Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Especially after construction of Fort Prins Hendrik at the then mouth of the Kali
Mas in 1837 , the entrance had advanced very rapidly and was now about three
and a half kilometers from the town . Cargo was discharged into lighters (
prauwen ) ...
The urban boundaries are not identified but it may be presumed that most
kampungs still retained a rural character , especially those on the surrounding
private estates . Most of the nonprimary employment , almost another third of the
In order to survive , people began to squat wherever they could find enough land
to build a small hut , especially along canals and rail lines ( figs . 6 . 5 , 6 . 6 ) .
The breakdown of the modern sector of the economy forced more and more ...