Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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In the 1980s industry emerged as another source of drinkingwater pollution .
Attracted by the advantages of cheap land outside the city , good road access ,
and ready waste disposal , factories had located along both banks of the
One Chinese entrepreneur , for example , who in 1946 had opened a new soft
drink factory , managed to obtain ... Thus tanners had to manage without tan ,
biscuit factories had enough flour but no bicarbonate of soda , soap factories had
... also enclosing the whole adjacent Dutch settlement , or " factory , ” within a wall
and moat ( Faber 1931 , 27 ) . As in other factories around Asia , the Dutch like
other Europeans lived and did their business within a very small , secure area .