Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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6 hectare Ngagel estate was already full ( Faber 1936 , 13 ) . Postwar industrial
ventures were therefore scattered throughout the municipality wherever there
was vacant land . In many cases these were plants of a type that would not have
Except for Darmo Grande , housing projects had been dormitory suburbs of no
more than a few hundred hectares . Now emerged competing new - town
developments of more than a thousand hectares , as well as many smaller
Between April 1994 and May 1995 the district government issued no fewer than
184 development approvals : 100 for industry , 80 for housing projects , and 4 for
warehouses and services , in all around twelve thousand hectares ( SP , 16 / 9 ...