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SEC. 7. The limits of each zone shall be defined by an order of the agency and may be modified from time to time: Provided, however, That determinations heretofore made by the Interstate Commerce Commission and in effect on the effective date of this Act shall continue in effect unless and until modified or changed by an appropriate order of the agency: And provided further, That *daylight saving" or other advanced time may continue to be observed, as it has been observed in the past, until the agency has authorized advanced time zones or for one year after the effective date of the Act, whichever comes first.

Sec. 8. In determining the limits of the several zones the agency shall, among other things, consider the appropriateness of the standard of time for the particular areas concerned : Provided, however, That the agency shall not, except as provided in section 9, include in any zone a point or area for which the standard time of the zone would be more than thirty minutes slower or more than one hour faster than local mean astronomical time. So far as practicable, the boundaries of the zones shall be reasonably straight north-south lines, shall be located in sparsely populated areas, and shall follow natural or well-known boundaries. No particular section or group shall be entitled to special consideration, but the line shall be drawn where, in the judgment of the agency, it best promotes the safety, convenience, and welfare of the country as a whole.

SEC. 9. Within each zone, the agency is authorized to define the limits of an advanced-time subzone; and in each year, from 2 o'clock antemeridian on the last Sunday in April until 2 o'clock antermeridian on the last Sunday in October, each advanced-time subzone, as thus defined shall be transferred to and made a part of the zone immediately to the east, and the legal time of such subzone shall be the standard time of the zone into which it is temporarily so transferred : Provided, however, That in determining the limits of any such subzone, the agency shall not in any instance include a point or area for which the standard time of the zone to the east, to which the subzone is temporarily transferred, would be more than one hour and thirty minutes faster than local mean astronomical time: And provided further, That so far as practicable and compatible with such advanced standard of time, the other provisions of this Act be observed.

Sec. 10. In defining or modifying the boundaries between the respective zones or subzones, the agency shall have authority to conduct such hearings and investigations as, in its judgment, are necessary or advisable for the effective administration of this Act; and, in conducting such hearings and investigations, the agency shall have authority to require by compulsory process or otherwise the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of all books, papers, records, and documents relating to any matter under investigation.

SEC. 11. The agency shall have authority, subject to the provisions of the civil service laws and the Classification Act of 1949, as amended, to appoint such examiners, assistants, and other employees as are necessary in the exercise of its functions under this Act.

SEC. 12. Any person, organization, or body politic may file with the agency a petition seeking the establishment or modification of a boundary of a zone or subzone. After investigation of the merits of the petition, including a public hearing if deemed by the agency to be desirable in the public interest, the agency may deny the petition or may grant such relief as it finds justified in the premises.

SEC. 13. Except as otherwise provided herein or as specifically authorized by the agency hereunder, within the respective zones established under the authority of this Act the standard time of the zone shall be the exclusive time for the transaction of all public business by any agency or department of the United States, or of any State or local government, or by any officer, agent, employee, or representative of such agency or department, and shall be observed by all persons subject to the jurisdiction of the United States in all civil and business relations with the public: Provided, however, That nothing herein shall prevent the use for scientific purposes of standards of time differing from that of the zone, subject to reasonable regulations prescribed by the agency respecting the use of such information so as to protect the public from confusion and inconvenience. The agency may provide other exceptions upon a finding that the safety and convenience of the public will be served thereby. In such instances, the agency shall impose such reasonable conditions as it may deem desirable in the public interest.

Sec. 14. In all statutes, ordinances, orders, rules, and regulations relating to (a) the time of performance of any act by any agency or department of the United States or of any State or local government, or by any officer, agent, employee, or representative of such agency or department; or (b) the time when any right shall mature or terminate; or, (c) the time within which any act shall or shall not be performed, the time specified shall be the standard time of the zone within which the act is to be performed or not performed, or within which the right is to mature or terminate.

SEC. 15. The agency is hereby authorized and required to execute and enforce the provisions of this Act; and, upon the request of the agency, it shall be the duty of any district attorney of the United States to whom the agency may apply to institute in the proper court and to prosecute under the direction of the Attorney General of the United States all necessary proceedings for the enforcement of the provisions of this Act and for the punishment of all violations thereof, and the costs and expenses of such prosecution shall be paid out of the appropriation for the expenses of the courts of the United States.

