Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
Hasil 1-3 dari 31
The top quintile spent double its pro rata share of expenditure while the bottom
two quintiles spent only half . By the mid - 1990s the top quintile had raised its
share several percentage points at the expense of the two lowest . This does not
An almost identical share was made up of the low - value residues of domestic
food processing such as copra cake , molasses , and rice bran . As in 1939 , so in
1980 the diversity of East Java ' s exports bore witness not to economic ...
After Independence , the centralization of government in Jakarta and the
consequent bias of both public spending and private investment caused Jakarta '
s share of national imports to double , from 28 percent in 1939 to about 60
percent by ...