Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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1 Census population of main Javanese cities and Singapore , 1905 – 2000
Intercensal population growth of main Javanese cities Estimates of population ,
Surabaya and Jakarta , 1940 – 61 Ethnic composition of main Javanese cities ,
1930 3 ...
Ethnic Composition Like other port cities of Southeast Asia , Surabaya ' s
population has traditionally been ethnically diverse and even now could hardly
be judged to be a single community . On the edge of the mainland of Java and
5 Eligible municipal voters by ethnic group , Surabaya , 1930 Dutch Other
Foreign Other Native Town Number % of voters % of male pop . 5 , 693 53 43 2 ,
518 23 . 5 2 , 501 23 . 5 10 , 712 100 6 Sources : SGS 1930 ( 21 ) ; Census 1930 .