Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Though smaller than the leading port cities of Southeast Asia , it was a large city
by European standards , with a population estimated in 1625 to be fifty to sixty
thousand ( Reid 1993 ) . As in other city - states of the pasisir , Chinese influence
development of one thousand hectares southeast of the municipality at Driyorejo
. Planning began around 1980 but not until 1995 did building commence . By
then there was a waiting list of thirtytwo thousand applicants ( SP , 6 / 11 / 95 ) .
... War I can be gained from the 1915 Colonial Report , which enumerated 439
industrial establishments and ten thousand workers across the whole of the
Surabaya residency , excluding plantation enterprises such as sugar mills ( table