Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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It is hardly surprising that economic historians have preferred to focus on
countries, leaving urban history to historians and geographers. This is especially
true of writings on the Third World, leading to the absurdity that a great deal is
Unfortunately, preoccupation with the colonial city and the port city as types,
together with a fairly casual approach to economic history, has been not at all
productive. Despite the conf1dence of the 1976 Santa Cruz conference that the
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