Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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... Howard W. Dick, Senior Lecturer Department of Economics Howard Dick.
TABLE 3 . 13 Economically active population by sector , Surabaya , 1930 - 95 ;
Jakarta , 1995 ( % ) Sector 1930 1971 1980 1990 1995 Jakarta 2 - 20 7 12 81 5
23 1 .
Both display a wide spread of activity across all two - digit sectors , very different
from the high degree of specialization ... In terms of employment the salient
difference between Surabaya and Jakarta is the former ' s much smaller TCF
7 persons ) , which raised this sector ' s share in unincorporated - sector
employment to 9 percent ( table 5 . 12 ) . For Greater Surabaya in 1996 informal -
sector manufacturing nevertheless provided almost 150 , 000 jobs , more than
the entire ...