Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Governor - General Herman Willem Daendels ( 1808 - 11 ) , who reached
Batavia just a month later , was a man of much military experience in the
Netherlands and recognized that Surabaya was more defensible than the open
roadsteads of ...
after whom the fort was named , and the work was finished eight years later in the
style typical of most Dutch towns and also Jakarta . Around the built - up area of
the city was set a wall , from which armed bastions projected into a wide moat ...
Stiffened by ex - military officers , the administrative control system extended
down to the level of the neighborhood , just as intended by the Japanese
originators of the neighborhood cell ( rukun tetangga , RT ) and without the later