SEC. 16. Any person knowingly and willfully violating any provision of this Act or any rule, regulation, requirement, or order thereunder shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof be subject for each offense to a fine of not more than $500. Each day of such violation shall constitute a separate offense.

SEC. 17. If any person shall fail or refuse to comply with any provision of this Act or any rule, regulation, requirement, or order thereunder, the agency or its duly authorized agent may apply to the district court of the United States for any district in which such offense occurs, or in which the offender is found, for the enforcement of such provision of this Act, or of such rule, regulation, requirement, or order; and such court shall have jurisdiction to enforce obedience thereto by writ of injunction or by other process, mandatory or otherwise, restraining said person, or his or its officers, agents, employees, and representatives from further violation of such provision of this Act or of such rule, regulation, requirement, or order and enjoining upon him or it obedience thereto.

Sec. 18. Any person who shall fail or refuse to comply with any provision of this Act or any rule, regulation, requirement, or order thereunder shall forfeit to the United States the sum of $200 for each such offense, and, in the case of a continuing violation, not to exceed $100 for each additional day during which such failure or refusal shall continue. All forfeitures provided for in this section shall be payable into the Treasury of the United States and shall be recoverable in a civil suit by the agency, or its duly authorized agent, brought in the district where such offense occurs or where the offender is found. All process in any such case may be served in the judicial district whereof such offender is an inhabitant or wherever he may be found.

SEC. 19. Nothing herein shall prevent any State or political subdivision thereof from adopting by statute or local ordinance the standard or standards of time herein provided for the zone or zones (as defined by the orders of the agency) in which such State or subdivision is located, or from enforcing by any lawful means the observance of such standard or standards within such State or subdivision thereof.

Sec. 20. The agency may provide for the publication of reports, orders, maps, and other information pertaining to standard time zones in the form best adapted for public information and use, and such authorized publications shall, without further proof or authentication, be received as competent evidence of matters contained therein in any court of competent jurisdiction.

SEC. 21. An Act entitled "An Act to save daylight and to provide standard time for the United States” approved March 19, 1918, as amended, an Act entitled "An Act to transfer the Panhandle and Plains section of Texas and Oklahoma to the United States standard central time zone", approved March 4, 1921, and all laws and parts of laws in conflict herewith are hereby repealed.

[H.R. 11206, H.R. 11310, H.R. 11672, 88th Cong., 2d sess.)

A BILL To provide a uniform period for daylight saving time Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Act entitled "An Act to save daylight and to provide standard time for the United States”, approved March 19, 1918, as amended (40 Stat. 450; 15 U.S.C. 261–264), is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section :

“SEC. 6. Whenever the standard time in any time zone, or any part thereof, is advanced one hour by any State or a political subdivision of any State, such advanced time, generally known as 'daylight saving time', shall commence at 2 o'clock antemeridian on the last Sunday in April of each year and shall end at 2 o'clock antemeridian on the last Sunday in October of each year."

[H.R. 11407, 88th Cong., 2d sess.) A BILL To amend the Standard Time Act to provide for daylight saving time during the

period from the last Sunday in April to the last Sunday in September of each year

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Act entitled “An Act to save daylight and to provide standard time for the United States”, approved March 19, 1918, as amended (40 Stat. 450 ; 15 U.S.C. 261–264), is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section:

"SEC. 6. At 2 o'clock antemeridian of the last Sunday in April of each year the standard time of each zone shall be advanced one hour, and at 2 o'clock antemeridian of the last Sunday in September in each such year the standard time of each zone shall be retarded one hour."

SEC. 2. The amendment made by the first section of this Act shall take effect on January 1, 1965.

[H.R. 11483, 88th Cong., 2d sess. ] A BILL To establish a uniform system of time standards and measurement for the United

States and to promote the observance of such time standards for all purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United states of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as "The Uniform Time Act of 1964".

SEC. 2. For the purpose of establishing a uniform system of time and to fix the standard of time measurement for the United States, the territory of the United States shall be divided into eight time zones in the manner provided in this Act.

SEC. 3. The general zone system of standard time, under which the local standard time is determined in relation to the mean solar time of one of the twenty-four-hour meridians occurring every fifteenth degree of longitude west or east from Greenwich, England, is hereby recognized and adopted so far as applicable to the territory of the United States.

