Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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However , for reasons of defense , there was only one access point to the
adjacent Javanese town from the walled Dutch settlement , namely from the
southeast gate . A cartographic map of 1825 shows more accurately the pattern
of land use ...
after whom the fort was named , and the work was finished eight years later in the
style typical of most Dutch towns and ... an island in an essentially Javanese
townscape , now the fortifications were to encompass and define the whole town
It then became profitable to sell off blocks along the river or main roads for
mansions ( heerenhuizen ) for those who could afford to escape from the
insalubrious confines of the town — few of these old houses can still be
recognized by their ...