Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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This stands out very clearly from import figures . By the trough of 1935 the value
of imports through Surabaya had fallen to just 22 percent of their 1929 level ( 34
percent in the case of Batavia ) ; two years later the value of imports through ...
As late as 1929 Surabaya was still by a good margin Java ' s main point of entry
for import goods , with 39 percent of ... the consequent bias of both public
spending and private investment caused Jakarta ' s share of national imports to
At the peaks of 1920 and 1924 , the value of exports through Surabaya was 150
percent of the value of imports ( Dick 1995 ... As the economy pulled out of the
1930s depression and import demand began to pick up , exports fell to around 60