Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
Hasil 1-3 dari 58
A comprehensive 1981 survey of household facilities revealed that in Surabaya
86 percent of households had their own kitchenalmost a definition of a household
— 64 percent their own laundry area , 62 percent their own bathing place ...
What kind of society emerged from this social revolution ? The 1981 survey of
household expenditure showed a clear nexus between expenditure and
education . Only 12 percent of heads of households in the bottom two quintiles
Nevertheless , after exclusion of the large category of household servants ( 11
percent of the sample ) , who were counted as belonging to the household in
which they are employed , a clear pattern emerged for 1981 ( table 3 . 30 ) .