Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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percent ( table 3 . 15 ) . These were figures for a leading metropolitan area !
Moreover , they disguise another glaring form of discrimination . In any
disadvantaged social group , women tend to bear the brunt of discrimination . So
it was in ...
A comprehensive 1981 survey of household facilities revealed that in Surabaya
86 percent of households had their own kitchenalmost a definition of a household
— 64 percent their own laundry area , 62 percent their own bathing place ...
4 percent to 38 . 6 percent ( EWNI , 16 / 5 / 41 , 832 – 33 ) . Within such a short
time , however , little investment was possible and , as during World War I , there
was no long - term gain in industrial capability . This late - colonial burst of ...