Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Little research was carried out into the social impact of the depression on the
Indonesian population , making it hard now to draw any firm conclusions as to
how the burden was shared . 10 The official view was that unemployment was a ...
Suburban households , by contrast , living in detached houses facing onto the
street , have no social check upon conspicuous consumption and attempt to
maintain their privacy and security by high fences , locked doors , and barred
Economic growth had enhanced social mobility , enabling many to move out of
the cramped and socially regulated kampung environment into suburban , middle
- class society . The new towns and luxury suburbs attested to that trend .