Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Students , the military , civil leaders , and ordinary people in Surabaya knew they
could not control events in Jakarta but at the same time , as in 1965 – 66 , knew
they could influence the outcome . The strength of student demonstrations in ...
However , as in rural areas , if military requirements could not be met from
increased production , they were squeezed from reduced civilian consumption .
When the Allied forces took control of Surabaya at the end of 1945 , the task of
Surabaya was also fortunate in the critical 1980s to have as mayor Dr .
Poernomo Kasidi , a medical doctor from a military background who had genuine
concern for popular welfare . Ir . Moehtadi , a town planner who returned to
Surabaya as ...