Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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On Sunday , the week ' s one full holiday , there is no necessity to rise early .
Although Christian church services begin around seven in the morning , without
the rush to school and to work the streets remain quiet and even the main
As early as 1825 a row of permanent buildings , probably warehouses , straggled
along both sides of the Kali Mas ( map 6 . 3 ) . However , the fortifications of the
1830s interrupted this natural progression , for Fort Prins Hendrik on one side ...
By the early 1980s the eastern side of Surabaya had therefore assumed a very
uneven appearance . Residual plots of rice field and old rural kampungs beneath
their dark green canopy of fruit trees were jumbled up with enclaves of luxury ...