SEC. 4. The standard time based on the mean solar time of the sixtieth degree of longitude west from Greenwich shall be known and designated as Atlantic standard time; that of the seventy-fifth degree as eastern standard time; that of the ninetieth degree as central standard time; that of the one hundred and fifth degree as mountain standard time; that of the one hundred and twentieth degree as Pacific standard time; that of the one hundred and thirty-fifth degree as Yukon standard time; that of the one hundred and fiftieth degree as AlaskaHawaii standard time; and that of the one hundred and sixty-fifth degree as Bering standard time.

SEC. 5. (a) The boundaries of each zone shall be defined by an order of the Interstate Commerce Commission, hereinafter called the Commission, and may be modified from time to time.

(b) Determinations of zone boundaries heretofore made by the Commission and in effect on the effective date of this Act shall continue in effect unless and until modified or changed by an appropriate order of the Commission. "Daylight saving" or other advanced time may continue to be observed, as it has been observed in the past, until the Commission has authorized advanced time subzones or for two years after the effective date of this Act, whichever comes first.

(c) Zone boundaries prevailing with respect to Alaska and Hawaii on the effective date of this Act may continue in effect until modified or changed by an appropriate order of the Commission.

SEC. 6. (a) In determining the boundaries of the several zones the Commission shall, among other things, consider the appropriateness of the standard of time for the particular areas concerned. So far as practicable, the boundaries of the zones shall be reasonably straight north-south lines, shall be located in sparsely populated areas, shall follow natural or well-known boundaries, and shall be placed where, in the judgment of the Commission, they best promote the safety, convenience, and welfare of the country as a whole.

(b) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section and in section 7, the Commission shall not include in any zone a point or area for which the standard time of the zone would be more than one hour ahead or behind local mean solar time.

(c) The provisions of subsection (b) shall not apply in Alaska or Hawaii, and the western boundary of the zone observing Bering standard time shall extend to the international dateline.

Sec. 7. Within each zone, the Commission is authorized to determine the boundary of one advanced-time subzone; and in each year, from 2 o'clock antemeridian on the last Sunday in April until 2 o'clock antemeridian on the last Sunday in October, each advanced-time subzone, as thus defined, shall be transferred to and made a part of the zone immediately to the east, and the legal time of such subzone shall be the standard time of the zone into which it is temporarily so transferred. In determining the boundary of any such subzone, the Commission shall not in any instance include a point or area for which the standard time of the zone to the east, to which the subzone is temporarily transferred, would be more than one hour and thirty minutes ahead of local mean solar time. The boundary shall be placed where, in the judgment of the Commission, it best promotes the safety, convenience, and welfare of the country as a whole, taking into account the desires of those affected, and considering the appropriateness of the advanced time for the area concerned. The Commission shall consult with the Governor of any State affected before making its determination.

SEC. 8. (a) In defining or modifying the boundaries of the respective zones or subzones, the Commission shall have authority to conduct such hearings and investigations as are necessary or advisable for the effective administration of this Act. In conducting such hearings and investigations, the Commission shall have authority to require by compulsory process or otherwise the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of all books, papers, records, and documents relating to any matter under investigation.

(b) Any person, organization, or State or political subdivision thereof may file with the Commission a petition seeking the establishment or modification of a boundary of a zone or a subzone. After investigation of the merits of the petition, including a public hearing if deemed by the Commission to be desirable in the public interest, the Commission may deny the petition or grant such relief as it finds justified in the public interest.

SEC. 9. The Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. 100_1011) shall apply to all proceedings under section 8 of this Act.

SEC. 10. (a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) of this section or as specifically authorized by the Commission hereunder, within the respective zones established under the authority of this Act the standard time of the zone shall be the exclusive time for the transaction of all public business by any agency or department of the United States, or by any officer, agent, employee, or representative of such agency or department, and shall be observed by all common carriers engaged in interstate or foreign commerce or communication by wire or radio.

