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Sabbath Perversion: 1.81-97 2. Jewish exclusiveness xii; xiv

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THE PENTATEUCH ACCORDING TO THE TALMUD,

GENESIS:

WITH A

TALMUDICAL COMMENTARY,

BY

PA U L IS A A C HERSH0 N,

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FICAR OF ST. PANCRAS, AND RURAL DEAN; HON. CANON OF GLOUCESTER; AND EXAMINING

CHAPLAIN TO THE LORD BISHOP OF GLOUCESTER AND BRISTOL.

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15, PATERNOSTER ROW.

1883.

(All rights reserved.)

500110101 LOST

10 20.06

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INTRODUCTORY ESSAY ON THE TALMUD.

The first five books of Moses, ordinarily known as the Pentateuch, are the oldest written records in the world. Next to these in antiquity probably come portions of the Talmud.

The Rabbis and the learned Jews assert that on Mount Sinai, in addition to the Law-embodied in the books of Moses-the Law in writing (andau 17, Torah Shebekthab), another and an oral Law (177 Syyv inn, Torah Shebaal Peh), the Law upon the Lip--was given to Moses by the Eternal.

This second or oral Law is generally known among Jewish scholars as yoo yoob igason (Halachah le Mosheh mi Sinai) the Traditional Law (given) to Moses on Sinai. This oral Law (see the Pirke Avoth, I.) was repeated by Moses to Joshua, and by him rehearsed to the elders of the people, and they in turn handed it down to their successors.

This “
Law

upon
for centuries was preserved in memory or in sacred rolls.
Jeremiah is expressly mentioned as dictating it to Baruch the
scribe, who gave it to Ezra, who taught it to the men of the
great synagogue. Haggai the Prophet was the first of these
men of the great synagogue ; he lived about 520 B.C.
handed down with extreme care by the leading men of this
college of teachers until the days of Simon the Just, 300 B.C.
This Simon was the last of the men of the great synagogue.
The precious Tradition was delivered after 300 B.C. to a succes-
sion of learned men, whose names are preserved, to the days of
Hillel the Great, who is said to have arranged the oral Law

the Lip"

It was

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