Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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As a gesture toward nationalist concerns , in mid - 1948 the prewar Small
Industry Fund ( Stichting “ Fonds voor de Kleine Nijverheid ” ) was reactivated ,
but even across the whole country the amount of loans distributed , mainly to
In Jakarta - West Java , which had remained the center of the textile and clothing
industry ( chap . 5 ) , textile , clothing , and footwear made up over 40 percent of
exports and the value of shipments was almost twelve times that of East Java ' s .
See Badan Keamanan Rakyat Ter Wolde , 277 Textielfabriek en H . M .
Baswedan , 276 Textielfabriek Java , 276 Textile Control Board , 281 Textile
Institute , 275 – 77 textiles : exports of , 451 - 54 ; imports of , 59 - 60 ; interisland