Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Its urban Indonesian workforce was not organized into trade unions until the latter
part of 1920 and then mainly through the efforts of one man , Jahja , the young ,
Dutch - educated son of a State Railways conductor . Beginning with an ...
Their dismantling in the early 1870s conveniently preceded the decision of 1875
to build a state - owned railway from Surabaya to Pasuruan and Malang . Without
having to demolish any existing buildings , the first railway station at Kota ...
The railway yards and repair shops were , as mentioned above , laid out in the
late 1870s just south of the Chinese quarter , while the gasworks were
constructed in the former noman ' s - land on the far side of the Pegirian . The
1905 map ...