a line.
of bathrooms in the basements of tenement houses. These would be under the control of the janitor, who would keep them in perfect order and open—perhaps at stated hours for the use of the various tenements of the building. Manifold advantages would arise from the introduction of such a system. In the first place, much valuable space would be saved and utilized to enlarge other rooms. The landlord would save considerable expense from the standpoint of construction, and the destruction of tubs and plumbing. Another, and quite decided advantage, would arise from the improved facilities provided by large and commodious common bath rooms, where roomy tubs supplied with sprays, douches, and all the appliances now in use by the wealthy, could be found. As between the two systems there can be no doubt as to where, on the score of general utility, the advantage lies.
But the greatest benefits would accrue to the tenants in another way. If bathrooms were provided for the common use of tenants, they would be forced to use them, by the law of rivalry and emulation, aided by the fear of ridicule—among the most potent of all human agents to effect results. With bathroom in every set of apartments who would know whether the Smiths or Johnsons indulged in the luxury of a bath? But with the common baths in the basement it would be quite otherwise. Spying tenants would report those who availed themselves of the freely offered facilities and those who did not. This circumstance would alone be sufficient to send to the basement, at stated intervals, all the tenants of a building who could not face the words "non-bathers" and other of
ISS M. C. MCNEILL, READINGS; RECITA
TIONS ; Literary Classes, conducted in clubs
or private houses. 34 W. 18th street, city. HE CHARITY ORGANIZATION SOCIETY
asks for $120 to return to Italy a widow and six
children under thirteen years of age, the father of the family having died about six months ago.
The socieiy also asks for $10 a month to pay rent for a widow who supported her three children for a number of years and who would now need no help, except that her eldest son, though only seventeen, has enlisted in the regular army and gone to the Philippires. Her other two boys together earn $7 a week, but her own health has now broken down and she can not work at all.
The society renews its appeals for $50 to pay the passage of a West Indian who desires to return to his home. He has been in the United States for six years and has meantime been able to send for his family and establish them here, but he has been ill with rheumatism for two years, and hopes that a winter in the West Indies would enable him to return to work, He cannot bear the hardship of a steerage passage, and therefore a large sum is asked.
For $55 towards the purchase of an artificial leg for a Scotchman who came to this country only five months ago and soon obtained work as a machinist. After two months his leg was so injured that amputation was necessary. He feels sure of obtaining work if a leg is provided for him, and he will be asked to repay the amount advanced.
For $75 10 pay rent for one year for an American widow who has an aged mother to support and no relatives who can help. They have supported them. selves for the past twenty-two years and can do so no longer. There are no children.
For $5 a month to help in the care of two aged women (both over 80 years old) living with a nephew and his wife, who also have charge of two orphan girls, children of a sister. The old ladies supported themselves until incapacitated for work and then lived on their savings for some years.
For $5 a month to help pay the rent for two women who have lived together and supported ihemselves for twenty-five years. Now one is almost helpless from an accident and the other being over sixty-seven years old is unable to earn much and her savings are exhausted. Unavailing efforts have been made to obtain a place in a Home for the disabled, and besides this they of course prefer to remain togeiher.
For $150 to help a lady who has charge of her father (nearly ninety-six years old) and of an invalid brother, neither of whom can be placed in Homes. The lady herselt is a teacher and does all she can for the support of the family, and is also helped by friends.
For $10 a month to pay rent for a woman whose husband has deserted her and who is trying to support her six young children (all under eighủ with the help of a mother who lives with her and has been very generous to her.
For $100 to help a widow with six children, all under thirteen years, whom she has done her best to support for the past two years. She has lived twelve years at her present address.
Any money for these cases sent to the Charity Organization Society, 105 East 22d street, will be duly and publicly acknowledged.
THE OFFICIAL ORGAN OF
CITY OF NEW YORK.
NEW YORK, N. Y., POST-OFFICE.
" Issued every Saturday. Five cents a copy. Subscription price, one dollar a year, in advance. Three dollars a hundred.
