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Statement of

Pago

Pyne, Thomas, on behalf of Committee for Time Uniformity.

75

Ramspeck, Hon. Robert, chairman, Committee for Time Uniformity. 44, 114

Redding, Robert E., executive director and secretary, Committee

for Time Uniformity -

44, 75, 115

Roeper, P. M., on behalf of Association of American Railroads..

66

Spicer, Hiram H., congressional liaison officer, Interstate Commerce

Commission....

89

Trice, R. A., vice president and traffic manager, Virginia Stage Lines,

Inc.--

103

Wallace, Robert T., legislative counsel, Interstate Commerce Com-

mission

89

Washburn, Donald, executive assistant to mayor of Nashville, Tenn. 39

Additional information submitted for the record by-

Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, letter from

Frank Bane, chairman.--

81

Air Transport Association of America, statement of Jack V. Slichter.. 109

Airline Pilots Association, letter from Charles H. Ruby, president.-- 132

Allen Theatres, Farmington, V. Mex., telegram from Boyd F. Scott-- 126

American Broadcasting Co., letter from Leonard H. Goldensou, presi-

dent.---

138

American Municipal Association, letter from Patrick Healy, executive

director, transmitting resolution.

125

American Mutual Insurance Alliance, letter from Wallace M. Smith - 116

American Waterways Operators, Inc., letter from Braxton B. Carr,

president.

130

Association of American Railroads, statement of difficulty being ex-

perienced by railroads because of lack of uniformity in time.---

73

Association of Oil Pipe Lines, letter from Gordon C. Locke, general

counsel...

129

Association of Stock Exchange Firms, statement of James Crane

Kellogg III, president.-

121

Briley, Beverly, mayor of Nashville, Tenn., letter from.--

40

Citizens for Standard Time:

Letter from

Horner, H. H

131

Thies, label (Virs. Ray)-

131

Collins, Rev. W. A., letter from.

123

Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc., letter from Richard S. Salant-- 134
Commerce Department, statement of Hon. Clarence D. Martin, Jr.,

Under Secretary for Transportation...

Committee for Time Uniformity:

Extent of observance in 1961 of daylight saving time in the United

States.-

64

Extent of uniformity in daylight saving time switchover dates,

1961.

64

1964 time observance in 220 important cities in the United States,

table...

58

Project Timesaver: A plan to end the 'clock juggling” which

confuses and costs the Nation, prepared by the Transportation

Association of America.

“The Call to Arms for Time Uniformity,” excerpt from remarks

of Robert E. Redding, October 25, 1962

56

Time confusion in U.S. cities of at least 100,000 population, table.

57

Cotton, lion. Norris, letter from.--.

Federal Aviation Agency, letters from N. E. Halaby, Administrator - 15, 16

Fraser, Hon. Donald M.: Minnesota poll--58 percent say Congress

should decide dates for daylight saving, from Minneapolis Tribune,

June 14, 1964..

30

Fulton, Hon. Richard H.: Statistics on 1963 daylight saving time in

the United States.

37

Interstate Commerce Commission, memorandum from Robert W.

Ginnane, General Counsel.

92

Investment Bankers Association of America, letter from David J.

Harris

Karth, Hon. Joseph E.:
Editorials from St. Paul (Minn.) Pioneer Press.

43
Resolution of the City Council of St. Paul, Minn.

43

l'ago
135

135

126

41
39

126

124

129

Pacific Coast Stock Exchange, statement of Thomas P. Phelan, presi-

dent..

Piedmont Airlines, statement of Donald E. Britt, assistant to the

president.

Railway Labor Executives Association, telegram from Donald S.

Beattie, executive secretary-treasurer.

Riordan, H. J., city clerk, St. Paul, Minn., letter from, transmitting

council resolution -

Spurned Voters of Indiana, letter from Lottie C. Brown, clerk.--
Transportation Association of America, letter from Robert E. Red-

ding-

U.S. Independent Telephone Association, letter from William C. Mott,

executive vice president..

United Theatre Owners of Oklahoma, Inc.:
Letter from-

Brunk, Sam, executive secretary-

Slepka, Bill, president.--

Western Union Telegraph Co., letter from K. W. Heberton, vice

president -

76

137
137

UNIFORM TIME

THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 1964

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON COMMERCE AND FINANCE
OF THE COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 10 a.m., pursuant to call, in room 1334, Longworth House Office Building, Hon. Gillis W. Long presiding.

Mr. Long. The subcommittee will come to order please.

