Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Because of time lags and the lack of shipping , however , few orders could be met
in 1919 and a ten - week dock strike in Rotterdam in the first half of 1920 imposed
further delay . All this was conducive to overordering , so that by the second ...
by July and more than half without work . As late as August , police , soldiers ,
and marines still patrolled the streets and guarded public buildings . The next
and final wave of industrial strife was the climax of intensive organization by the
However , it did receive some support from a fairly detailed — though hardly
rigorous — study carried out in the first half of 1931 by a Labour Office official ,
Raden Mas Moeljono ( Vreede 1931a ) . In several main cities , including