Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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For example , the kampungs around the alunalun , which would have been
associated with the compounds of the nobility , had no rice field ( sawah ) ,
neither did those in the long island between the Kali Mas and Kali Pegirian .
Comparison of ...
In a country where government has long been preoccupied with the production of
rice , it remarkably had almost nothing to say about agriculture . The expectation
was that agriculture that would all but disappear from the municipality . Hitherto ...
This land was for the most part redirected to the production of other cash crops ,
mainly rice and secondary food crops ( palawija ) . Of these , the most important
was rice for local and interisland trade ( see below ) . Tapioca exports might have