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EDWARD T. DEVINE, Editor.
present system in that state unprogressive and unsatisfactory. In its place the members will recommend a paid board of control, similar to the New York board of lunacy, to consist of three members, a physician, a lawyer, and an additional citizen. It is thought that with a board of control of this character, selected for a long term and at adequate salaries, without reference to political affiliations, a wise, humane, and economic administration of the state institutions would be assured.
PUBLICATION OFFICE :
NEW YORK, DECEMBER I, 1900.
The New York Medical Journal
comments unfavorably upon the To correct a misapprehension on
plan adopted by the charter rethe subject which prevails in some
vision commission for removing quarters we are authorized to an Bellevue, Gouverneur, Harlem, and nounce that the department of public Fordham hospitals from the jurischarities has no funds for the sup
diction of the commissioner of ply of free coal, and that no public public charities and placing them funds have been placed in the hands in charge of an unpaid board of of any private association for this seven members. The Journal quotes purpose. Families who are in need
President Keller of the department of fuel and whose needs should be of public charities as having intisupplied from charitable sources may
mated that the change was proposed be referred to the joint application with a view to placing the hospitals bureau. in the United Charities more completely under the control Building, conducted by the Charity of the teaching institutions. Mr. Organization Society and the Asso Keller objects to this on the ground ciation for Improving the Condition that the hospitals are intended of the Poor, where their needs will primarily for the relief of the sick be investigated and suitable action and only incidentally for educational taken.
purposes, and the Journal thinks
that his attitude on this subject will The state board of charities of receive the approbation of many Illinois, in its forthcoming annual members of the medical profession. report, will recommend its own aboli The Journal predicts that the plan tion. The state board has found the would involve serious practical diffi
culties of administration. In any proposed is the desire to improve plan which severs the emergency
the administration of Bellevue hoshospitals from the overflow hospitals, pital, the most important institution the constantly recurring questions of the department of public charias to the responsibility for transfers ties, but the spirit is more than the would be to the detriment of the pa form and we believe that the public tients involved.
spirit on which the authors of the
proposed scheme would rely for the More serious, however, is the de- improvements contemplated by them, parture which this plan involves from if directed toward effective co-operthe general principleof concentrating ation with the present commissioner responsibility for the conduct of the would equally well accomplish the city departments. The charter re end desired. There has been imvision commission now proposes to
provement, there is
for vest the direction of the department further improvement, but the obstaof public charities in a single com cle lies in a lack of professional and missioner, and this proposition is public interest rather than in the pronounced by the Journal to be domination of politics. “one that will probably meet with the hearty approval of all who have
The Rev. William I. Nichols, gengiven any serious attention to the eral secretary of the Brooklyn Bureau problem of municipal government." of Charities, made an address before If in order to remove the hospitals the Suffrage Association of Brooklyn, in question from the sphere of on November 20. Referring to the "practical politics,” it is necessary
work of the Bureau of Charities, Mr. to take them out of the department Nichols said that not one cent of the of public charities, they should still money contributed to it by the public be, in the opinion of the writer is used for running expenses, the whom we have quoted, under a sin funds for its maintenance being obgle-headed commission, for the same tained through the labor of those arguments which prove the wisdom who apply for assistance, and who of a concentration of authority in are willing to work for what they the department of charities would receive. apply with equal force to the pro This is one way of looking at the posed department of hospitals. matter, but we doubt whether it is
the best way. Why should not the We agree substantially with the
members of the Bureau contribute conclusions of Mr. Keller and Medi
money for its running expenses ?
