Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Their main occupation , however , was trade ( 26 percent ) . This reflected not
only ... The Chinese community showed a remarkable concentration in just two
occupations , trade ( 57 percent ) and manufacturing ( 30 percent ) . In the
1 Occupation of adult males , Surabaya , 1857 Occupation Employees 23 , 200
21 , 700 1 , 500 3 , 142 1 , 090 873 664 180 330 Primary Farming Fishing
Secondary Woodworking Metalworking Textiles / clothing Leatherd Bricks ,
Category Red meant that occupation contravened the master plan — for example
, in areas reserved for open space or industry — and would have to be vacated
without financial compensation but in exchange for land on the edge of the city .