Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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After many bureaucratic delays , the shift was finally completed in 1893 ,
coinciding with closure of the outmoded naval base on Onrust Island , in the Bay
of Jakarta . Concentration of naval facilities in Surabaya made it one of the
In expectation of war with Japan , the army and navy placed urgent local
contracts for many items from basic field equipment ... Expenditures by the naval
base had already doubled between 1935 and 1938 , and by 1939 the workforce
4 ) , the space between the fort and the naval base remained wasteland . The
movement of economic activity downstream awaited the demolition of the
fortifications after the 1870s and the completion of railway links . After 1890 the
OJS steam ...