Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The Great Port Debate Because Surabaya ' s raison d ' Ítre has always been its
function as a port , the turn - of - the - century controversy over the development of
the port was of great moment for the city ' s future . What is intriguing to the ...
In the 1900s business and government there were also preoccupied with the
improvement of port facilities . In Semarang the decision was taken to proceed
with a lighterage harbor . Work began in 1910 and , after wartime delays , was ...
land sea , serving both the little river ports along the northeast coast and the main
towns of Madura . ... Surabaya therefore ranks with other leading port cities of
Southeast Asia such as Bangkok , Rangoon , and Saigon , whose vitality and ...