Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Despite the attractions of cheap land and village labor , proximity by road to the
city , port , and airport was still a prerequisite of location , one enhanced in 1987
by completion of the toll road between Gempol , Waru , and the port of Tanjung ...
They are now joined together by the first Red Bridge ( Jembatan Merah ) ,
forming a strong east - west axis between the new road to Gresik ( the westerly
section of Daendels ' s post road ) and the older road to Kenjeran . The city gate
and outer ring roads but a raised expressway through the center of the city
continues to be mooted . Heavy investment in the road system has generated a
very unequal distribution of benefits . Those rich and influential enough to obtain