Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
Hasil 1-3 dari 60
Public Transport Suburbanization required the development of a public transport
system and heavy - expenditure public infrastructure , especially bridges and
roads . Until the mid - nineteenth century , most journeys had been a matter of ...
However , while passengers seem to have been happy to try out this new form of
transport , official attitudes were guarded . European administrators had concerns
as to their safety and the interference with motorized traffic . Chinese leaders ...
Transport Infrastructure IW ey At the beginning of the New Order , the main
limitation on the spread of the city was transport access , which still meant public
transport . Despite a four - or fivefold increase in population , the electric tramway