Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Meanwhile , the Netherlands Indies Steam Navigation Company , which in 1865
had taken over the interisland mail contract , had opened its own works on the
opposite bank of the Kali Mas . These early repair yards foreshadowed the ...
Built at Wonocolo , just south of Surabaya , the plant was opened by Vice
President Hatta in July 1956 , though because of technical problems it had
reached only half its planned capacity by 1960 ( Siahaan 1996 , 306 ) . A few
months earlier ...
In East Java the thirty - thousand - spindle Grati spinning mill near Pasuruan
opened in October 1965 but construction of the Petrokimia fertilizer plant at
Gresik , which began in August 1964 with Italian aid , was suspended — the first