Mr. Nichols spoke in emphatic ical Journal as above expressed.
terms against the practice of indisWe have doubt that the
criminate bestowal of alms, adding: motive of the
radical change “By giving a quarter or other
amounts to those who knock at their Treasurer - Frank Tucker. of doors for aid, religious people, cler New York. gymen, and others are encouraging Committees on Relief for the Sick dishonesty, gambling, and drunken Poor-Division A, hospitals, disness in a way they never dream of. pensaries, and nursing, chairman, They are actually paying people to Dr. Stephen Smith, of New York; get drunk and to gamble. If a man
Division B, sanatoria for consumpor woman wants a lodging they can tives, chairman, Dr. John H. Pryor, apply to us and we will get it for of Buffalo. them, and a card bearing the ad Committee on the Treatment of dress should be given to them in the Criminal -- Chairman,
Hon. stead of money. The quarter or George McLaughlin, of Albany. other sum can be sent to us with the Committee on the Care and Relief certainty that it will be expended in of Needy Families in Their Own the right way, for every cent con Homes—Chairman, Frank Tucker, tributed to the bureau of charities of New York. finds its way into the pockets of the Committee on the Care of Depoor.”
fective, Dependent, and Delinquent Children-Chairman, Dr. F. Park Lewis, of Buffalo.
Committee on the Institutional The New York State Conference
Care of Destitute Adults-Chairof Charities and Correction has the
man, Clarence V. Lodge, of Rochfollowing officers for its second ses
ester, sion to be held in November, 1901, in New York city:
Committee on the Mentally De
fective-Chairman, Dr. Peter M. President-Robert W. de Forest
Wise, of New York. (president of the Charity Organiza
Committee on Politics in Penal tion Society of the City of New
and Charitable Institutions—ChairYork and chairman of the Tenement
man, Mrs. Charles R. Lowell, of House Commission).
The annual meeting of the ChilRosendale, of Albany; Thomas M.
dren's Aid Society was held on Mulry, of New York.
Tuesday at the Chase National Secretary-Robert W. Hebberd,
Bank. Mr. D. Willis James, presiof Albany.
dent; Mr. C. E. Whitehead, viceAssistant Secretaries—Dr. Lee K. president; Mr. A. B. Hepburn, treasFrankel, of New York; Miss Lucy urer; and Mr. C. L. Brace, secreC. Watson, of Utica; Mrs. August tary, were re-elected, and Messrs. Falker, of Syracuse.
William Church Osborn, Charles E.
Whitehead, J. Kennedy Tod, James to include in his department budget R. Roosevelt and Arthur C. James for the coming year the sum of $20,were re-elected trustees of the society 000 to establish and maintain an infor a term of three years.
stitution similar to that in New York
city. This sum of money, it is The annual meeting of the board claimed will be sufficient to rent and of trustees of St. John's Guild was fix up a building in a central locality, held November 21. Mr. William install heating apparatus and spray Sherer was elected president, to suc baths and provide sleeping accommoceed former Mayor William L. dations for 300 persons.
It is beStrong Mr. John P. Faure was lieved that the effect of the instituchosen as secretary, and Mr. I. N. tion will be to check vagrancy and Seligman as treasurer, to succeed
petty crime. Mr. W. J. Waddell, now in Europe.
Mr. William R. Hunter, one of The corner-stone of the new the district superintendents of the Brightside Day Nursery and Kinder- Chicago Bureau of Charities, advogarten, at 89 Cannon street, was cates the establishment of a system laid with appropriate ceremonies, of police patrol in
that city November 18. President Randolph similar to the one existing in Guggenheimer, of the council, acting in New York city.
He suggests for the city, delivered the principal that every vagrancy case be investiaddress. The ceremony was large- gated by a specially appointed comly attended.
mittee. The report of these investi
gators would be sent to the The bureau of dependent chil Bureau of Charities, and on the dren in the department of public undeserving a cumulative sentence charities in the month of October, to the workhouse would be imposed, committed seventy-nine children and while transportation would be proremoved from the roll of public vided for those who can prove a legal charges 139 children, making a net residence elsewhere. decrease of sixty in the month in It is Mr. Hunter's opinion that the number of children who are pub- Chicago is now the gathering place lic charges, through the action of the for tramps. Other cities, he says, department.
have suppressed them, but Chicago
offers the best living on the easiest Efforts made by the Chicago terms. Bureau of Charities to establish a municipal lodging house have re The Chicago Bureau of Charities sulted in Mayor Harrison's instruct has centralized its financial system. ing Health Commissioner Reynolds Instead of having a treasurer in each