Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Eastern Java : Rivers and main towns , ca . 1900 . Source : Based on Officieele
Reisgids , 2 November 1939 – 1 May 1940 . more extensive siltation spreading
from the mouth of the Porong. SEMARANG Solo River Bangkalan Bojonegorovs
The Kali Mas , which before the war had been a wide river negotiable by laden
prahus , was barely half its official width and so shallow that it could be waded
across at low tide ( compare figs 4 . 8 , 4 . 9 ) . Around Simpang and Kayun the ...
This major public works scheme , which in Surabaya primarily involved dredging
the ten kilometers of the Kali Mas , from the Brantas River at Wonokromo to its
mouth at Madura Strait , was to be funded primarily by a Japanese aid loan of $ 4