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THE PENTATEUCH ACCORDING TO THE TALMUD,
PA U L IS A A C HERSH0 N,
FICAR OF ST. PANCRAS, AND RURAL DEAN; HON. CANON OF GLOUCESTER; AND EXAMINING
CHAPLAIN TO THE LORD BISHOP OF GLOUCESTER AND BRISTOL.
15, PATERNOSTER ROW.
(All rights reserved.)
INTRODUCTORY ESSAY ON THE TALMUD.
The first five books of Moses, ordinarily known as the Pentateuch, are the oldest written records in the world. Next to these in antiquity probably come portions of the Talmud.
The Rabbis and the learned Jews assert that on Mount Sinai, in addition to the Law-embodied in the books of Moses-the Law in writing (andau 17, Torah Shebekthab), another and an oral Law (177 Syyv inn, Torah Shebaal Peh), the Law upon the Lip--was given to Moses by the Eternal.
This second or oral Law is generally known among Jewish scholars as yoo yoob igason (Halachah le Mosheh mi Sinai) the Traditional Law (given) to Moses on Sinai. This oral Law (see the Pirke Avoth, I.) was repeated by Moses to Joshua, and by him rehearsed to the elders of the people, and they in turn handed it down to their successors.