Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The Public Hospital remained under central government control . Declining death
rates attested to the benefits of these belated improvements in local health
infrastructure . Between the late 1900s and the census year 1930 the death rate
This perspective is more problematic because it not only suggests something in
common between the late - colonial and the late New Order city but also requires
explanation of why the city should have gone into eclipse between the 1930s ...
able twentieth - century experience . If the blinkers of conventional periodization
are relaxed along with its lazy , habitual assumptions , there is revealed a very
long - term cycle connecting the New Order back to the late - colonial period .