This morning the subcommittee has before it a matter which has a great deal of interest all over the country. It is beginning hearings on a number of bills which propose to deal in different ways with the difficult subject of time uniformity. This question has been before the Congress at various times in the past. It has never failed to evoke strong feelings on the part of almost everybody since most everybody feels personally involved. I doubt that things have changed very much in this respect.

As Congress has continued to sidestep the question of time uniformity, the effects of the lack of uniformity are making themselves felt more and more. This has led numerous important organizations in the fields of industry, finance, transportation, and communication to band together for the purpose of securing congressional action at the earliest possible time on this controversial subject. Later this morning we shall hear from their representatives.

At this point in the record, however, I would like to insert the bills which are pending before the subcommittee, and the departmental reports on these bills. (The bills and reports referred to follow :)

(H.R. 2335, 88th Cong., 1st sess.) A BILL To amend the Standard Time Act of March 19, 1918, so as to provide that the

standard time established thereunder shall be the measure of time for all purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the first sentence of section 2 of the Act entitled "An Act to save daylight and to provide standard time for the United States”, approved March 19, 1918, as amended (15 U.S.C. 262), is hereby amended to read as follows: “Within the respective zones established under the authority of this Act the standard time of each such zone shall be the measure of time for all purposes.”

SEC. 2. Such Act is further amended by redesignating section 5 as section 6 and by inserting before such section the following:

"SEC. 5. (a) It shall be unlawful for any place of business or commercial enterprise to use, maintain, or display any standard of time for any zone established under the authority of this Act other than the standard time established by this Act for such zone. Any individual, corporation, partnership, or association willfully violating the provisions of this subsection shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine of not more than $100.

1

"(b) It shall be unlawful for any officer, agent, or employee of the United States or any State, territory, or political subdivision thereof to use, maintain, or display in connection with his official duties as such an employee any standard of time for any zone established under the authority of this Act other than the standard time established by this Act for such zone. Any such officer, agent. or employee willfully violating the provisions of this subsection shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine of not more than $100."

Sec. 3. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 1963.

(H.R. 2532, 88th Cong., 1st sess.) A BILL To amend the Standard Time Act of March 19, 1918, so as to provide that the

standard time established thereunder shall be the measure of time for all purposes

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the first sentence of section 2 of the Act entitled "An Act to save daylight and to provide standard time for the United States", approved March 19, 1918, as amended (15 U.S.C. 262), is hereby amended to read as follows: "Within the respective zones established under the authority of this Act the standard time of each such zone shall be the measure of time for all purposes.”.

SEC. 2. Such Act is further amended by redesignating section 5 as section 6 and by inserting before such section the following:

"Sec. 5. (a) It shall be unlawful for any place of business or commercial enterprise to use, maintain, or display any standard of time for any zone established under the authority of this Act other than the standard time established by this Act for such zone. Any individual, corporation, partnership, or association willfully violating the provisions of this subsection shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine of not more than $100.

“(b) It shall be unlawful for any officer, agent, or employee of the United States or any State, Territory, or political subdivision thereof to use, maintain, or display in connection with his official duties as such an employee any standard of time for any zone established under the authority of this Act other than the standard time established by this Act for such zone. Any such officer, agent, or employee willfully violating the provisions of this subsection shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine of not more than $100."

Sec. 3. This Act shall take effect on January 1, 1964.

[H.R. 3114, 88th Cong., 1st sess.) A BILL To establish zones having a standard time officially recognized by the Government

of the United States; to fix the boundaries of each such time zone, and for other purposes

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there are hereby established twenty-four standard time zones, with an official standard time for each such zone, as follows:

1. The standard time for the first zone shall be the mean solar time of the zero degree of longitude at Greenwich, England, and the boundaries of such time zone are hereby fixed at seven and one-half degrees of longitude west of Greenwich and at seven and one-half degrees of longitude east of Greenwich. Such time zone shall be known as the United States Standard Time Zone 1 and the standard time for such zone shall be referred to as the “United States Standard Time for Zone 1".

2. Beginning at seven and one-half degrees of longitude west of Greenwich, there are hereby established eleven time zones numbered 2 through 12, consecutively, each of which shall be known as the United States Standard Time Zone [here insert appropriate zone number], West. Each such time zone shall be fifteen degrees of longitude in width, shall not include any area included within the boundaries of any other time zone established under this Act, and the centerline of each such zone shall be a degree of longitude west of Greenwich divisible by fifteen. The standard time for each such zone shall be the mean solar time of that degree of longitude west of Greenwich designated by this paragraph as the centerline of such time zone and shall be referred to as the “United States Standard Time for Zone [here insert appropriate zone number), West”.

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