Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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take part in kampung life and those who isolate themselves from their neighbors
both physically and socially , but this does not necessarily correlate with
household expenditure , occupation , and education . Observation confirms that ...
Competitions across the whole city for the best - presented kampungs were an
incentive for kampung leaders to call upon voluntary labor to upgrade kampungs
even when public funds were not provided . The modest public investment in ...
In the 1910s , after a series of bitter conflicts , the principle had been established
that removal of kampung dwellers should be regulated by law . Procedures were
established to determine rights of occupancy and the amount of compensation ...