(b) Subject to the prior approval of the Commission, and notwithstanding any provision of this Act, any standard of time differing from that of the zone may be used in marine and air navigation, air traffic control and related activities, railroad operations having regard to the convenience of commerce and the junction points and the division points of common carriers engaged in interstate or foreign commerce, the specialized needs of the military services, or for scientific purposes. The Commission may provide other exceptions upon a finding that the safety and convenience of the public will be served thereby. In all such instances, the Commission may impose such reasonable conditions as it deems desirable to protect the public from confusion and inconvenience.

(c) The Commission is authorized and directed to foster widespread and uniform adoption on the part of the States and political subdivisions thereof of the standard or standards of time herein provided for the zone or zones in which such State or subdivision is located.

SEC. 11. In all statutes, ordinances, orders, rules, and regulations relating to (1) the time of performance of any act by any agency or department of the United States, or by any officer, agent, employee, or representative of such agency or department; or (2) the time when any right shall mature or terminate; or (3) the time within which any act shall or shall not be performed. the time specified shall be the standard time of the zone within which the act is to be performed or not performed, or within which the right is to mature or terminate.

36–471-64--2

SEC. 12. The Commission is authorized and directed to execute and enforce the provisions of this Act; and, upon the request of the Commission, it shall be the duty of any district attorney of the United States to whom the Commission may apply to institute in the proper court and to prosecute under the direction of the Attorney General of the United States all necessary proceedings for the enforcement of the provisions of this Act and for the punishment of all violations thereof.

Sec. 13. Any person knowingly and willfully violating any provision of this Act or any rule, regulation, requirement, or order thereunder shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof be subject for each offense to a fine of not more than $250. Each day of such violation shall constitute a separate offense.

SEC. 14. If any person shall fail or refuse to comply with any provision of this Act or any rule, regulation, requirement, or order thereunder, the Commission or its duly authorized agent may apply to the district court of the United States for any district in which such offense occurs, or in which the offender is found, for the enforcement of such provision of this Act, or of such rule, regulation, requirement, or order; and such court shall have jurisdiction to enforce obedience thereto by writ of injunction or by other process, mandatory or otherwise, restraining said person, or his or its officers, agents, employees, and representatives from further violation of such provision of this Actor of such rule, regulation, requirement, or order and enjoining upon him or it obedience thereto.

SEC. 15. Any person who shall fail or refuse to comply with any provision of this Act or any rule, regulation, requirement, or order thereunder shall forfeit to the United States the sum of $100 for each such offense, and, in the case of a continuing violation, not to exceed $50 for each additional day during which such failure or refusal shall continue. All forfeitures provided for in this section shall be payable into the Treasury of the United States and shall be recoverable in civil suit by the Commission, or its duly authorized agent, brought in the district where such offense occurs or where the offender is found. All process in any such case may be served in the judicial district whereof such offender is an inhabitant or wherever he may be found.

Sec. 16. The Commission may provide for the publication of reports, orders, maps, and other information pertaining to standard time zones for public information and use, and such authorized publications shall, without further proof or authentication, be received as competent evidence of matters contained therein in any court of competent jurisdiction.

Sec. 17. The following Acts are repealed :

(1) The Act entitled “An Act to save daylight and to provide standard time for the United States", approved March 19, 1918 (15 U.S.C. 261-264, inclusive).

(2) The Act entitled "An Act to transfer the Panhandle and Plains section of Texas and Oklahoma to the United States standard central time zone", approved March 4, 1921 (15 U.S.C. 265).

(3) The Act entitled "An Act to permit the Board of Commissioners of the District of Columbia to establish daylight saving time in the District", approved April 28, 1953 (D.C. Code, sec. 28–2804).

Sec. 18. This Act shall take effect at 2 o'clock antemeridian on January 1, 1964.

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,

Washington, D.C., May 2, 1963. Hon. OREN HARRIS, Chairman, Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, House of Representatives.

DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN: This is in reply to your request of March 15, 1963, for a report on H.R. 4702, a bill to establish a uniform system of time standards and time measurements for the United States and to require the observance of such time standards for all purposes.

This Department concurs in the objective of standardizing the time zones as much as appropriate. However, since the bill does not affect the Department's responsibilities, we have no specific recommendation to make.

The Bureau of the Budget advises that there is no objection to the presentation of this report from the standpoint of the administration's program. Sincerely yours,

ORVILLE L. FREEMAN, Secretary.

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