Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Rapid growth of commodity production in the hinterland began in 1830 with the
Cultivation System . Perhaps the most succinct definition of this complex system
of state - sponsored plantations is that of Cees Fasseur , namely a “ form of agro ...
Because of its teak plantations , engineering capability , and supply of skilled
labor , Java was to be the main center of production ( Miyamoto 1986 ) . In
Surabaya a yard was laid out beside the naval base , near the mouth of the
Pegirian canal ...
By April 1947 most branches of industry were back in production . In the case of
food and textiles , output was distributed through the rationing system. Figure 5 .
4 . Workers leaving the Braat engineering works , Ngagel , 1947 . Arsip Nasional